Backache

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Child Health

Statistically teens more likely to have back pain than young children.This is probably due to the fact that the cause of the pain is most often are the big physical activities.Back pain resulting from the surge of some muscles, significantly weakened after two days and usually disappear completely within 10-14 days.

Sometimes back pain accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, "acute" abdomen, fever, pain during urination or when coughing, pain in the hip region.There may be muscle cramps, swelling of the spine, lameness or unusual gait.These additional symptoms you already have alarm and get to see a doctor.

Possible causes

Back pain most often caused by a sprained back muscles, especially if the teenager - athlete or have recently engaged in a tense, his new physical activity, and may be a symptom that accompanies infection.

sprain or muscle overexertion

muscular character of the pain is usually easy to recognize by touching the painful area of ​​the back or pushing it;Parents themselv

es can easily determine the location extension.Often the cause of the pain can be, forcing the child to repeat the physical movements, which he used before, such as throwing a ball, holding the capture in the fight, and so on. D.

back injury

swelling at the touch even when relaxed muscles, or in the absence ofhematomas (bruises), scratches or cuts are usually caused by a blow or other trauma, rather than stretching or muscle overexertion.Adolescents involved in tumultuous sports (soccer, for example), the displacement of the disc may occur.Then there is intermittent or constant pain in the lower back or buttocks, the pain gives to the calves.Back pain is accompanied by coughing or sneezing.

incorrect posture

Acute pain from poor posture are rare.Minor recurring pain due to incorrect posture can not be solved by a simple order: "Stand up straight!" It is necessary to make a child more practice and develop overall muscle support system.

Deformation vertebrae

Vertebrae may be in the form of wedges instead of the usual forms of blocks, which will cause an excessive curvature of the spine.And as a consequence - pain in the back.In other cases, one vertebra can move relative to the other and put pressure on him, causing pain.

disc inflammation

This inflammation connecting cartilage between the discs usually occurs in children of preschool age, and in girls it happens more often.A small child at the time the disease is sometimes even refusing to sit or walk.Often the temperature rises.

Often the child will tend to lie on his stomach.This occurs when a child is injured back.There are back pain, pelvis, there is lameness.Above that part of the spine which comprises inflamed disc swelling usually occurs.Spasms of the muscles near the disc and increased the pain can occur when the child straightens his legs and tries to pick them up.Typically

a state which is assumed caused by viral or bacterial infection, lasts from two to five weeks, but in any case should not exceed 12 weeks.

Other reasons

addition to the above reasons can be identified in some cases group when back pain is accompanied by a serious disease.

urinary tract infection, accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and back, a burning sensation when urinating, fever.

Appenditsitiliperitonit (infection of the lining of the peritoneum) - a very serious disease, which may be accompanied by (along with back pain), nausea, vomiting, pain in the stomach, hard stomach and high fever.

tumors.

Meningitis.By symptoms of meningitis should include severe headache, high fever, stiff neck (the inability of the child to touch the chin, chest, no felt with neck pain), muscle spasms and pain experienced when picked straight leg;these children look very sick.

arthritis or osteomyelitis (infektsiyakosti). Symptoms of these diseases may include limping or unwillingness to walk, swelling and a burning sensation of the joint or bone;in childhood rheumatoid arthritis often felt pain in the upper back and neck;stiffness in his movements;arthritic pain is usually worse in the morning or after prolonged physical inactivity alone.

Emotional reactions (such as anxiety or depression). This back pain will be more general in the absence of other symptoms (fever, for example).

Pneumonia. Cough and fever - the predominant symptoms, but may be present, and chest pain;trying to hold back a cough can cause pain or tension in the chest or back.

If the child is unable to move his arms or legs or has severe back or neck injury, do not touch it with a place, leave in the same position.Immediately call the "ambulance" and provide personnel transport.

inability of the child to move his arms or legs sometimes indicates a fracture.Trying to examine the child yourself, you can cause more damage.Remember that any possible neck injury can be very serious, but non-specialist intervention lead to serious consequences.

One of the easiest remedies for back pain - is aspirin.It is very good for pain from sunburn, with muscle or bone diseases.

