One of the most beautiful views, a native of the state of Leon in Mexico.
Leaves oval-spatulate, 2-3 cm in diameter, are assembled into a tight spiral almost flat outlet.Each plant during the growing season formed 25-30 leaves.
Colouring silver-gray with a clear violet hue, the intensity of which is enhanced by the edge of the leaf blade.
flowers on long stalks, five-membered, asymmetrical, 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, two upper petals smaller round, the bottom three - but oval1-ovate.Bright violet color harmonizes wonderfully with the shade of the leaves.Trapping the leaves of this species are formed under the ground.
insect trapping mechanism in pinguicula fairly simple.The leaves have a limited capacity for movement.Their shiny surface two types of glands are located: one with long legs isolated stalked adhesive liquid, and others - sit - digestive enzymes.Dimensions microscopic glands, the number on one relatively small piece of up to several thousand.
extraordinarily varied i
Courtship.Pinguicula well suited poluzatenennoe place, it is enough for 5 hours per day of bright ambient light.Watering from May to September is carried out so that between two waterings top layer of the substrate is slightly dried up.It is best to use rainwater.Watered carefully, trying not to get water into the center of the outlet.Humidity was maintained at 70-80%.Optimum temperature during the growing season of 25 ° C by day and 20 ° C at night, but at high humidity can sustain plant and transient increase to 35 ° C.For the natives of the tropics in winter reduce the temperature to 10 ° C, and in a period of rest for some types of up to 4 ° C, and reduce watering.
European pinguicula for normal growth requires a period of rest.To do this they are placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, where it is kept for 3 to 5 weeks.
As a substrate, a mixture of vermiculite with coarsely chopped peat in the ratio of 3: 1, or living sphagnum peat and coarse sand in equal parts.Abroad, in the substrate sometimes added pozzolan - light small pieces, which are solidified volcanic lava.Some authors recommend to make a small amount of substrate dolomite, especially if the substrate is too much peat, to stabilize the pH level.hardly fed pinguicula.
pinguicula affected by aphids and mites.
pinguicula propagated by seeds and leaf cuttings.For zhiryanok 1st and 2nd groups of the main road - cuttings.In some species at the tips of the leaves are formed small child seedlings - the phenomenon of the so-called "false live birth."They carefully separated and perpetuate.The scientific institutions and botanical gardens possible reproduction by tissue culture - a few cells are placed on a medium of complex composition, and after this period of cell proliferation, differentiation begins.In this process the cells acquire specific structure and perform different functions, then the bodies are formed.