Darlington California

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Carnivorous Flowers

Darlingtonia californica

homeland - the mountain slopes and coastal bogs California and Oregon (USA).

Darlington - a perennial herb.The leaves are large, up to 60-80 cm in length (in the indoor environment is usually 15-20 cm), tubular, green with purple veins, pattern which resembles a snake skin pattern, the top of the curved and form a sort of a snake's head or helmet.This makes it possible to call Darlington in some countries - a plant-snake.The top sheet and forms an extended deeply forked forked appendage drooping.It prevents water from entering the jug and lower the blade appendage in natural growing conditions like insects indicate the path.The lower part of the leaf is narrow, sometimes lamina S-shaped curved.

leaves away from nodes underground stolons, in the same form and adventitious roots.At the bottom-jugs leaf juice is sweet and strong walls are dotted with sharp hairs pointing downwards.A very original way to Darlington in "trapping" insects.Attracted by the scent of nectar and bright

ly colored variations of the epididymis, they fly in a "helmet" and then deceived transparent "windows" colorless thin sections of the helmet) and try to fly, hit, fall to the bottom of the trap.S-shaped leaf shape makes it more difficult insects out.An interesting fact is that Darlington does not produce digestive enzymes, and uses "services" of bacteria that decompose the bodies of the dead insects.

At Darlington extraordinarily beautiful, fairly large bell-shaped flowers with a brownish-purple, pink or deep red petals, shaded pale-green sepals.

Courtship.Darlington need to partial shade location.lighting period of not less than 14 hours. The plant is extremely sensitive to heat, so it is advisable to lay on the surface of the substrate pieces of ice.Darlington can withstand the temperature and - 28 to 30 ° C, but only if the roots are in the cold.Therefore, should not be used for the cultivation of plastic or other impermeable to water and air pots.They are also not in any case should not be dark, and the more black.The most suitable terracotta clay pots or containers.In winter, in a rest period the temperature is reduced to 5-10 ° C.

In "florariume" Darlington can live 5-7 years.

Watering is carried out with cold soft water, usually on the surface of the substrate immediately after a slight drying of the upper layer.In winter, watering once a week.It is useful to spray.Humidity was maintained at 79%.

The best substrate is a living sphagnum, but usually a mixture of peat, leaf soil, sand and charcoal in a ratio of 2: 0.5: 0.5.

repot the plant every 3 years.

Upon detection of insect pests is best to use infusions and decoctions of insecticidal treatment plants as Darlington is very sensitive to chemicals, or, in extreme cases, reduce the dose to twice the recommended.

propagated by stolons Darlington sites with several leaves and roots.