For people prone to hypochondria
kogda loved one constantly offended at you, that does not mean that you are always guilty of something.Ppocmo takoy yzh his character.Podapite dear person ficus.This plant will save him from obsession and suspiciousness.
Ficus eliminates the oppressive thoughts
Ficus with large leaves is useful to keep people hypochondriac, prone to exaggeration and obsession with negative thoughts.It helps get rid of mental vanity, gather, find important and focus on the true target.
addition, ficus heals indoor climate, reducing the concentration of harmful chemical substances emitted by furniture, wallpaper and plastic.All who grow rubber plants, know how to quickly gathering dust their leaves.You say that in large leaves of dust better visible.But it's not that.Ficus not only collects dust, and with it all the harmful substances, but also keeps it, not allowing to scatter around the room.So try as often as possible with a damp cloth to wipe the leaves of Ficus lyre, and of r
family Araliaceae.The genus Ficus.
natural climatic conditions: tropics and subtropics.
Perennials various forms, many types of industrial value name.The flowers are dioecious, special inflorescence - sikoniumy - like berries, they are often mistaken for the fruit, the most famous of which is the figs.As a rule, have mlechniki.
most common in the culture room types:
requirement to moisture: uniform and abundant watering in summer, a few drops in the winter.The rest period the excess water may result in dropping of leaves, but during active growth to the same phenomenon may cause excessive dry soil.By atmospheric humidity rubber plants are unpretentious.For rooting of cuttings need spraying, adult plants - depending on the conditions (summer heat under strong light is not on) and a time (about two weeks) after transplantation, when spraying part replaces specially reduced to economical irrigation.In summer, it is also desirable to wash the leaves.
Temperature: for most species (except where noted thermophilic) in a rest period is necessary to decrease the temperature to 13 - 15 ° C.
Light mode: moderate preferred lighting;ficus physiologically tolerate shade, but away from the window of their Crohn's can take the form of unwanted - branches will turn to light (heliotropism) and pull in the interstices.
requirement to soil: optimum ground from the leaf, greenhouse and sod land with sand in a ratio of 4: 2: 2: 1 with the addition of bone meal;for ampelnye types - with the addition of chopped moss.Requires good drainage.Feeding solutions of organic fertilizers in the period of active vegetation is desirable every ten days.
Reproduction: stem and leaf (with the "promenade") by cuttings, which take root when heated to 24-28 ° C.For species that are difficult to reproduce by cuttings, auxin treatment desired.Leaf petioles tie to the support of the large size of the leaves.Do not forget that there mlechnikov (receptions stop latex used traditional).
Features: Spring pruning is required, which should be carried out carefully, slices - sprinkle with powdered charcoal.Transplant annual desirable.
Ficus Small berried
Ficus rhicrocarpa.Sem.Mulberry - Mogaseae.Motherland - China and India.Caudex deeply split, club-i is invisible, in culture up to 50 cm in diameter, with elongated cylindrical portions, shiny, leathery, purple-brown.The leaves are different in shape from oblong-oval with a pointed tip to heart-shaped, elliptic or broadly elliptic, 5-8 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, entire, naked.The flowers are small, greenish.
Ficus palmieri.Rodina - Meksika.Chrezvychayno interesting form of this type of growth has attracted the attention of many fans.At the beginning of life is a common tree with erect trunks, which increases with age in diameter, and the plant takes the form of "bottle tree" thick at the base of the stem and the leaves at the top of the beam.The leaves are heart-shaped, dark green with a thick layer of cuticle and stand out on the bottom side of the veins.Note that to obtain such.appearance can grow only from the seeds of ficus.At a vegetative propagation method, the plant has the form of a conventional upright trees.
Ficus petiolaris.Eto subspecies of F. Palmer, it differs from the original form wider oval-ovate, soft green leaves with white veins.Caudex dun.In a culture known since 1970.
Courtship.Ficus needs a bright diffused light, while F. Small berried fully reconciled with the penumbra, it can be delivered in 2-4 meters from the southern window, in 2 m - from another direction windows.summer temperature is maintained at 22-24 ° C, in the winter - not less than 16 ° C.Watering from November to March, a rare, from May to October - moderate.Before drying the substrate is not adjusted.
As a substrate, a mixture of turf, leaf, humus soil and coarse sand in a ratio of 1: 0.5: 0.5: 1. Feed up 1 every two weeks, alternating between organic and mineral fertilizers.If the plants are grown from seeds in the first year dressing made not more than 1 time in 2-3 months.
propagated by seeds and stem cuttings.
