Dates, date palm
This genus includes about 17 species, native to the tropics of the Old World from the Canary Islands, through Africa and Madagascar to India, Malaysia and Sumatra.Since ancient times, people have learned to grow these valuable plants.Dates - a very beautiful and unpretentious palms, loved by many growers.In room culture introduced species:
Phoenicia Canary Ph.canariensis
Homeland - Canary Islands.,
• The leaves are up to 2.5 meters in length without bending.In adult specimens usually dense rosette, consisting of 25-30 wai.
Phoenicia arcuate Ph.reclinata
Homeland - Comoros.
Leaves up to 1.5-2 m in length, arched.Leaflets lanceolate, up to 30 cm long and 2.5 cm wide.
Phoenicia Forest Ph.silvestris
Homeland - South Asia, India.
leaves up to 4 m, a length of an arc spreading.Leaflets up to 30 cm long and 2 cm wide, straight, not flexible, bottom-gray.
date palm Ph.dactilyfera
Homeland - North Africa, Arabia, and Iran.This is the kind of ordinary dates, sweet fruits which are know
Phoenicia rock Ph.rupicola
Homeland - Madagascar.
leaves up to 3 m in length, arched, light green.Leaflets sit densely, reaching 35-45 cm in length.
Courtship.It grows best at moderate temperatures (18-20 C).In winter, you want to lower the temperature - to 8-12S.Love the clean air and the frequent airing but can not tolerate drafts.Put need as close as possible to the windows.Better feel on glassed-in balcony or in home greenhouses.The optimum orientation is east windows.In the summer months can be taken in the garden, but the plants are accustomed to the new conditions should gradually.Summer abundantly watered, but in the evening the water is drained from the tray.In winter, watering is moderate, but do not lead to overdrying.In summer, fed by mineral and organic fertilizers (1 times a week from May to end of August).I have proven solution mullein.Always need to be watered only with warm water (25-30 ° C).In the summer months, regularly sprayed, and wash the leaves, but it should be done so that water does not enter the vagina sheet (sinus), otherwise it will lead to decay and death of the plant.Soil mixture for young plants are prepared by mixing the turf, hardwood soil, humus soil and sand (1: 1: 1: 1).Adult plant composition of the components is the same, but increase by 2 times the amount of heavy sod land.Transplant as little as possible: young specimens 1 every 2-3 years and older - 1 time in 5 years and less.Some species are very poorly tolerate transplantation (eg, Ph. Dactilyfera).It is advisable to periodically replace the top layer of the earth.Denude adventitious roots need to wrap the wet moss.
reproduction.Propagated by seeds, which are sown in loose sandy soil.The optimum temperature for germination 20-23 ° C.Need a consistently high level of humidity.The seeds germinate very quickly and amicably.