Violation of pronunciation of sounds
Getting corrective zvukoproiznoshenija shortcomings, we must first find out what sounds the baby says, incorrectly, to establish what is the nature of their infringement: the child pronounces sounds properly or there is no sound, but it is replaced by another, or it can utter a sound in isolation, butin a speech he uses it is not always the case.The nature of the sound disturbances often depends on the choice of exercises to correct it.
natural that adults get used to the voice of their child and therefore can not ignore the shortcomings of pronouncing certain sounds, especially those at the hearing are not much different from spoken correctly.For example, difficult to see such a defect is distorted (throat) uttering the sound [p].Noticed a lack of this kind can be, if we compare their articulation, that is your own pronunciation of sound, with the pronunciation of the child.
When testing pay attention primarily on the correct pronunciation of sounds such as [w], [x], [h '], [u'] (sizzling group);[S] [
Often children do not say only one of some sound (for example, [p]) or the entire sound group (eg, hissing: [w], [x], [h '], [w']), sometimes justsounds [p] and [h '].
Usually the violation in the pronunciation of hard consonants (for example, the sound [p]) is accompanied by the wrong pronouncing his soft option ([p ']);pronunciation violation within the same phonetic group (for example, the sound [w] from the group sizzling) is often accompanied by the wrong pronunciation of other sounds of this group - [x], [h '], [u'].Therefore, when checking the sound [w] or sound [s] be sure to pay attention to what a child says other sounds in this group.
To identify what the child says the wrong sounds, listen as he reads a poem, a story or retell the story.To check zvukoproiznoshenija best use of special accounts, in which checks are the most common sounds.Quoted in this book are designed to assist you in this.The sounds that a child speaks incorrectly, check in a special notebook.
then correct pronunciation of sounds in words is checked: the child calls the objects shown in the pictures.Pick the image so that when naming objects depicted on them, checked the sounds were in different positions (beginning, middle and end of the word).Verified according to the sound should be represented as a solid, and in the soft option, as well as in combination with other consonants.To check the pronunciation of sounds [p] [p '];[L] [l '];[W], [x], [h '], [u'];[S] [s '], [s] [s'], [c] offer to pick up a set of pictures about: cancer, pyramid, ax, radish, cucumber, door, bed, bucket, grapes;a shovel, a tent, a woodpecker, lemon, stroller, spruce, dress, protein, cell;balls, car, pencil, hat, frog pitcher, beetles, giraffe, knife, watch, turtle, ball, bird, butterfly, bee, puppies, mites, bream;dog, beads, bus, hay, bike, goose, elephant, socks, pig, fence, vase, goat, zebra, newspaper, monkey, flower, soap dish, rabbit.
Notice whether all the words of the child incorrectly pronounces a particular sound;what is the nature of sound disturbances: the sound replaces another, omits or distorts it (if there is distortion of the sound, but the child says it is not enough clear and pure).
Finally, check that a child utters sound isolation.To do this, ask them to repeat the sound after you, he does not say in the speech or words.
Such verification is necessary to ensure that when correcting a wrong spoken sounds to choose such forms of work, which would help as soon as possible to save the child from zvukoproiznoshenija defects.So, if it lowers the sound [p] (pronounced like the word cow Koovi), you first need to call (get) the missing sound, and then secure it in syllables, words, and enter into it.
When pronouncing the sound is unstable (in some sound words pronounced correctly, and in others not) or when the child correctly pronounce sounds in isolation working on his production disappears.In these cases, you only need to specify the correct pronunciation of the sound, and then secure it in words and phrases.
When replacing the one sound to others besides training aimed at audio setting (reception of an isolated sound), consolidation and the introduction of it into it, it is necessary to simultaneously work on the distinction once again received sound and sounds that a child his place, that is, to differentiate it notonly in pronunciation, but also to the ear.For example, when sound replacing [w] sound [s] (Cosca instead of a cat) should be given a series of exercises aimed at, to teach the child to distinguish between these sounds.
When distorted sound utterance is necessary to develop such a situation organs of articulation apparatus that achieves the correct pronunciation of his, which is then fixed in syllables, words, and is introduced into it.
work to remedy the shortcomings of pronouncing sounds includes three main stages: preparatory exercises;statement (call) sound;securing sound in syllables, words, and its introduction into it.
Preparatory exercises.Before this exercise, you must find out whether the child can say this or that imitate the sound.To do this, ask them to play the roar of the motor due to incorrect pronunciation of the sound [p], the noise of the trees the leaves or the hiss of a snake at the wrong pronunciation of the sound [w], buzzing bug with incorrect pronunciation of the sound [w], etc.
