founders of scientific communism of Marx and Engels rightly believed that physical education - an integral part of the comprehensive training of the proletariat in the revolutionary struggle, has repeatedly stressed the need for regular body of the child hardening from the very first years of life, or at least in the early school age.Timely begun physical training Engels considered the basis, the foundation of good physical fitness of every young person."Is not it better to systematically and thoroughly teach freestyle gymnastics and exercises on gymnastic apparatus pupils of all classes, - he wrote - as long as their members have not yet lost their elasticity and flexibility, than to fight, as they do now on their twenties guys in the sweat of their faces- and his own - trying in vain to recover their bones, muscles and ligaments, rough from work, previous mobility and flexibility »
benefits of physical culture and sports is well known - it is confirmed by people of different ages and professions.It se
At the same time in the three-fifths of secondary schools students - eighth graders asked to answer the same question: what kind of people they like what they see in them the most valuable to you?The vast majority of young people, especially high school students, among the positive qualities in the first place put forward a strong-willed - determination, the courage, the ability to persevere their goals, overcome difficulties.
To some extent, narrow-beam, but has affected many school surveys clearly revealed the ideal that young people seeks to emulate.That is why, in our opinion, the boys eagerly engaged in self-education - are hoping eventually to develop the will.Will and again will!Apparently, intuitively feel: at their age you have to be resolute, harder.
And imagine, this is true.Let's take a little closer look at the behavior of his son, his classmates.Very soon found out: teenagers (and younger and older students) are very often disorganized, easily succumb to the difficulties relatively quickly amenable to others' influence, although it would seem, on any matter yesterday had their own, the prevailing opinion.
We certainly do not deny that not all teenagers are the same - some guys have a good beginning of a strong-willed.However, we repeat, it is inherent only a few children.In the bulk of their peers volitional processes rather mild.And here the situation does not improve, even acceleration, which is now like in some places to refer.On the other hand, with accelerated physical and mental development to a certain extent more noticeable lag in the strong-willed teenagers quenching.No wonder the boys sometimes try to acquire its methods, with which one can hardly agree:.. Try to tolerate deliberately inflict pain to themselves, walk barefoot in the snow, arrange a hunger strike, etc.
It's time to intervene us, parents.Tactfully advice: do not be better to enter into your daily routine mandatory set of physical exercises, special training?In order to better understand their importance, necessity, let's at least get acquainted with fragments of statistical data.
Results of studies of hygienists and physiologists are not optimistic: practically healthy, we are now only about 70 percent of students.The rest of the guys there are certain deviations from the norm.Another ugly picture in the area of physical development: more than 70 per cent of boys and girls in urban areas are physically inactive, that is, have a painful or premorbid functional changes.
Unfortunately, this tendency is growing.If the first half of the 70s the number of schoolchildren who are overweight reached 12 per cent, they become 20-22 per cent in 1986.A weight gain against the norm by 15 percent entails a number of functional changes.In particular, decreased activity and performance of the central nervous system.Every fifth student in grades 7-8 is marked fatigue.
little exercise adversely affects the vision.Almost every high school graduate reduced sharpness of vision.The main reason - the MDRI, the weakening of the eye muscles, which in turn is related to the general condition.For the physically strong, healthy children is usually a lack of almost typical.
staff Helmholtz Institute conducted a study in the Far North, where deterioration of vision is especially common.It turned out, not all depends on the climate, on the duration of daylight.In schools with a properly organized physical education the proportion of disease is much less.Specialists advised to make greater use of the schoolyard playgrounds, gyms, often organize sports and military-sports games on the air, to reduce the notorious "rest" at the TV.
last recommendation, you see, refers not to the school.Before our eyes, literally Television attracts children.So, here the main word for us parents: uncontrolled sitting in front of TV screens for hours in a row causes only harm the child.Dear fathers and mothers, try to captivate the son or daughter some interesting occupation, taking into account, of course, their individual inclinations!
And why, in fact, physical development begins?Suppose you do not seem banal familiar to hearing the answer: the physical charge.No wonder experts are unanimous in their opinion on the mandatory morning hygienic gymnastics.And in any weather - in the open air.Then the hardening of the body is organically combined with the strengthening of strong-willed qualities.For example, the street is cool, you'll want to soak in a warm bed.But it is necessary to overcome itself, to get up, get dressed quickly, ran into the street.In 20-30 minutes you get home cheerful, cheerful, with a blush on the cheeks.And so every day.
