Dyskinesia of the colon
functional disorder of the colon is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system, components, according to different authors, from 30 to 70% in the structure of diseases of the stomach and colon.Characterized by its violation of motor function in the absence of organic changes.There are many causes of colon dyskinesia both internal (endogenous) and external (exogenous).The development of the disease are important factors such as family history (constipation, vegetodistonii, metabolic and endocrine disorders), transferred in the first months of life, acute intestinal infections, early transfer to artificial feeding, food allergies, dietary errors (use of refined, refined products, deficitplant fiber), hemorrhoids, anal fissures, taking certain medications (anesthetics, muscle relaxants, anticonvulsants, opioids, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, nicotinic acid).
in the development of dyskinesia of the colon following factors are meaning: the influence of other "sick" officials, damage to th
There are 2 types of dyskinesia of the colon: a hypertonic and hypotonic.
main manifestations of dyskinesia of the colon is a violation of the rhythm of defecation, and abdominal pain.defecation frequency in healthy individuals is variable.Delay of the chair for more than 2 days, slow, labored or systematic lack of bowel movements generally regard as constipation.In hypertensive type of dyskinesia colon pain is usually located in the lower abdomen and inferolateral departments have cramping in nature.Pain is usually associated with the act of defecation, held after a bowel movement.The chair in this form of the disease usually has a tendency to constipation, rarely happens alternating constipation and diarrhea.With constipation stools extends small portions of the "sheep" feces column well fragmented, can tape-like chair.Sometimes it can be seen in the stool admixture of mucus.Hypotonic type dyskinesia colon characterized by persistent progressive constipation.Sometimes after constipation chair departs on a large scale, it can be liquefied.A gradual expansion of the downstream (from the stomach), the large intestine, can weaken the tone of the anal sphincter with the advent of fecal incontinence as kalomazaniya (on shorts can be seen traces of the appearance of stool).Abdominal pain in this form of the disease appear, as a rule, only at the long delay of the chair, bursting with character are permanent, pass after a bowel movement.
In a study with dyskinesia of the colon may experience bad breath, coated tongue, a little bloating.When palpation of the abdomen the doctor detects a spasm or expanded sections of the colon.Sometimes persistent constipation your doctor may test the stool stones (fekality).
Identification colon dyskinesia is based on a thorough questioning and instrumental methods of examination results.Sigmoidoscopy and sigmoidoscopy allow to assess the condition of the mucosa and the tone of the colon.When these kinds of studies into the anal passage tube introduced from the optical system.It gradually moves to the large intestine, and evaluated the state of the intestinal wall.Ergography (introduction of contrast medium into the rectum, followed by X-rays of the intestine) to evaluate the tone and emptying of the colon, rule out any birth defects.
treatment of dyskinesia colon primarily includes dieting.In hypertensive form of the disease from the diet excludes crude fiber, food taken in the form of heat.When hypotonic form of the disease is recommended intake of roughage, raw fruits and vegetables, cold dishes and drinks.Drug therapy is the appointment of certain drugs that can only find the right doctor.Self-medication in such cases is unacceptable.In addition to drug treatment using the methods of herbal medicine, physiotherapy, used exercise therapy, it is recommended intake of mineral water (with hypertonic form of the disease - low mineralization, with hypotonic - high), the positive effects have a rectal method (rectal mud tampons, enemas, and lavage with mineral water, the intestine)massage.At locks recommend taking laxatives.
All persons with dyskinesia of the colon shows the optimal mode of work and recreation, struggle with low mobility, walking, elimination of mental strain.The important point is to respect diet.At locks recommend daily use of fresh yogurt, coarse-grained cereals (buckwheat, barley), bread, baked apples, prunes or apricots, vegetable oil.When hypotonic dyskinesia of the colon is further recommended daily in the morning after waking up to drink a glass of water or juice from the fridge, every day to eat at least 200 grams of fresh vegetables and fruits, eat black rye bread.With the ineffectiveness of this diet in addition prescribe bran, adding them to the soup or porridge, dose picked individually from 5 to 20 g per day.All persons with dyskinesia colon necessary therapy, adherence and diet.With the lack of effectiveness of these measures and express neurotic disorders designate sedatives or antidepressant drugs.Laxatives are an auxiliary method of treatment of this disease.They do not affect the essence of the pathological process and can be addictive.
Clinical supervision is carried out within 1 year.As a treatment to prevent exacerbations of the disease, repeat courses of herbal medicine, eubiotics, mineral waters and vitamins.