Ficus cherry ♦ Under natural conditions, reaches a height of 2 m;shoots orange;leaves lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, pointed, top glossy, dark green, below - pubescent light green;sikoniumy like cherry, orange.
Ficus ♦ mountain shrub, naturally reaches 1.5 m in height;scansorial branches, spreading, zhestkovolosistye;polymorphic leaves.It can be grown as a basket plant.
Ficus oakleaf ♦ Similar to the previous view;leaves to 5 - 6 cm long, similar to oak leaves.More thermophilic than most other species of ficus.
Ficus Cape ♦ Slim srednerosloe plant;leaves up to 20 cm long, elongated, heart-shaped, toothed on the edges lightly pubescent, light green;stems are edible.
Ficus Carica (figs) ♦ Tree plant with a period of rest, during which part of the leaves are falling, the rooms are grown, as a rule, low-growing varieties;leaves large, lobed (3-7 lobes), pubescent, dark green;in the axils of the leaves are put growth and flower buds (buds).Sikoniumy edible.Love of light more than other types.
Ficus tiny (dwarf) ♦ scansorial plant with adventitious roots, suckers;original form characterized by a great morphological dissimilarity in the appearance of different age stages: young plant leaves are small, asymmetric, in mature - a large, oval, right.Varieties stemming from the introduction of the culture of plants with different stages of development, maintain the signs of these stages.In culture, unpretentious.
ficus lyrata ♦ evergreen tree, naturally reaches a height of 12 m;large leaves (up to 60 cm long and 30 cm wide), resembles the shape of a lyre, at the edges slightly wavy, leathery, glossy, dark green, with whitish veins stand out well.The rest period is not completely defined.
Ficus Parcel ♦ Tree plant;leaves up to 18 cm long, with broadly drawn tips, serrated edge, pubescent few stiff hairs, mottled marble (green and white).
Ficus rzhavolistny ♦ Tree plant;aerial roots are formed on the bottom of the barrel;bark smooth, with longitudinal grooves, strokes, dark gray;Young shoots pubescent;petioles pubescent, leaves up to 17 cm long and 6 cm wide, broadly blunt tip, leathery, hard, densely pubescent young rosy-red;apical bud bright pink.
Ficus Tree ♦ sacred plant;at the bottom of the barrel are formed aerial roots-props;leaves up to 20 cm long, hang on flexible stalks, heart-shaped, the tip of the leaf blade is drawn in the so-called "drip tip", by which flows from them plant released excessive moisture, bluish-green.Thermophilic which are difficult to reproduce by cuttings view.
Ficus triangular ♦ Leaves to six cm long, rounded triangular-shaped, leathery, glossy, dark green.Not tolerate hard pruning.Kind of which it is difficult to reproduce by cuttings.
Ficus ivy ♦ scansorial woody vine, easily attached roots, suckers, even to a smooth surface;small leaves, rough, leathery, dark green, or with a pattern (some species) in the form of spots of different colors.
Ficus elastic (elastica) ♦ The most common view in the room culture.Evergreen tree, naturally reaches 20-30 m in height;large leaves up to 20 cm long and 10 cm wide), elliptical with pointed tip, leathery, glossy, with a pronounced middle vein, young - trubchatoskruchennye, many varieties are covered with stipules, the color of mature leaf is diverse, there are plain and variegated forms.The most common varieties of decor "and" Exotica *.The most simple species, can grow in extreme ecological and climatic conditions (except for highly polluted premises).
most common in the culture room view Ficus - Ficus elastica, and rubber tree.Its sap once collected for the production of rubber, but then the glory of the best rubber plant was transferred to the Brazilian gevee.The plant has oblong leathery shiny dark green leaves 18-35 cm long and 10 cm wide. The leaves are alternate location, the leaf blade is smooth, smooth-edged, with a well defined main vein, passing in a thick stalk.Young leaves are twisted into a tube and covered with reddish stipules.Ficus elastic solid has a straight trunk, not prone to the early years of branching.
old specimens of this species can reach a large, growing up in a large spreading tree.In the rooms it blooms very rarely, forming the fruit and seeds are mature.White milky juice of this plant are poisonous.This type of ficus hardier more other houseplants can tolerate different light and temperature conditions.