Preparatory exercises are aimed at developing the child's correct perception of sound in the ear (the ability to distinguish correctly pronounced sound from wrong), to strengthen and improve the articulation apparatus muscle movements (play right movements of the tongue, lips, jaw), on the development of a strong air stream (for example, when pronouncing the sound [p] must be able to strongly blow air at the tip of the tongue to bring it into the vibrational state).
better be carried out preparatory work, the sooner the child will learn to correctly pronounce sounds.It is difficult to say how much time you will need for preparatory exercises.In some cases, three classes, in others a few weeks.It depends on the degree of mobility of the articulation muscle apparatus, of the state of the hearing the speech, and the individual characteristics of the child.
Statement (call) sound.To cause the child the correct sound, you must carefully examine the position of the organs of speech at normal sound utterance and how to elicit.To do this, sit down at the table, put a mirror in front and saying the most difficult sounds (hissing, whistling, resonant), look closely at what position take your lips, teeth and tongue.Remember this position.It is important to correct the defect, for the production of sound.Then plant a child in the mirror and ask him to say a particular sound.Look what position take his speech organs, compare the position and movement of the organs of speech at home.
main challenge now is to get the right sound isolated utterance.If you can cause the sound to imitate, then, passing the preparatory stage, you can immediately proceed with the consolidation of sound words and speech.
sound Securing and administering it in a speech.When the sound consolidation is necessary to observe a certain sequence.First, the sound is attached in the syllables, then words, and only later in the phrases.To fix the sounds in words, use pictures, which are in the names of practiced sounds.Again, the sound caused by the first should be secured in the following words, in which he is at the beginning, then at the end, and then in the middle.
Child enshrines the sound in speech, repeating for adults chistogovorki, tongue twisters and memorizing proverbs, sayings, riddles, little poems, saturated desired sound.For the introduction of sound in speech used retellings of fairy tales, drawing stories from the pictures.
The task of sound fixing part and the work of discernment again caused by the sound and the sound that is similar in articulation or sound, for example, [w] and [c], [f] and [s], [r] and [l] andetc.
Correction incorrectly uttered sounds -. it is a difficult task that requires effort and great effort on the part of both the child and adult.Getting Started, explain to your child the purpose of employment.The time it takes to fix the sound, depending on the nature of the breach, from preparedness articulation apparatus and varies from 2-3 weeks to 4 months.
Parents should be aware that the child is not always able to immediately carry out an assignment, give your tongue, lips position.Therefore it is impossible to demand from him the first time to perform a particular exercise or even more directly to utter the sound correctly.to remedy the defect work you need to be organized so that the kid himself sought as quickly as possible to get rid of its shortcomings.Anyone, even a small success achieved by the child, should be encouraged.
Here, for example, took classes on sound correction [p] in the family Asmolov:
«... We are engaged with his son at home every day.Patiently, persistently, stubbornly.He hit me with their perseverance, organization, during classes.I tried hard to interest him and encourage.The work turned into a game, the game became a joint our creativity.And what?Clear sound [p] came in a month, and two weeks later a speech therapist said more in its help, we do not need.
How do we work?We sat in front of a mirror - and the game began.First -razminka.We puffed, dudeli, growling, differently stretched his lips, blew, causing the dance in the air a piece of cotton or a piece of paper and giving various forms of language with the help of a spoon, chopsticks, or simply a finger until the language is not learned to submit to our will without any devices.Then the language turned into a bully, a traveler who was very curious and strove to reach all - to the chin, then to the tip of the nose, then let them explore the cheek.Almost every exercise we had his name amusing.
we then separate syllables uttered -Together and in turn, and saw to it that this happens to our faces, lips and tongues.Roles our changed frequently.Now I have not all turned out well, and the son of "taught" me to show how it should be done.
We decided to put a mark every day.The marks we set for each element separately.For example, during warm-up of each event, the names of which were discharged in a diary;when reading the letter combinations and words of each group or combinations of words for each column.At the end of the session we analyzed their success, compared with yesterday's mark and a grade for behavior and diligence.
day becomes more difficult the task of the day of general relativity.We had to read the words and sentences, little tales from the book of LP and MB Assumption Assumption "Learn to speak correctly", to retell old stories and compose the pictures. They began to seek out the words themselves for training. And sounded in our favorite exercises namesanimals, names of favorite characters of fairy tales, the names of interested professions son.
choosing words yourself, Kostya could then repeat them endlessly and they "earned" most of their stars.And so it was to bring him to that to look up words included all the necessary training for combinations of letters.
read tales from the book was boring.That compose her the pictures - it's fun!
tales that son wrote the pictures, he liked to dictate to me.Make sure that as I write them down, and then with great pleasure repeatedly uttered aloud,
really trying to pronounce all the words clearly and correctly.The task was always one in front of him to use as many words as possible with the sound [p].
