August 12, 2017 17:51 | Child Health

Bedwetting, known as enuresis, is usually characteristic of young children, especially those aged up to four years.According to popular definition, bedwetting becomes a medical problem when a child (four years old or older) urinating at night in bed more than once a month.

parents begin to worry when a child incontinence lasts two to three years.Doctors usually do not share this concern.Many of them expressed concern until the child is five years.

Even infrequent bedwetting needs attention, and the majority of parents rightly wants to find out the cause and rectify the situation soon as possible.

Possible causes

In infants and young children not yet sufficiently developed nervous system.During sleep, it does not warn them of

that they should stand up and pee.Toddlers and small bladder capacity, and desire to urinate during deep sleep to wake up more possibilities.

Some children have a three-year deal with their bladder.Others have poor control of this function can be celebrated in five years.Most

of these problems disappear between the ages of six and ten years.

Emotional disturbances

and young children, and older children, bedwetting may continue due to the fact that parents are not hard to explain to them that we should wake up when I want to write.Sometimes the child has a profound irritation that causes them to rebel against their parents and continue to urinate in bed.It may also be a reaction to any external pressure (eg, at school) or a significant change in the family (for example, the birth of a second child).

physical or organic disorders

If bedwetting is accompanied by a day, then it is necessary to think that the child is suffering from a chronic disease of the bladder or other organic disease associated with the act of urination.

Evidence of this is the fact when a child under the age of four or five years reappears bedwetting, which seems to be left in the past.

Yes, of course, if the parents bedwetting continued in later childhood, then

children, probably, it will continue the same time.So be sure to find out what it is from their parents and the parents husband.

child whose parents take this for what it is, regardless of the night nederzhaPoka child is four years old, do not worry because bed-wetting, of course, in the absence of other disturbing symptoms.Parents in any case should not require much less accelerate or punish the child for it.Too much pressure may backfire and lead to emotional breakdown.During the medical examination the doctor can make recommendations as to promote the establishment of control over bladder activity.Implementation of these recommendations should be implemented wisely and tactfully.

first child to get up at night to urinate, and now began the night disorders of the bladder;

urine stream in a child is often irregular, urine is released drops or spray is very fine;

incontinence happens not only at night but during the day;

child is drinking too much liquid;

a child's rash around the genitals;

the baby constipation.

Seek immediate medical attention, if the child there is a pain, a burning sensation during urination, blood in the urine contains, bedwetting is accompanied by fever.Or if observed several of these symptoms.

of, has a better chance to quickly deal with this problem.In fact, pathological bedwetting runs by itself in 14% of cases - and this is mostly due to proper behavior understanding parents.

One way to show your love - to show positive persistence.For many children a good system of incentives.For example, the calendar marked with an asterisk for several nights in a row when the child does not wet the bed.And then rewarded for success.In no case do not punish a child!


to children who, after six years, there mochenederzhanie night, may be useful exercises to develop the muscles of the bladder for as long as the child reaches the age of eight or nine years.This procedure should be carried out together with the doctor, it is as follows.

parents several times a day, measure the volume of the child's urine.If the amount of urine for one urination more than 120 g, the child normal bladder capacity.If the container is less, the root of the problem - in this.

capacity of the bladder in a child is about 30 grams for each year of his life.Thus, normal bladder capacity at the six year old child 180-240 of the bladder This will ensure your child to abstain from urination throughout the night.

If it is determined that a child has a small bladder, the parent must ensure that the child at least once a day to hold urine for as long as possible before you urinate.

The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder of the bladder and urethra - the tube through which urine from the bladder comes out.Each kidney is supplied with blood from the renal artery.When blood passes through tiny tubules in the cortex and medulla of the kidneys, there is filtering waste and urine produced.The filtered blood flowing on the renal vein.

this procedure works best on many of the children when they come home from school or play.

When a child keeps the urine, it is necessary to ask to drink as much liquid as possible.The bladder is then filled and grow faster.

In order to help the child to establish a "new records" in urination delay, distract his attention to the conversation, games, television or other means.The idea is to help the child overcome the spasms of the bladder, which last an average of 10 seconds each, when cramps stop, the child can still hold for a while urinating.

If he can not hold back, he must urinate into a pot or a graduated vessel.

Within weeks write down how many grams of urine gave up the child after each exercise with urinary retention.Note also how many times during this time the child was bedwetting.Many parents notice that with increasing bladder capacity number of bed-wetting is reduced.

Alarm Clock with bedwetting

Some medical studies have shown that when parents and children cooperate well with the doctor, in 3/4 cases benefits Service.Now popular device requiring connection of the electrodes, powered by batteries, a baby bed.The electrodes are connected to an alarm clock, which raises the child when the bed becomes wet.If this device is used for several months, the child begins to wake up earlier and earlier during incontinence and eventually starts to rise while filling the bladder and not from alarm sound.

experts in this area is recommended to prepare the child for the night under the following conditions.

If the child is 8 years old, he should be instructed to install the Service (the parents check the device to make sure it is working properly).

Before going to bed, the child should urinate.Next to the bed is a flashlight or night light.Before going to bed, the child reminds himself that stop to urinate as soon as will ring alarm clock.When the alarm is working, the child should immediately go to the toilet and finish urinating.The child then has to go back, dry the device, including electrodes, and re-set the alarm.

This approach places greater responsibility on the child to monitor alarm.

sense of responsibility is very important - it helps the child to realize that no one controls them.

Some parents punish the child, limit their fluid intake in the evening or scold him.However, it is proved that these measures are useless.

doctor can advise on how to behave when their parents bedwetting in children how to conduct exercises to increase bladder capacity, or use the Service with enuresis.

If these methods do not work, your doctor may carry out medical treatment.A commonly used medication at night incontinence - hydrochloride, imipramine (Tofranil), which narrows the outlet of the bladder and the child wakes up when the bladder is filled.A high percentage of the resumption of night incontinence occurs when the appointment of the drug is stopped.Moreover, the drug may be dangerous in accidental overdose.If there is a suspicion of serious organic causes of the disease, the doctor will probably refer the child to a specialist, such as a urologist, and if at the heart of the problem are emotional disorders, is a psychiatrist.