Caladium ( Kelada ) two color
family Araceae.Rhode Caladium.
natural climatic conditions: the humid tropics of South America - the coast of the large rivers.
herb with tuberiform thickened roots;Leaves on long stalks, large, arrow-shaped, thin, can have a variety of colors (especially in hybrid form): multi-colored spots (white, silver, pink and other colors.) form unique patterns;some forms of apparent bright green border, while the main background consists exclusively of spots.The flowers are inconspicuous.
rest period in late summer, is expressed clearly (there are only roots), because of what some fans consider Caladium annuals.The main difficulty kala Bureaux cultivation - to maintain the necessary moisture during the growing season and constantly high temperatures, including after the death of aboveground parts of the plant.
requirement to moisture: Immediately after planting the tubers in the spring - moderate watering, during active vegetative growth - abundant watering, which are reduced to 1 times per week after the ter
Temperature: constant optimal temperature in all periods of life Caladium - 20-22 ° C during storage of tubers - not lower than 13 ° C, and then for a short time.Temperatures above 25 ° C are also undesirable, except for a short period from the beginning of growth of transplanted spring tubers (about two weeks), even when it is recommended.It can not tolerate drafts.
Light mode: strong, but indirect lighting.With a lack of light leaves fade, but the direct sun rays cause burns.Optimal eastern and western exposure with large windows and rooms.The possibility of artificial lights.
requirement to the soil: coarse fiber optimum ground from the foliaceous earth, peat (peat moss) and Peek crumbs in equal parts, are desirable additives chopped sphagnum.In a period of growth - ten-day feeding alternating mineral and organic fertilizers (solutions).
Reproduction: dividing tubers overwintered at the beginning of their growth.Always seeding the sections with charcoal and drying in air (easily rot).Rarely - seeds.
Features: you can not wipe the leaves, so as not to damage their surface.The tubers are stored until spring in an old earth, spring transplanted into a new zemlesmes;capacitance should not be too large (optimum: 2.3 tuber per pot 12 cm in diameter).During the growing season transplantation is contraindicated, but the handling is not superfluous.