Sometimes we completely lose sight that it is not indifferent to the child when it will join it to the physical culture and sport.It is necessary to delay a little bit, and many would be irretrievably lost.Speed and agility, for example, optimally grow up to 12-13 years.Subsequently, our children will not be able to ensure that they are able to buy, if not to miss the opportune moment.Systematically develop strength, endurance experienced Methodists, not without reason advised in 14-16 years, although gradually form these qualities should be of course much earlier - in the course of games, fun activities, etc.
When organizing training children it is important to carefully select the exercises...Since each of them develops several physical qualities, you should first determine their predominant focus on improving one or another character.Relevant recommendations can be found in books by L. Dudarev and I. And, Putivl "Train yourself" (Kyiv, 1986), SA Polievsky, EP Hooke "Physical education and tempering in the family" (Moscow, 1984).
How accumulated power?Most often practiced by repeated lifting of gravity, as well as the so-called method of dynamic forces, which require jumping and throwing motion.Quiet, three-dimensional, by definition, trainers, classes are very effective for the growth of muscle tissue.The guys improved metabolism.
And one more thing: it is advisable to include strength exercises at the end of the main part of each session.
for strength development is very useful, of course, dumbbells.Initially, their mass must be equal to 50 percent of the weight of the optimal (for the optimum taken that which can be raised from 8 to 10 times without straining).During training, many children increase the mass of up to eighty percent of optimal, try to lift such weights 4-6 times, sometimes even 8 times.
Exercises that develop fast, executed, as a rule, series and usually at the beginning of classes.The intervals between repetitions of the exercises are determined in each case individually to recover children ..
In recent years there have been a lot of literature, from which you can pick up a set of exercises for almost all age groups of children.Therefore, we do not set out here what else complexes.Let us state a few thoughts.
Let's start with the training of endurance.Who among us has not experienced a white envy for people who can work for a long time without tiring?The special exercises designed for the formation, consolidation of these skills, your son is best to start with the 16 years.Why?It is known that any long-term work requires significant energy costs, and the children they are going to ensure the growth of the organism.Therefore, for teenagers up to 16 years, the volume of loads, by which develops endurance, provides not very high.We call
exemplary exercise to facilitate the acquisition of endurance (in integrated training, it is desirable to perform them at the end of the main part of the activity):
walking at an average pace;
long walking and jogging at a slow pace;
motocross race in the variable rate (300-1000 meters);
movement on skis in a slow, average and variable rate (depending on age);
rowing, skating, cycling;
If physical education and sports, we have noted above, are part of everyday family life, our children are not only fast, strong, enduring, but agile, flexible.a small amount of exercise is used to develop dexterity and flexibility chosen, of course, taking into account the child's readiness.But the feature that every day they have to be repeated frequently, it is best in the morning exercises.
Sample exercises for the development of agility (speed of movement combined with their precision): juggling tennis balls;all kinds of flip-flops (back and forth in the grouping, sideways);
jumping rope (one, two legs, with crossed hands in front);outdoor games;
sports games (volleyball, basketball, football, table tennis).
Sample exercises to develop flexibility:
from a standing position (sitting) tilts forward, the legs do not bend;However, with the weights;
in different positions lunge (forward, backward, sideways) stretch in the knee and hip joints;However, with the weights;
from a prone position to make a "bridge";mahovye kicking movements (forward, backward, sideways) with a maximum amplitude;
sitting on his heels, bend back, trying to touch the floor with his head.
Each workout rather each session, organized for the children, the form has to approach the lesson of physical culture: include three parts a total duration of 20 to 60 minutes.
1. Preparation of the last 6-15 minutes.Its purpose - to warm-up, special exercises, walking, light jogging to prepare the body for upcoming physical exertion.
2. The main part (12-40 minutes) combines exercise, directly developing the necessary physical qualities.
3. The final part covers the most minimum time: 2 to 5 minutes, during which the body is in a relatively quiet state.As a general rule, apply a slow walk with breathing exercises, relaxing movements and so on. D.