Flower Care in apartment
about the most important features mentioned above: the farther the actual conditions from the natural to the plant, the more effort you have to make, so it felt fine.And not just effort - flowers require more and understanding their needs and attention to detail care.And we need their beauty, and sometimes have to do something to brighter and clearer look a gift from nature, from plants to achieve maximum decorative effect.To do this, sometimes you have to have an impact on the natural progression of growth and flowers.It may be questioned, not included if our goals and the needs of plants in a contradiction.Strangely enough - no.Many well-known methods for improving the plant species or are helpful or harmless for it.
Now back to the specific characteristics of plant care in the rooms and the "typical indoor procedures."
begin "from below": the colors should be something to grow.If in vivo only limitation becomes the thickness of topsoil (root system always can easily develop in breadth), the indoor p
they are too big - bad.Not used the roots of the plant soil can sour, it will thrive most pathogenic fungi.
they are too small - too bad.Roots do not have enough space, they can not pull nutrients from the soil in full force, with moisture also have problems from excessive crowding roots intertwine soil so that will change its texture, earthy root ball will be too dense (not accidentally concrete much stronger andplain concrete, and taken alone its iron fittings - in the soil, permeated with roots, the same principle), and the water will go around it without wetting the middle, and breathing roots, too, must, and the air is excessively compacted soil freely can not be drawn.In such circumstances, the flowers begin to lag behind in growth and decay.
One power supply is not enough.We'll have to turn to the most specific just for the inhabitants of the green room operations: transplant or transshipment.
transplant.Transplanted usually already grown plants (for the young, it is desirable handling) if the container in which they grow, become too small, and all the flowers that have emerged from the soil problem: whether it was found that the earthen mixture does not meet their requirements(for example, you bought a plant in a pot filled with pure peat), whether the land is rotten.
transplant is very suitable for plant propagation by division.Then rhizome cut into pieces with separate shoots clippers or a sharp knife, which are planted in a corresponding number of smaller pots or other containers.The first step is a plant that will change, it is necessary to water very well, so that the earth softened.Then, holding the plant by the stem, container inverted, slightly hit the bottom of her hand (for large pots, you can hit them on the side walls of the edge of the table), remove the earthen room and gently bring down or washed away ground.If the walls formed a solid "coat" of fine roots, it is also necessary to remove pre-cut in several places.After that, inspect the roots: rotten better cut once (they are already able to have time to accumulate bacteria or fungus).Slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal is desirable.
At the bottom of the container, which will change the plant, pre-poured drainage layer of pebbles, ceramic fragments and other such suitable materials that cover the top layer of soil a little.The roots were carefully smoothing is placed in the middle of the container and fill it zemlesmesyo.Near the edges of the pot soil can be compressed fingers between the back - send it rolling in the top stream of the peg.Do not give the roots curl up.When zemlesmes filled up completely (from the ground surface to the upper edge of the pot should be a distance of 1 to 4 cm - depending on the container size), it must be sealed, hard enough, but being careful not to damage the plant.Be careful not to fill up the root neck.
now remains well watered plant - this change ends.
Do not be alarmed if a flower suddenly lost one or two lower leaves.For newly transplanted plants is natural.
handling.In contrast to the transplant, when handling an earthen clod is not destroyed: taken out of the former "House" plant just falls into a pot with drainage, is bigger somewhere for a couple of centimeters in diameter (a greater increase in volume is only allowed for very fast-growing species)zemlesmesyu space is filled, and the flower is watered.Most often rolled over the young plants (seedlings grow back or rooted cuttings, but not all types are well tolerated transplant), and if the need for transplanting in the soil is not able, they also better to move this method.
Some fast-growing species migrate twice transplanted in the spring and autumn are transshipped.
pots and other containers.The flowers can grow in very different capacities: in ceramic and plastic pots, wooden tubs and boxes, cans, plastic bottles and trimmed even in old pots.The main thing for the plants (in addition to the size you want) to the bottom they had a drain hole, without which the moisture will stagnate, land mope etc.
But if the appearance of the home does not mean anything for the flower, then for human capacity choice -.. Opportunitydemonstrate your taste.Pots, as well as the flowers themselves, can be a great decoration of the room.They can be painted to match the furniture or walls, can, on the contrary, to turn into a special color spots (most importantly, that they are still in harmony with the rest of the interior);they can also decorate.
There are a variety of pots, some of them look very impressive.I for some reason from early childhood well remember hanging on the wall, stylized birch bark, white with black plastic cone with dashes ladybug - it grew green Tradescantia.On the taste, of course, do not argue, and not to any interior decoration is nice.But to do something similar with your own hands can be: it takes a real birch bark, cleared brush and covered with clear varnish - it can simply wrap the pot.
tying.Although this procedure is typically called the room can only be a stretch, in a dwelling, it has its own peculiarities.
plants with herbaceous stems and large inflorescences or flowers require additional support: they are tied up to stakes or rods, sometimes in several places.To improve the stability of the support pegs (or rods) must be driven into the pot on the bottom.If they are too contrasting with the plant, they can be painted to match the stem of a non-toxic paint.
creeper can tie up to a thick branch or a piece of bark.
most trouble tying takes lianoobraznye plants: the need to constantly keep track of them to the tip has been directed upwards.Tying them for sure.
Cleaning.In the spring, at the time of transplant or plant handling, as well as necessary during the period of active vegetation, it is desirable to expose the cleaned yet.This hygienic procedure, and at the same time useful to the plant, and improves its appearance.When cleansing the cut weak, dry and shoots growing inside crown.Removing infected leaves is a variant of the disease is also cleaning.
Forming crown.This action is close to procleaning, but its main goal - to improve the decorative qualities of the shrub and subshrub some plants.shoots Pruning stimulates their more luxuriant sprawl.
Form crown plants can be artificially changed to spherical, pyramidal, and any other.
Pshschirovka.To the flowers in some species of plants dekorativnotsvetuschie get a close, since the tying extra buds are plucked as they appear.For some types of pintsirovka it is mandatory.
pinched out shoots.Removal of the apical bud escape for many plants is a good stimulant of the formation of new young shoots on which the flowers are formed.Spend pinched spring.
«Bath day."In addition to spraying, the purpose of which is to provide water to the plant and to create the necessary climate, must be periodically arrange bathing colors.Plants do not grow well, if their leaves are covered with dust: it clogs the stomata, and for purely hygienic reasons, not desirable.
for washing water plant slightly heated (the temperature should be degrees for five to ten above ambient).Plants with stiff, leathery leaves and cactus scrub pre dust brush or toothbrush.If the flower needs to be cleaned, "bath day" is quite handy for this moment.
plant is put into an empty basin or similar container and pour warm water, gently (to ne thin skin damage) rubbing each leaf with a soft cloth or soft sponge.Especially contaminated leaves (if they are rigid enough) washed with soapy water: it will approach normal, with no additives, soap.In this case, you need to tilt the plant and make sure that the soapy water does not hit the ground.Then rinse the plant from watering (the lower leaves can also sprinkle an atomizer).