Struck back portion should treat dry (heating pad, hot water bottle), or moist heat (wet towel, hot showers).If following these simple treatments for the condition will improve after 24-48 hours, it seems that the child's muscle pain weakened and you can do a home treatment.It helps in this case, rest and light activity for the development of muscles.Complete rest is needed.You should avoid jumping, contact sports games, exercise reinforced as long as the pain does not pass.

If the pain in the back is associated with muscle overload or if the child is a need to strengthen the back muscles, it is best to help massage and exercise.

Massage Gentle massage and rubbing back often help for small muscle aches and sprains.In addition, massage, as exercise, helps strengthen muscles, and hence prevent such diagnoses as curvature of the spine.

should be remembered that in the case of poor posture, such as sitting in an awkward position at the table, a small pain may return.

Exercise

program of regular, well-planned exercise often helps to strengthen the supporting muscles and prevent the occurrence of back pain j.You can recommend a program to strengthen the overall physical health associated with aerobics, brisk walking, jogging, cycling.Below, we have a few exercises that are useful for the back.

These exercises positively affect the muscles of the body, and therefore relieve light back pain.

child should lie on your back on the floor, legs extended.Bend your knees, pressed them to his chest, and then return to starting position.

The child lies on the floor on your back with legs bent at the knees, feet rest against the floor, hands pressed cross-wise to the chest.Need a little lift the chest, until the back is off the floor, and then return to starting position.

This exercise can be done differently.

The child lies on his back on the floor with knees bent, feet rest on the floor.The lower part of the spine pressed to the floor, so that the whole spine adjacent to it.Hold this position a few seconds, and then let the natural curvature of the back lift the lower part of the spine from the floor.

But be careful: you can not start these exercises in the presence of a child in pain!

When the pain stops, the child can start an exercise program with a few repetitions every 5-10 minutes.Exercise duration - 20 minutes.

If the pain in the back of the child will be more severe, seek immediate medical help!

there is swelling of the spine;

pain does not subside within two days;

there are other seemingly benign symptoms (limping, refusal to walk), which may indicate inflammation of the disk);

• child complains of pain in the ear for a few hours and paracetamol or cold or warm compresses do not reduce pain;

• child feels too much pain in the ear;pain occurs after an ear injury;

earache is accompanied by fever, inability to turn the neck, dizziness, unsteady gait;

child less than one year crying, excitable, he has a fever.

back pain is accompanied by vomiting, nausea, hard stomach, pain in the lower abdomen or high temperature (possible appendicitis);

there are muscle spasms, or difficulty in raising the straight leg (possible meningitis);

was hit or applied to a back injury, which causes severe pain or impairs a child's ability to move, especially if the blow was strong .;

elevated temperature, there is a burning sensation during urination or frequent urination associated with back pain.

present symptoms of appendicitis;child mobile, but retained a sharp pain;complaint accompanied by other serious symptoms, such as fever.

doctor will carefully consider the case, focusing on the causes and features of appearance of the child's back pain.Information on the recent activity of the child, his illness, and information about family members with similar complaints can help the doctor to make the correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

If it is determined that the child has received blows on his back or in his other injury, the doctor will most likely offer to do an X-ray of the spine.Symptoms of inflammation of the disc will also require radiological investigation.Further study of the spine area can be performed using sophisticated computer diagnosis.The doctor will most likely suggest a urine test.If the urine is found in the blood, it may indicate a possible kidney damage.

If back pain is accompanied by fever, you can think of an infection or inflammation of the spine.In this situation it is necessary to conduct a full analysis of blood and other laboratory tests and the results of the survey appropriate treatment.

can not rush to call the doctor if:

• ear pain - short-term event, lasting less than a quarter of an hour, and the child otherwise looks healthy, and pain is no longer back;

• pain is short-lived, and explained the obvious simple reason (for example, flight, a sharp descent, ascent and strong blowing the nose).

• pain in the child's ear last up to one hour or if the pain can be reduced by applying to the neck or ear, cold or warm compresses.

no apparent or visible cause of the pain.