Single family

In 1980, the Census Bureau found that San Francisco "in the number of single people" took the 1st place among US cities.This means that among the 679,000 inhabitants of the city the majority (53 per cent) live in "non-standard" families - alone or with people who are not their relatives.In this regard, San Francisco took the lead in the whole country.This is followed by Seattle, where the number of singles is 48 percent, in the third place Washington (DC) - 45, followed by Auckland - 44, LA - 39 and NY - 37 percent.Overall, 27 percent of Americans do not have a normal family.

huge number of "non-standard" families in San Francisco, mainly due to trends that affect the whole country:

1) a significant increase in the number of divorces and breaks;

2) increasing the number of young people who are not in a hurry or do refuse to marry;

3) the increasing number of elderly people living alone after the death of a spouse.

At the same time, some features of San Francisco help explain the extremely large num

ber of non-standard families in the city.In San Francisco, where he has long had the tolerance of non-traditional patterns of behavior, home to many gay men, their about 100 000 people, one-sixth of the entire population of the city.

Cohabitation homosexuals, probably can not be considered a normal family life, regardless of whether they live together or apart.Entrepreneurs, especially taking into account the demand for housing in this situation, have invested heavily in the construction of condominiums - housing complexes, more convenient for those who live alone or with their partner than for married men.Realtors offer home alone ". In order to buy a house, not necessarily to be married", and financiers are more willing than ever before, and provide loans to single individuals who is not related.

In addition, lifestyle "single" and "unmarried" is likely to contribute to the resettlement of families in the suburbs.Boom condominiums appear to deprive the family of people the opportunity to buy comfortable homes.In his speech on the "state of the city" in 1982, San Francisco Mayor Diane Feinstein said: "If we are going to save the family in our city, we must redouble our efforts to provide them with convenient housing and other measures to attract them."

Whatever the reasons that San Francisco has become the "city alone," this has led to certain consequences.Change not only the housing market got a boost development of the restaurant business and the creation of new cultural centers - single people and those who are not married, often eat and spend time away from home than the people family.

trend towards unconventional families had an influence on other aspects of life San Francisco.In 1982, the Council decided to grant inspectors Gay-serving holiday on the occasion of the death of a partner and the partner provided cheap insurance policies.In the past, these benefits were granted only to employees who have families.This action sparked heated debate - some religious organizations and medical institutions have opposed the decision, while the members of the gay community and other groups supported it.The resolution was rejected by the mayor of the city, which is trying to explain their position is not moral reasons, but rather a lack of clarity and unauthorized decision.Nevertheless, some observers thought that, veto it, the San Francisco mayor risked his future political career.

example of San Francisco is the exception rather than the rule, but it has found a vivid expression to the trend of disintegration of the traditional family, observed throughout the country.To better understand this trend will begin with an analysis of the "family" concept which binds members of the community residence.According to the 1980 census, 97.5 percent of Americans live in normal families, while the rest live in dormitories and military barracks, serving time in prison or in other "official" institutions.According to the census, there is a clear distinction between "standard" and "non-standard" families."Standard" family consists of two or more persons related to each other by blood, by marriage or adoption.The most common type of family, consisting of a married couple with or without children.In the "non-standard" family consists of two or more persons of either sex who are not relatives, as well as people who live alone.

Although the US is still dominated by traditional families, there is the development of new forms of family life, and, apparently, the family institution is subjected to radical changes right now.

In 1981, there were approximately 73 percent of "standard" and 27 percent of "non-standard" families.But in 1970 these figures were respectively 82 and 18 percent.During this period, the number of single men increased by 105 percent, single women - 60 per cent.In addition, the number of single-parent families has increased significantly.In 1981, it reached 21 percent compared with 10 percent in 1970. Since 1970, the number of single-parent families, never to marry, has increased by 349 per cent, is a stunning fact!At the same time the number of families with one parent divorced or abandoned has increased by 11 percent.

Indeed, these changes seem improbable.They testify to the radical transformation of the family structure, relationships between parents and children, as well as an intimate relationship at all taking place in American society.The deep anxiety about the future of the family is expressed in the media;recently one of the browsers directly raised the question of how do we do not have in the future, just say, "Good-bye, the family!".