Features various sports

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Child Health

Athletic Sports

Sports attracted by its high spirit of competition, but to enter into the sports elite and become a professional, you have to have a child to begin to engage in sports.Kids playing tennis and football or do gymnastics, a lot, so "flat out" they have more than adults.Physical activity during the long and hard training, held almost daily, the psychological pressure on children may lead to their complex problems.The children involved in athletic sports, individual training program and the requirements for their preparation are often almost on the brink of their capacity;except for physical activity, and they have a strong psychological pressure.Often it seems that the coach had forgotten that before him - children who want to play with their peers.Sometimes they have to worry about this, what appears to be an adult and can not do.

In individual sports, where it is necessary to overcome himself, strong psychological stress.

Skiing Ski - is a fascinating sport, but quite traumatic.Before

opening the ski season, it is advisable to strengthen the muscles, especially the legs, pelvis and buttocks.It is also advisable before you get to ski, do a warm-up - warming up and stretching.In addition, the equipment should be comfortable, appropriate to the age and the physical data of the child, because it is the best way to avoid common skiing injuries of bones, muscles and joints.

To avoid injuries in classical skiing, it is recommended to strengthen the legs and trunk muscles, so they do not rebooted since the beginning of the ski season.To do this, it recommended exercises that stimulate the contraction of the gluteal four- and triceps, abdominal and lumbar muscles.Most of these exercises can be done at home, because it does not require any gymnastic equipment or management coach.

other exercises usually involved in school physical education classes, and these exercises also need to be repeated at home.Among the exercises to strengthen the legs, which can be done at home, the most useful - squatting jumps (squat and jump as high as possible).

easy to carry and exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles in different ways: leaned forward and sideways, legs are closed or at shoulder width.It is important not to overdo it, to engage in frequent, but little by little, for example to perform 10-12 slopes or jumps and within 2-5 minutes of rest, then repeat.

Skiing in appropriate clothing - this is the first guarantee against accidents, which sometimes lead to serious consequences.We should not forget about hypothermia and frostbite.

Comfortable equipment

• Equipment for skiing should correspond to the child's age, his physique and experience.

length of skis and ski poles are determined taking into account the child's height and his physical capabilities.

clothes should fit the weather: cap, gloves, sports pants, a sweater and a windbreaker, but should not hamper movement.We also need sunglasses to protect his eyes from the glare on the snow.

Boots - one of the main pieces of equipment.They pick up on the child's leg so high that they covered the ankle and, in addition, consistent with the attachments, which, in turn, must not interfere with the release of the legs in the event of a fall.

safety on the track

necessary to help the child properly dressed and put on your skis, explaining what each item is useful.

recommended that children ride itself, but under the supervision of an adult who needs to behave in such a way that the child realized that you can fall.

Beginners should move along the track, designed just for them.

Do not forget about supercooling: put the baby warm and grab a warm drink.

term "hypothermia" denotes a condition in which the body temperature is below normal, t. E. Less than 36 ° C. This is possible after a long exposure to extreme cold.Hypothermia is common in children due to the fact that the surface of the body is relatively large in comparison with the mass and metabolism, and in most malenkih- due to imperfect heat generation mechanisms.

first sign gipotermii- vasoconstriction;the skin becomes cyanotic lips and fingertips - a whitish-blue, there may be cramps, chills and goose bumps.The first thing to do in this case, carry out the baby with the cold, wrap it well and cook hot, 38-40 ° C bath to give a hot drink.If necessary, consult a doctor.

Practical advice

Sun protection

Skiing, do not forget about protection from solar radiation, because the snow is like a mirror, reflecting the sun's ultraviolet rays.

glasses should have anti-UV filters, are sometimes required points with the outset.

- lubricate the skin an effective barrier cream.

Useful strip with filters, which protect the lips, not only from the sun but also from wind and cold.

most common injuries

The most common injuries in skiing is:


damage muscles, soft tissue and joints;

* fractures.

most characteristic damage - stretching lateral ligament of the knee;including soft tissue injuries often occur inflammation of the Achilles tendon, vyznat pressure shoe, torn ligaments of the thumb due to pressure sticks.Most often there is a fracture of the tibia at the boot edge.


