organs of vision are the eyes that the embryo develops in the form of two protruding "kidneys" of the brain.For visual "vocabulary" is formed from the birth of the child.The eyeball has a complex structure and consists of three layers: the sclera, visible as the white part of the eye;choroid, rich in blood vessels that feed the sensitive inner lining of the eyeball;retina containing light-sensitive nerve cells that catch the image and transmit it to the I the optic nerve to the brain.It is in the brain, these images are decoded and create |give visual perception.
any eye injury should be treated with special attention and care.If I you are having any water j ask or doubt, the best I show the child to the doctor - the danger is too great.Foreign body should be removed from the eye, as the threat of an eye infection there, and even loss of vision.
Be extremely careful, if a child is injured as a result of J's eyes strike a metal object on the other.In this case, the eyeball!could get small particles of m
In some circumstances, you can independently carry out the treatment of the damaged eye.If the dimensions are small foreign body, such as, for example, sand grains, and it has got into the eye without high acceleration, can often feel its presence ■ in the eye even when it is no longer one.Small round particles] (sand) I rarely linger under the upper eyelid for a long time.
If there is a feeling that is present in the eye of the foreign body, but in fact it has no means damaged corneas.Moderate damage
cornea is quite fast and leave no trace;with serious injuries require medical attention.
Eye pain - a rare symptom;it signals a serious infection of the eye (iritis or a serious herpes virus infection).In case the child should see a doctor.
Be careful.The water in this case is the first and best means.Wash the baby's eyes.Examine the eye, let you do this will help someone else.Carry out a survey in good light, the light shines on the eye and the side and front.Pay particular attention to the cornea, the thin membrane that covers the colored part of the eye.Do not rub your eyes, if my eye foreign body, you can damage the cornea.Eye lotions help reduce pain;they should
do for 24 hours or even less.Lotions are made of gauze, firmly pressing them to the damaged area.Check the sight of the child on a daily basis and compare the level of visual acuity in both eyes.As soon as there is any suspicion, consult a doctor.
The doctor will check the child's vision, conduct eye examinations and the area under the upper eyelid;this is not a painful procedure.Typically, the eye instilled fluorescent substance, whereupon the eyes examined in the ultraviolet.Such a procedure is not dangerous and is completely painless.
If the eye is detected foreign body, the doctor will remove it with a cotton ball, ophthalmic solution, a small needle or with a special eye scraper.If you got a metallic foreign body,
doctor uses a strong magnet to remove it in the eye.If all these measures will not be enough, the child will be referred to an ophthalmologist (surgeon dealing with eye injuries).In some cases, the doctor may recommend an ointment containing an antibiotic.If a foreign body got into the eyeball, prescribe X-rays.With the development of iritis, the doctor will recommend eye drops containing steroids, as well as drops, extending the pupil.
Foreign bodies in
in the eye can get grits, cilia, gnats and so on. D. The victim should always blink, while a foreign body tightened to the inner edge of the eye and it will be easier to push.
Place the child on a chair, let him toss his head back, turn, pull down the upper and lower eyelids, and the child should first look up and then down.Consider a foreign body, remove it with the tip of a clean handkerchief.If you do not find anything, ask
child to look down while you inspect the upper eyelid.
If a child hurt his eyes examine both eyes to make sure that they do not have a foreign body.
Remove foreign body clean handkerchief or bandage sterile, pre-moistened with water.Proceed very carefully, so as not to damage the cornea.
eye should be inspected by giving him the light.If the foreign body is located on the protein, it is removed by gently sliding area clean handkerchief or a sterile gauze, which are pre-moistened.
fluid in the eye
most chemicals (alcohol and hydrocarbons) cause a temporary burning and irritation of the surface, however, various acids contained in household chemicals, and alkali upon contact with the eye can cause serious damage.cornea.
To prevent corneal damage must be immediately and thoroughly wash the affected eye under running water.Washing must be done as quickly as possible.
For this child is placed face down under a stream of running water, or placed it on the back, slightly turning her head and eyes constantly watered with warm water.In
the washing need to remain open forever.For most chemicals sufficiently washing 5 minutes, acid washed for 10 minutes, and alkali -20 minutes.
After you wash your eyes with water, cover with a wet cotton cloth and with this patch immediately go to the doctor.The bandage will not allow the child to rub the eye and ease the pain.