Marriage in Ancient Greece

ancient Greeks and Jews - historical contemporaries, but their ideas about marriage were diametrically opposed.Greek civilization gravitated to the two main centers - Athens and Sparta.These city-states were significantly different in terms of governance, the rights and duties of citizens

, with respect to marriage and marriage laws.Marriage in Sparta was "open" even by modern standards, in contrast to Athens, which was highly restrictive.

Spartan men and women took part in the marriage ritual, which began a staged abduction of the bride in her new home.The bride, however, before reaching thirty years of age continued to live in the soldiers' barracks, only at night, escaping from the barracks to the wife.Even more surprising was the fact that up to sixty years old, he had to eat with all the soldiers.What is this custom was called?The fact that, according to ancient, all too often prevented the preservation of intimacy military forces, the dominant values ​​of Spartan society.

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and redistributed on the tradition of childbirth.Spouses not having children of her husband could take another man to have a child.If a married man did not want intimacy with his wife, but wanted to have children with another woman, he could obtain a permit, as guaranteed by law.

Men of Sparta were primarily soldiers.They are often absent, participating in distant military campaigns.Therefore, women, especially those belonging to the higher strata of society, have a significant political force, and enjoyed great freedom.Some of the Spartan women had two at home and two men.In this way, they became proprietors of large plots of land.Despite the fact that the standard form at that time was monogamy, marriage is pretty much had an open character.

In life, Athenian women were much more restrictive than those of their contemporaries Spartan.In Sparta, women had very few family responsibilities and have enjoyed great freedom.In Athens, however, it believes that women should be legally and financially dependent on their husbands or fathers for the economic welfare of the family.Their duties include caring for children and the maintenance of "purity" of the family kind.For centuries, the husband in Athens had the right to kill his wife if she is unfaithful to him.The value of a woman and with her marriage often belittled.It is known saying of the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras of Samos, exponential in terms of looking at the woman in the V century BC.e. that from men originates order and light, and from a woman comes chaos and darkness.

legendary ancient Greek poet Homer in the "Iliad" and "Odyssey" glorified love.However, many Greek poets of the period were less charitable.Even conjugal love sometimes exposed to ridicule.