Traditional sex role differentiation base
differences between men and women are, to say the least, complicated.Sociologists have examined them by analyzing four components of sexual identity: biological sex, gender identity, gender ideals and sexual roles.
easiest to define biological sex.This includes primary and secondary physical symptoms specific to men and women: reproductive organs, hair growth on the face, etc.
gender identity related to our perception of their field - whether we feel really male or female.The realization of your gender does not always correspond to the biological sex of the individual.The famous tennis player Renee Richards, who later became a doctor, began its life man, but underwent transsexual surgery and felt like a woman.
Tender ideals embody the cultural beliefs about male and female behavior.Many cigarette advertising ideal man is depicted.The ideal woman is usually associated with the care of the home and children.But then, in many advertisements women were pictured in the office, business trips, etc.Thus, ove
fourth component of sexual identity is sexual roles associated with the division of labor, the rights and obligations of men and women.In the past, sex roles are clearly defined: the men worked to provide for their families;women doing homework - were household and raise children.
sexuality in society is considered, the Company has put in front of my destination - my aim is to work and been ensured to raise children and lead vides wife and children, household work is for me an additional burden
Currently, sex roles and gender ideals change.In society, it is usually assumed that the four components of sexual identity are in harmonious unity.It is expected that the biological specimen female feel like a woman, and this feeling corresponds to the generally accepted definition of femininity.It is understood that it is ready to assume the roles and responsibilities traditionally associated with her gender.However, in reality, this assumption is not always true.As already mentioned, the biological sex of people can not match their gender identity.With sufficient material means, a person can undergo surgery and change his gender.However, this happens very rarely.In addition, the way the individual is aware of their gender, may not coincide with the generally accepted ideal.A man can feel comfortable as a biological specimen of the male sex, but it may not suit the patterns of behavior, appropriate cultural stereotypes.The late John Lennon in some way condemned, when he did not fulfill his obligation to work and stay at home with a recently born son.Finally, the rights and obligations of the individual (sex roles) may not conform to generally accepted tender ideals of society.For example, women now working police officers, firefighters, serve in the army - all of these sex roles do not meet the traditional ideals.
Because each of these components is due to various factors (biological, psychological and social), it is not surprising that they do not always fit together.