Food allergy is quite common in young children.The main factor contributing to its development, is a genetic predisposition.A child inherits from their parents allergic disposition of the body, which can manifest certain symptoms very early in response to the consumption of certain products.
development of food allergy contributes to an early translation of the child on artificial feeding, especially in the non-adapted milk mixtures ( "Fortress", "Health", In-rice, etc..).It promotes the appearance of allergies and unbalanced diet with a high content of protein, fat, carbohydrates, large amounts of food (daily and individual feeding), power failure mode.
may play a role irrational maternal nutrition during pregnancy and breast-feeding - excessive or one-sided diet, excessive passion for products such as chocolate, cocoa, coffee, citrus fruits, nuts, fish.Allergies can trigger disorders of the digestive organs, and dysbacteriosis others.
Among the foods that most commonly cause allergic reactions in i
often manifestations of food allergy caused by the use of such foods as eggs, citrus fruits, fish, eggs, broth, honey, all brightly colored vegetables, fruits and berries (carrots, apricots, strawberries, strawberry, raspberry, pumpkin, melon, etc..), cocoa, chocolate, coffee.
Symptoms of food allergy can develop very early - within the first 2-3 weeks of life.This redness of the cheeks, persistent diaper rash, pruritus baby, cradle cap on the scalp, true eczema, urticaria.May develop changes in the gastrointestinal tract - vomiting, rarely vomiting, bloating, fluid, sometimes with mucus, frequent stools, or a tendency to constipation.Often there is a combination of skin and intestinal manifestations.In older children - respiratory syndrome, asthmatic bronchitis and bronchial asthma.
main principle of treatment of a food allergy is a strictly individual approach to the child as in the preparation of the diet, and in the application of drugs.A special role is played by diet therapy.From diet excludes foods that cause allergies, as well as products such as chocolate, coffee, honey and nuts, which are generally contraindicated in children who suffer from allergies.However, we must not forget about providing the child with food substances according to its age requirement.With the exclusion of a product it needs to be replaced with another, equivalent in biological value.
Given the severity of disorders of digestion in children with food allergies, they often prescribe enzyme preparations (abomin, festal, hydrochloric acid, pepsin, pancreatin, panzinorm) to improve the digestion of food processes.Due to the fact that allergies are often marked by a variety of disorders of the intestinal microflora, the development of fermentation and putrefaction, it is recommended to apply bacterial preparations (bifikol, bifidumbakterin, laktobakterin et al.) For a long time (2-3 months depending on the disease).
for the treatment of skin allergic reactions are widely used special ointments such as Naftalan, Naftalan zinc, salicylic.In severe cases, prescribed by a doctor used hormonal ointments.
Children with food allergies, preventive vaccination is contraindicated, as well as the use of many drugs (antibiotics, protein drugs, and others.).
very important to strictly comply with all sanitary and hygienic recommendations.In the room where the sick child, cleaning should only be wet.Watch out for the removal of various odors.Not allowed synthetic floor covering, use of synthetic fabrics in the clothes of the child.It is not recommended to keep at home a variety of pets.These requirements will not only help the recovery of the child, but also to prevent the development or exacerbation of symptoms.