It's a great sport for everyone, even for people with paralyzed lower limbs.Doctors often recommend this kind of sport, as for employment does not require special equipment.Children can start to swim as soon as they turn a few months, of course, with the help of specially trained coaches.

most common injuries and illnesses

Joints most commonly affected joints are experiencing the greatest load at different ways of navigation, - the shoulder and knee."The shoulder of the swimmer" and "knee swimmer butterfly stroke" - the result of the repetition of the same movement, which affects the same muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints.In diseases known as "swimmer's shoulder" and "knee of the swimmer" in the former case the pain is caused by an overload tendons Supraspinous shoulder muscles, in the second - a constant load on the internal lateral ligament of the knee.The main symptom - pain in the injured site.To prevent disease, it is necessary to strengthen the leg muscles and warm up muscles beforehand.


In swimming breath occurs at the moment when the swimmer's head is above the water, and the air quickly inhaled through the mouth, head back

immersed in water, thus reducing to a minimum the surface friction, which increases swim speed.Synchronicity between muscle movements that are characteristic for each style, and the act of breathing should be worked out as carefully as possible, so as not to swallow the water and to reduce the rhythm of hand movements.

Possession breathing technique - a prerequisite in swimming.But to achieve the full sweep of synchronicity between breath and - a difficult task that requires a long and hard training, especially if you want to successfully engage in this sport.

Problems with the eyes are common in swimmers because of the chemicals commonly used to purify water.Usually this irritation, inflammation and benign infections of the cornea or conjunctiva.Treatment

- eye drops prepared in saline, and in special cases containing anti-inflammatory agents and antibiotics.

To prevent such disorders should use glasses, created specifically for swimmers;in some models and lenses protect the eyes from ultraviolet radiation, so the glasses are very useful in the outdoor pool and the sea.They are fastened around the head with an elastic band and a well adjacent to the eyes.Furthermore, it is possible to adjust the distance between the panes and that they do not come into contact with the eyes.In swimming

problems with hearing organs are in direct contact with water.The most common inflammation of the external auditory canal due to ingress of water, while the level of water contamination is not significant.The danger of this infection, though not serious, is that it could happen again, causing otitis media and other complications requiring intervention of a physician, and treatment with antibiotics.

To prevent disease, it is recommended to use "earplugs" (earplugs) and carefully wipe the ear after swimming, avoiding soaking the surface of cells due to the accumulation of moisture.

Another problem is possible in connection with the immersion in cold sea water - the impact of cold water maze (organ located in the inner ear, whose function is to maintain the balance) may cause dizziness, loss of balance, and nausea.A child without an adult is not recommended to swim in the sea and swim away from the shore, even if he is a good swimmer.

And in the pool and in open water for the kids need constant adult supervision.

Football Football - the king of sports, especially popular in European countries.Many people play football, but more of those who loved him.In boys it is one of the first sports.First, a child playing alone, then - in the company.One of the first toys that give a child - the ball and the first sport that, as if playing, become involved in - football.

form young footballer necessarily of the same color as the shirt of their favorite team - a symbol of courage and perseverance for the boys.However, engaging in football without proper physical preparation, without regular exercise and not doing specific exercise, you can get seriously injured.

Using "earplugs" can prevent the emergence of an infection in the outer ear canal.

We must carefully wipe the ears and the outer part of the ear canal: this will help to avoid infections.

To prevent irritation and inflammation of the eyes, we recommend to wear special goggles.

Eye drops help prevent eye infections, but sometimes you need a drop of anti-inflammatory or prepared on the basis of antibiotics.

«Earplugs" not only well drain the ear canal, but also perfectly protect the ear from infection.

