Classification of indoor plants
Talk about a variety of colors can be different: or list everything in alphabetical order, or be divided into certain groups and characterize each of them separately.Groups can also be formed according to different principles.For example, they are often combined in the so-called biological taxa: department, type, order, family ... Of course, those skilled botanist, this principle will be the most convenient, not by chance it is used in special determinants plants.But if each Florist amateur botanist knows well enough to go to see the list of the representatives of the orders (even more so - families) to look for the characteristic of interest it flower?Meanwhile, plants of the same family are so different from each other and form and content requirements for conditions that put them into a single group illogical.
You can sort the plants and the climatic zones, but what if the origin of the flower is just not known?
most convenient way, perhaps, will be the reference to one of the traditional divisions
Another question is whether it should give here the description of the plant?It is not enough if one's name and listing the features of cultivation of this flower and care for him?Perhaps it is worth.Even in fairly good stores labels are sometimes confused, and you can actually get not at all (there are precedents).Familiar lovers - is not always experts.The author had to meet the florist, who somehow tsissus called Begonia and feathery asparagus - paporotnichkom.Obviously, you can discover the resemblance, but because of this it does not follow that the asparagus will be fine is the same as the fern.So, just in case, when purchasing unfamiliar plants still collating it with the description.
Regarding the recommendation of some plants may seem too short, but it is not by chance: in this book describes in detail only the most specific features, characteristic for this plant.For example, if "reproduction" Unknown "cherenka-
mi" without comment, just look at the relevant chapter in this case - "Plant Propagation."But if there are any unusual or special advice notes, that they are only to a specified form (such as "rooted in the sand", "rooting requires the use of phytohormones," and so on).Unless specifically noted, the flower has low, it means that when it is grown to deviate from the recommended optimal conditions, but remember: the plant - a living being, and it is impossible deliberately to turn his full life in a miserable existence.But beginners florist flowers marked as unpretentious, is easy: their resistance will help buy time to correct mistakes.
determines where and why to place this or that flower better in advance, prior to its acquisition or directly in the shop (in most cases you willing to tell us how to care for it), but still for the novice grower would not be more than initially attach topots kind of "passport", which would be marked, from a climatic zone occurs the plant, as well as its light- and moisture-loving and always - a period of rest.There is nothing wrong with that even experts who have a lot of plants, sometimes give birth to these "passports": it's impossible to keep everything always in memory.
And now - a little bit of plant morphology.
shoots - it's not just the stems.Escape is a single body of the plant, a complex system consisting of the stem (axis), leaves and buds.Tubers, bulbs and blossoms are considered special forms of shoots;rudimentary, an unopened bud is considered to escape.An important characteristic is the presence of unmodified escape nodes, i.e. portions of the stem at a discharge sheet or whorl of leaves or buds.The plot of the stem between adjacent nodes is called interstitial.
Shoots can be the first order (formed by the first run, which in many plants become the main stem, and the trees - barrel), the second order (directly off of the main shoot), third
order (exhaust, respectively, from having run second order)fourth and so on.
leaf usually consists of an upper part of the wide and flat - plate and stalked lower - stem.If the stem is not, and the plate is attached directly to the stem, the leaves are called sessile.
Location leaves per stem may be: 1) a spiral.- On each node is a single sheet, as if mentally to connect their base, you get a spiral;2) whorled - when the leaves grow, as it were from a single node;3) opposite - the name speaks for itself, in this case, the leaves are arranged in pairs opposite each other exactly.Sometimes even two-row Phyllotaxy.
looks like this:
Distinguish plants from each other in the form of leaves.Leaves can be prostyim and complex.Prsoto called leaves having one lamina.If the plates on the petiole some, it leaves the complex, which are divided into palchatoslozhnymi, pinnate or trifoliate.And there are also dvoyakoperistye, and two- or mnogokratnotroychatye leaves.
The record sheet may be whole or broken on the blades, or the proportion of segments in their tazvaniyah again sounds are part of a compound word as troychato-, palchato- and peristo-.Paddle type of partition - this is when the seizure took less than half the width of poluplastinki separated - deeper poluplastinki half width, and dissected - to the ground.The main thing is not to confuse the latter type of complex leaves.They have their exact names and different types of leaf edge.
to the description was quite accurate, it should be sorted out and the basic forms of leaves!To do this, familiarize yourself with the table below.However, apart from these forms, there are also others: heart-shaped, okrugloserdtsevidny, lopatkovidny, thyroid, ovate-triangular, pochkopodobny, strelo- and spear-shaped.You yourself can imagine what they look like: the name is quite revealing.One has only to clarify the difference between a spear and arrow-shaped leaves: the latter protruding downward angles are directed also to the side, while the outer loop swept sheet constitutes a fairly clear triangle.
Flowers and buds.
Variety of flowers and inflorescences from different plants immediately catches the eye.The first noticeable halos in flowering plants, they delight the eye.They may be right
(petals of the same shape and size), wrong - zygomorphic (as "pansies") or even completely asymmetrical (like snapdragons, for example).
flowers can be single, but often constitute a so-called inflorescence characteristic of specific plant species, which in turn may be simple or complex.
Among the simple inflorescences are the following:
complex inflorescences are formed of several simple.For example, the complex consists of a simple umbrella umbrellas compound spike - from smaller spikelets panicle - several brushes, differing with the more abundant branching (like lilac).
Fruits angiosperms are divided primarily on the juicy and dry, although there are also so-called false fruit.False - for botanists, because, in their opinion, they do not come from the parts of the flower, that the rest of the fruit.To carry the false and strawberry, and rose, and apple.Just remember, just in case (not to be lost, having met this term in the literature) is the name.
Juicy fruits come in two varieties: drupe and berry, they differ among themselves the amount of seed (seed).The first group includes fruits with a bone (like cherries).And the berries, by definition, botanists, is all, where two or more bones.Even very small seeds, like blueberries or bananas.More berries are considered, such as tomatoes.The main thing - remember that this is not about the everyday everyday definition of the word "berry".
Dried fruits can really exist in dry form directly on the plant.To dry fruits are legumes (peas, beans), pods (if the seeds are attached to the inside of the plate), boxes (poppy), nuts (not only known to us nuts, and all the fruit with a hard shell and a seed is and acorns and nutslinden), grains (in cereals), seeds (sunflower) lionfish (maple) and other.Sometimes the fruit stems form (beets, mulberry).