Venus flytrap

August 12, 2017 17:51 | Carnivorous Flowers

Dionaea muscipula

Motherland - the coastal regions of one of the US states - North Carolina.

Externally, the plant looks like a rosette leaves long-petiolate, the petioles in the upper part of the expanded height of 10-25 cm..The young plants are shortened.Leaf triangular-cordate, 3-8 cm long, folded along the central vein, located on the edge of long hairs, three sensitive hairs are in the upper part of the leaf blade.

leaf trap closes even if the insect touches two of the three sensory hairs to one or two times in a row.After slamming the trap sheet becomes a cylindrical shape, and the hairs form a "lock", through which the insects can not get out.

In this state, the sheet is up to 40 hours. At the same time the digestive glands secrete substances (primarily pepsin) that affect insect body protein compound.

On long stalks are formed few-flowered inflorescences, umbrellas from a rather large flowers.

Venus flytrap - one of the most common species in culture, so there is quite a lot of varieties.

Guant - powerful plant with large leaves, traps up to 5 cm long, purple-colored.The color intensity is increased in the bright sun.

Akai Ryi - painted in purple color, not only leaf blades, but also petioles.

Regular - very elegant rounded form rosette of young green and purple leaves over adults.

Courtship.Venus Flytrap is quite tolerant to culture conditions.In natural conditions, it is easy to tolerate as a short-term drought and flooding.It grows on poor sandy soils with a high water table.

For successful growth it needs intense light, but no direct sunlight at noon.It responds well to plant fresh air.

temperature was maintained at 22-26 ° C in winter to reduce 7- 10 ° C.

Watering must be abundant, it is best to place the flycatcher in palyudariumov.Optimum air humidity - 60-70%.Watering soft or cooled boiled water.Do not spray, as the leaves rot easily.Some authors are advised to carry out watering pot dip in rain water for 1 hour twice a week., Soil should be breathable, loose with a high content of peat.The most suitable mixture of peat, peat moss, sand in equal parts, a slightly acidic pH level.Feeding is carried out once every two weeks with a dilute solution of mineral fertilizers.Scientists who specialize in the study of insect-eating plants, sometimes advised to "feed" flytrap dead mosquitoes, flies and even small pieces of meat, carefully placing them on the sheet surface.

From pests Flytrap subject to attack by aphids.

propagated by dividing the old plant specimens, leaf cuttings, scales pseudobulbs, less seeds which are sown in the spring, at 18-22 ° C.They germinate in 20-40 days.Picking is carried out after the development of 3-4 traps.