We began to play the sound [p] everywhere.Taking a walk, we constantly composing all sorts of "roaring" and "rumbling" stories and fairy tales.Then he switched to poems.
One day while walking in Sokolniki son with little help from me composed heroic "epic" about myself and about the eagle. He was very excited, his cheeks were burning and her eyes were shining. The man worked! Corrects and teach it while I tried smaller,fearing to bring down the mood. the story turned out pretty long, as well as a walk. I it was immediately forgotten. But when we came home, the son began to recall certain pieces of our opus and then asked me to write it down, without changing a word.
Hereso tortured by the sound [p] became a holiday and training gave quick results. it was so good, and it is interesting that we now like to think about how to overcome by the sound [p]. »
Sport corrective sounds should be carried out systematicallypreferably 2 times a day (morning and evening) for 5-10 minutes. depending on the type of training time can be increased or reduced. Thus, the introduction of sound in speech when the child is invited to retell stories or compose their paintings, lessons canlast 15-20 minutes.
If a child speaks incorrectly multiple sounds, then you first need to correct those who had obtained the best.
Move from one exercise to another should be clear only after mastering the previous exercise.
Correcting deficiencies pronunciation sibilant sounds from, to, s, bond c
With proper pronunciation of the sound [s] lips slightly drawn back, as if the smile, the teeth are close together and leave a gap of 1 mm.The tip of the tongue closer to the lower incisors slightly
As for the front teeth.The sides of the tongue pressed against the upper molars.language middle groove is formed, through which must pass a strong air jet.
sound [s] formed as a sound [s], but unlike it is pronounced with the participation of the voices.
When pronouncing the sounds [s '], [s'] average of the tongue back slightly elevated.
When pronouncing the sounds [s] ([s ']), [z] ([s']) on the back of the hand, - badged to his mouth, felt the cold air output stream.
Sound [n] is formed by rapid uttering of sounds [t] and [c ] ([n]).The position of the lips and the teeth the same as in the sound utterance [c].With the proper pronunciation of the sound [u] tip of the tongue rests against the lower incisors, as in the pronunciation of the sound [s].Simultaneously curved back of the tongue touches the upper alveoli (cell, which includes the roots of teeth).After touching back of the tongue is lowered to the position occupied when pronouncing the sound [s] through the crack in the middle of the language extends air jet.
sound [u] is pronounced without voice.
Incorrect pronunciation of the sounds [s] [s '], [s] [s'], [i] often expressed in a distorted them utterance.This language can take the most diverse positions.In some cases, the tip of the tongue slips between the teeth, in others it rests on the edges of the upper and lower incisors, thus creating a barrier to the free air outlet.Sometimes language can lay edge, and then the air jet will take place not on the middle line of the language, and on each side, why you hear unpleasant to the ear, "squishing" sound.
child can replace the sounds [s] [s] indistinct sounds [w], [x] (Stoll instead of table zhamok instead of locking) or pronounce them more easing (Seok instead of juice, zyayka instead of the hare), replace the sound [u] most of the sound [s] (syplenok instead of chicken), at least the sound [h '] (Chaplya instead heron).
In the absence of sound [s] [h] [i], by replacing them with other sounds in the first place try to call them by imitation.Encourage your child to pump up a bicycle tire pump (s-s-s ...), to simulate the flight of a mosquito, that is to say a prolonged sound [s], to reassure the doll, that is, pronounce the sound [n].If the sound can not cause, show your child, what position take lip (stretched into a smile), the language (language to make a wide groove in the middle), and a long, say the sound [s] or [z].Showing articulation (lip position, teeth, tongue) must be carried out before a mirror.
If imitation sound call fails, it is necessary to carry out preparatory exercises aimed at developing the desired position articulation device, the ability to form a groove in the middle language.To do this, ask your child to smile so that all could see the teeth (stretching of the lips), and keep the lips in this position for some time;when stretched lips to stick his tongue sprawled out and blow on the tip of the tongue.
Sometimes a child can do in the middle of the gutter language.