Comfortable equipment

for the game of football requires special shoes - boots.The boots are made of durable and lightweight material, they should be neither very high, so as not to damage the Achilles tendon, or very low, so as not to leave without protection ankle.

on foot material must be strong and flexible, language lined.

spikes for football boots removable, their number and length change to how you can better adapt to the features of the playing field (ground, grass, dirt, and so on. D.).

If the field surface is dry and solid spikes should be short and flexible, their number more than six.In complex or muddy surfaces the number of studs is the same, but they are long and hard.

most common injuries

most common injuries of football players - sprains and strains.Less incidence of fractures and head injuries, as well as the defeat of the adductors.

adductor muscle is on the inside and outside of the thigh.During a game of football it is overloaded, when the foot makes the forced movement, hitting the ball with the inside of the foot, and when trying to

avoid a collision with the enemy, sharply thrown sideways.The main symptom of disorders causing muscle - pain, while the victim can hardly cross his legs.The best remedy - ice and rest.However, this complication can be prevented.Sports doctors recommend exercise to warm up before the start of the adductors.


basketball more and more begin to play pre-school children.

game of basketball technique involves a series of movements: running, jumping, lunges (lateral movement), which can lead to injury.Players are constantly in contact, can cause each other blows.A great risk of dislocation and fractures.Most often, the basketball players hurt ankle, knee and spine.

Comfortable equipment

A variety of techniques in the game of basketball makes very high demands placed on the shoe.It is not enough suitable shoes may cause ankle sprain basketball and ankles and even rupture of lateral ankle ligaments (with some movements), as well as inflammation of the Achilles tendon, bone microfracture feet and muscle overload.

to shoes

requirements • The sole should be stripped.The ribbing facilitates jogging, lunges and quick change of direction.

circular ribbing on the sole metatarsal level makes it easier to change directions, giving excellent support.

• The thickness of the "barrel" shoes must be capable of loading depreciation when jumping and running, they must be made of durable material, to maintain the stability of the heel and ankle.

side mounting should be just below the ankle, so as not to hurt her.

most common injuries

Players basketball common injury - a ligament sprains and fractures, muscle overload, tendonitis.

often occurs torn meniscus in thigh muscles affected primarily especially adductors, it being possible as a simple tensile fibers and muscle rupture.

Due to repetitive microtrauma compression of the intervertebral disc can occur when jumping and experience back pain caused by congestion, which is necessary to maintain the vertebral column.In all of these cases, to reduce pain and inflammation need to apply ice to the affected area

and try not to move, and then consult a specialist who prescribed the treatment.

Regular exercise, a good warm-up muscles and stretching exercises - the best guarantee against injuries.


From a medical point of view, the big tennis - this is the sport that is recommended at any age, because it combines the physical endurance at a high speed response movements.Moreover, tennis lessons require good technical and tactical data and speed of decision-making.

for all sports with a racket, like other sports, requires good physical preparation.To do this, first of all recommended, especially in the game of tennis, jogging 2-3 times a week to increase your stamina, and a series of exercises that increase the ability to react fast movements: jumping and running fast.

few simple exercises for stretching muscles in the neck, shoulders, arms, legs and feet are in a short time to prepare for tennis games.

Physical training is complemented by classes in other sports (eg, swimming), which increases endurance.

most common injuries

If tennis lessons in early childhood trauma are rare, because the kids have not woken spirit of competitiveness.But as the child grows, and increases the risk of injury, which helps prevent a good physical fitness, regular exercise, improved technology, the appropriate equipment, a good warm up muscles before the game and periodic medical examinations.

Also possible musculoskeletal disorders due to overload disease classical tennis players is the "tennis elbow."Elbow - complex joint consisting of three bones, numerous ligaments and muscles with the corresponding tendons and joint capsule.

The main feature of the disease - chronic pain in the elbow and forearm.

prevent the development of "tennis elbow" good technique and lack of congestion in this joint.

Comfortable equipment

choice of shoes and rackets

racket and sneakers - the basic elements of tennis equipment, so they should be chosen carefully, taking into account the physical characteristics of each child.