Minerals for Kids

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Feeding Children

Like vitamins, minerals your baby's body needs only in very small quantities.Minerals fall in power from the soil products, and seafood from the ocean.Calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, the big three minerals to help build strong bones.Iron and copper are involved in blood formation.Sodium and potassium (called electrolytes) regulate water balance.Worthy of mention and respectful smaller mineral family members, called microcells, which help the body to function properly: iodine, manganese, chromium, cobalt, fluorine, molybdenum, selenium and zinc.Minerals found in the same foods as vitamins.Deficiency of these minerals is rare, except iron.The most important minerals are iron, sodium (salt) and calcium.Here are the facts about iron and sodium.

Iron: why it is necessary to infants

Iron is an important mineral required for normal functioning of all the vital organs.The main area of ​​application is the construction of the body of hemoglobin, the substance contained in red blood cells and transporting

oxygen.During routine inspection, usually between nine and fifteen months, the doctor can check the level of hemoglobin in your baby, taking a drop of blood from a finger.Normal hemoglobin infants typically varies from eleven to thirteen grams.If the hemoglobin is less than eleven, the child is diagnosed with anemia.If the cause is inadequate intake of iron, this condition is called jelly-zodefitsitnoy anemia.Signs and symptoms of this disease are

irritability, growth retardation, loss of appetite, fatigue and general pallor, especially noticeable on the earlobes, lips and under the fingernails.

To understand how your child may have an iron deficiency, let's go after this mineral for the body.During the stay of the child in the womb of the mother supplies him with a huge amount of excess iron is stored in the tissues of the organism and in the hemoglobin of red blood cells.(While the children born at term, are born with a large margin of reserve of iron stored in their bodies, preterm infants need iron supplements from birth.) When old red blood cells finish their life and removed from the body, most of theiron is reused for new blood cells.When all of the available iron in blood spent iron storage in the body portions give iron sufficient to maintain hemoglobin in the blood at normal levels.If dietary iron comes on, the store emptied by the age of six months.That's why you need to start giving the child breast milk is rich in iron, be it breast milk or iron-fortified synthetic mixture, starting from birth or at least a couple of months after birth.

Here are some guidelines on how to avoid iron deficiency.

breastfeed for as long as you can.Particular iron contained in your milk, has a high biological activity, so 50-75% of the digestible, whereas other products such as flakes or iron-fortified infant formula, baby in your blood falls only 4-10% iron.Analyses carried out at the age of four to six weeks, showed that children receiving breastfeeding, hemoglobin levels higher than in children receiving iron-fortified infant formula.

Do not give cow's milk to infants, children, limit its consumption by up to two years. Cow's milk (very poor iron) should not be given as a drink to children under one year.Besides the fact that this is a very poor source of iron, excessive consumption of cow's milk can lead to irritation of the mucous membrane lining the gut of your child, causing a small iron loss for a long period of time, further exacerbating-zhelezodefi-deficient anemia.Also, limit the consumption of milk a child under two years of 700 milliliters per day.

If artificial feeding mixture, use iron fortified. Let your child iron-enriched mixture, preferably starting at birth, but it is possible to start and with a minimum of four months.Continue giving iron-rich mixture to at least a year, or until your child does not appear complete alternative sources of iron.

Combine foods wisely.

Some foods contribute to the absorption of iron, while others inhibit it.Solid food along with breast milk or right after breastfeeding can reduce the absorption of iron from the value of breast milk.For this reason, if your child has a deficiency of iron, stands between breastfeeding and solid food for at least twenty minutes.Here are a few iron helpers: foods that contain vitamin C (fruits and juices), improves the absorption of iron and iron-rich foods, such as meat.Fish, poultry, meat and vitamin C increases the absorption of iron from other foods.Orange juice to accompany a meal, is able to double the amount of iron assimilated food.If you zapet milk or eat a meal with her dairy products, this can reduce the amount of assimilated from other iron products more than half.Nutritionists believe that the protein products of animal origin contain "meat factor", which enhances the absorption of iron from vegetables, eaten at the same time on me best sources of iron

Iron-rich foods in descending order: Breast milk

iron-fortified artificial infant formula

iron-fortified cereal cereals

Oysters Clem

Offal: liver, red meat Pork Lamb Poultry Fish

black cane molasses seeds (crushed): sunflower, pumpkin

need for iron: babies and children need about 1.1 milligrams of iron per1 kg of body weight per day.

catfish.Best friends, helping each other, are meat and vitamin C rich foods eaten at the same time, during one meal.For example, spaghetti with tomato and meat sauce, meatballs with a salad of fresh cabbage, sausage and orange juice.Another combination will be fruits and iron-fortified cereals.

Remember that not all of the same hardware. Best of all human intestine to absorb iron from meat, and the meat is redder, the better iron.Because red meat can be assimilated to 20% iron, while from plant and vegetable sources is assimilated only 5%.

Do not rely on "paper metal". Some foods rich in iron on paper, but have very little value when ingested.In these products, the iron has such strong links with other elements of that in the intestine to digest it only in small quantities, although the label on the can says that the product is rich in iron.Well-known examples of foods rich in iron, which practically does not penetrate beyond the bowel, are spinach and egg yolk.

Bypass salt side

balance in the body of salt, which includes sodium, is very important.If its amount

exactly equal to the norm - it is good, if there is too much or too little - is bad.Cells and tissues throughout the body is washed with water, and the salt is responsible for maintaining the body's normal water.Kidneys are masters, and the regulation of the salt concentration in the water body.If the body receives too much salt, left kidney and additional water to dissolve the salt.The accumulation of excessive amounts of water, which show swollen eyelids and swollen ankles, called edema.When the body loses too much salt,

like diarrhea, the body loses salt along with additional water, which leads to dehydration.

Sol has the nature of virtually all products.If castors are forever lost, your child does not suffer from the deficiency of sodium.But he may suffer from excess salt.As in the case of cholesterol, there is a dependency between excess salt in childhood and heart disease in old age.But there is no way to predict who is set to rise in the future caused by the salt of heart disease.Do not lean on each child sentenced salt to high blood pressure later.

To reduce your child's cravings for salt, try to resort to these tips to reduce the amount of salt.

Prevent addiction to salt.

Young children love salt.Reducing the amount of salt added to the children's meals, provides a transition to a lower level of taste preferences for salt.

Give your child milk "low in salt". Breastfeed for as long as possible.Human milk is three times less salt than in the cow, and a few less salt than most artificial infant formula.

Beware salt cans.In the process of canning foods lose so much flavor that you want to add a lot of salt to restore their taste.A soup of the bank, for example, can contain three times more than the recommended daily rate of salt intake for a child.Fresh foods retain more natural flavor.Prepare food with fresh ingredients, especially vegetables.Add natural flavor enhancers such as spices and lemon juice is more useful than the dishes sprinkled with salt.Teach your child to unsalted crackers and popcorn.

Beware of salt in fast foods.

In packaged cooked breakfasts and meals offered by fast-food establishments, often add a lot of salt to make the young taste buds demand more and more.

Remove the salt shaker from sight.More

before to try the dish, some people sprinkle salt, food, performing it is almost like a ritual, and children tend to repeat for adults with this habit.If you keep the salt shaker in the kitchen cupboard or on the stove, and not on the table, and add a pinch of salt while cooking meals, if necessary, you can give your child's heart a few extra years of life.

How to feed a healthy heart

Breastfeed

Do not add salt at the table (or

add at least)

Avoid excess fat

Prevent obesity in breast

age

Instill your child healthy

habits

Encourage physical activity

Do not smoke while children