The development of marriages during the Renaissance and Reformation
In the Middle Ages, the social mobility of people was small.People were born and died representatives of a certain class and practically had no way to change its position.Only with the beginning of a period of cultural and intellectual development of the countries of Western and Central Europe, known as the Renaissance, or Renaissance, people could try to find some elements of personal liberty in various spheres of life.The main feature of the Renaissance, which began roughly in the XV century and which lasted for two centuries (XV- XVII century), was humanism.People have learned to think, and to think in new ways.Thinking they faced with contradictions, distortions of the truth preached by political and ecclesiastical authorities.
Despite the fact that in the Renaissance marriage was still the financial and economic agreement, new sexual and spiritual trends.Some identified the woman Eve, with its sinful and carnal beginning, while others believed a woman close to embody the symbol of purity and holine
women of the upper classes enjoyed the new freedom.Without feelings of guilt and fear, they gradually began to dress in sexy clothes, use cosmetics, began visiting schools.With the development of printing becoming more affordable books, not only religious but also secular, so the opportunity to self-education, not only for the clergy persons, but also for all educated people.The new freedom gave rise to new ideas.People for the first time since antiquity began to feel like individuals who have certain rights.
However, in those days for women there is another side to life.Not all women have the freedom.Some women are called witches.They organized hunting.What is the charge they face?The first is that they are like "sinful Eve" and full of lust.The witch-hunt often becomes a "fun" for the dark masses, at times was very convenient tool in the hands of men who do not see another way to get rid of unwanted wives.
In the XV century in Western and Central Europe there was a broad social movement, partly coinciding with the time of the Renaissance, and to reflect the dynamism of the era.This movement is known in history as "The Reformation."First of all, it took the form of the struggle against the Catholic Church.
One of the results was the release of the Reformation the Protestant church of the Roman Catholic.Another - was the change in the marriage laws.The activity of the Reformation in Germany, Martin Luther (1483-1546) opposed the traditional sacrament of marriage, believed that the purpose of marriage is the birth of children and spouses to live together in mutual loyalty.
In the XV century in Germany, Holland, Scandinavia and Scotland began to spread look at marriage as a spiritual union of husband and wife.The legislation was confirmed by a woman's right to remarry, for example, if the husband is cheating on her.In England, this view has been recognized for two hundred years later.
However, one of the leading figures of the Reformation, John Calvin (1509-1564) was less humane than some of his predecessors.He believed that an illegitimate union between a man and a woman must be cursed.Marriage, according to him, is given to people over in order to curb the lust.Spouses warned: do not poison their relationship unbridled indulge themselves with passion.According to Calvin, marriage should not be places of pleasure, joy and sensuality.This opinion is in our time finds sympathy among many supporters of Calvinism.