Ethnicity is ficus that are so familiar to us all.However, the botanical family to which it belongs, - mulberry family includes more than one hundred mineral species, including healing.For example, fig, or Ficus carica.Figs can also be grown at home.Known representatives of mulberry - paper tree (from its bark receive first-class paper) and breadfruit (food baked in the use of its seedheads weighing up to 20 kg).
mulberry Motherland - tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia.Our old friend grows in the jungles of India, Ceylon, Java, Borneo, the islands of the Malay Archipelago, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands.
In its external appearance rubber plants are extremely diverse.Among them can be found, and small shrubs and large trees up to 40 m in length and leaves up to 1 m. Travelers describe instances Bengali ficus or banyan tree, the main trunk having a diameter of 10 meters, more than a thousand trunks and paranasal 3000 aerial roots.This is a real wood from the same tree, the shadow of which at midday covers an area of a hectare.At the same time there are also miniature species, eg, Ficus repens, a small, prostrate on the ground or shrub bark of other trees.
Flowers figs - with a simplified perianth, small, unisexual.Develops on the inner surface of the peculiar inflorescence, spherical or pear-shaped, with a hole at the top.The inflorescence is formed in the axils of the leaves on the branches or trunks.Pollination in figs in nature occurs with the help of the Hymenoptera family agaonid.After fertilization, the developing stem dry pip drupes, as, for example, in fig.Thick walls juicy stems and are nutritional value.
Since ancient times, known people Figs (fig tree, fig tree).The fig tree is mentioned in the Bible.That fig leaf, known as a fig leaf, was the first clothing of Adam and Eve.This plant is very decorative with their palchatolopastnymi leaves and thick broad crown.
homeland figs, including its cultural forms, according to Asia Minor, Arabia.From there he was taken Egyptian and Phoenician sailors.Perhaps he was in Ancient Greece from Egypt tree, and then spread throughout the European Mediterranean.Thanks to its undemanding figs able to settle in the most remote places, for example, on the slopes, in the crevices between the rocks, on all soils.Transfers and very cold, and summer scorching heat.Now figs and wild, and in the cultural form is found everywhere in the subtropics - including in Georgia, in the Crimea, in the subtropical regions of Krasnodar Krai.There it reaches a height of 10-15 m.
In figs have interesting botanical features.This plant is dioecious, that is, has both male and female specimens.On the female plant produces fleshy, inside the empty warehouse - figs (these inflorescences, or stems, then we drink and food).On their inner surface of the developing inconspicuous flowers with five petals underdeveloped.Men hide their copies in kaprifigah flowers: these flowers are provided with a large number of stamens and pollen.Once the female inflorescences, figs are pollinated, they increase, become more prominent, and within them the seeds ripen gradually.It blooms in spring figs, stems and it ripens in late autumn.The form they resemble an onion or a pear, a color change depending on maturity - the green, then yellow, purple, almost black.Male fruit - hard to the touch, smaller - shortly after ripening dry up and fall off.Indispensable companions figs - tiny insects Blas tofagi.Without them, there is practically no pollination of figs in natural conditions.In turn blastofaga without figs, not only can not reproduce, and even live.In autumn they are doing clutch kaprifigah, and in the spring the young insects develop and plastered pollen, fly out in search of refuge now for his future offspring.Penetrating the figs and pollinating female flowers there, blastofagi not find there a place for laying again depart on a quest and remain for procreation in kaprifigah.At the same time known cultural forms figs, whose stems develop without fertilization.These, t. N.parthenocarpic, forms used in the culture room.Indoors fig tree is grown from the middle of the XVI century.Successfully fruits even in rooms with windows on the north.Its fruits are not only of exceptional nutritional value, but also have expressed medicinal properties.
How to grow ficus home
Indoors grow up to 10 species of ficus, but the most popular of them - is Ficus elastica, our old friend, as well as ficus repens - Ficus repens.Often addicted lovers and the variegated species, such as ficus rzhavolistnym.
Mature plants can live indoors for many years, developing well, growing in size, saving a lot of leaves.To them life was a long and healthy, effort is required not so much.
Conditions of detention: ficus elastic enough shadow-he may well exist in the corner of the room, away from the window, but still gets the most decorative, if you set it in front of the window.It also nepriveredliv temperature conditions, but still feels comfortable in the winter in rooms with a temperature of 10-15 ° C.Young plants contain in small pots, and as growth transplanted into pots by handling larger diameter.Too big pots undesirable - perhaps acidification of the soil.Transshipment produced only when the entire pot is filled with roots.
soil mixture for ficus up of equal parts of leaf and turf ground with the addition of sand.
Water the ficus when the earth in the pot dry out, it is important to avoid stagnation of water in the pan.