Congenital neoplasm century

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Genetic Diseases

dermoid century is a tumor elastic consistency, round shape.It is not adherent to the skin, but often connected with the periosteum.This tumor contains sebaceous and sweat glands, as well as fat and hair.In most cases, dermoid located at the inner or outer corner of the eye at the junction of the upper and lower eyelids.When such a disease is conducted only surgical treatment.The tumor is removed together with its surrounding capsule.

Nevus - birthmarks pale yellow, brown or almost black.These spots can have different values, sometimes seize two centuries.When Pumping of these spots have to be deleted, as they can sometimes degenerate into malignant tumors.

Hemangiomas century - a tumor originating from the blood vessels.They can rapidly increase in size, which leads to the destruction of the surrounding tissues.Hemangiomas occupy an intermediate position between benign and malignant tumors.Most hemangiomas are congenital and are formed as a result of intrauterine development disorders of the vas

cular system.As a rule, they are growing fast in early childhood.There are capillary, cavernous and ratsemoznye (branching) hemangiomas century.

capillary hemangioma has the form of a flat spot dark red color and is made up of advanced surface vessels century.

Cavernous hemangioma contains cavities with thin walls, which are filled with blood.This hemangioma rises above the level of the skin or apply in depth.

Branchy hemangioma is extremely rare.It consists of a coil and extended tortuous blood vessels.

treatment of tumors of eyelids held by surgical removal.Also use X-ray and radiotherapy.

lymphangioma century are tumors originating from the lymphatic vessels.There are very rare.These tumors have a pale color, appearance resemble a cyst and consist of a variety of thin-walled cavities.In some cases, lymphangioma reach enormous sizes.Such a state is referred to as congenital limfangiektaticheskaya elephantiasis.Treatment primarily surgical.

Neurofibromatosis (Recklinghausen's disease) manifests itself in different forms: plexiform neurofibroma, fibroma shellfish and half face hypertrophy.The most common plexiform neuroma, which affects the upper eyelid.At the same time it thickens, and it palpated dense winding knotted cords, which are interconnected.Shellfish fibroma century looks like a soft tumor, situated on a broad basis, or on a long stalk.At half-face hypertrophy increases not only the eyelid, but the whole half of the face on the affected side.

appearance of spots on the skin the color of coffee with milk, the occurrence of tumors along the nerve trunks and cutaneous neurofibromas is a cardinal sign of neurofibromatosis.When erased forms of neurofibromatosis is often misdiagnosed as a fibroid century, lymphangitis or drooping of the upper eyelid.Great value for the detection of this disease belongs to X-ray the skull and eye socket.In neurofibromatosis century may be affected eye socket and all departments of the eyeball.Tumor century constantly progressing, growing in size, thus leading to the disfigurement of appearance and creating hindrance to vision.

treatment is to remove the tumor tissue, and often resort to repeated operations.