large family garden bells widely represented forms like biennials and perennials.The last ones are of interest to us.The Latin name of the bell campanula (means "bell").Therefore, it is often called - kampanula.emergence of such centers is considered to be the Caucasus and the Mediterranean.That's where there is the great variety of species and varieties.Under natural conditions, bells grow in meadows, forest edges, along rivers, in the shady ravines.From there they moved to the gardens in the XVI century.
We used to think that a sky blue bells.In fact, in addition to cyan, blue, violet color corolla bells have yellow, white, hot pink, purple, dark red.Drooping gray-pink flowers are bell dot covered with purple dots.Equally exotic look at the bell Takosima.Selecting a large color (white, blue, lilacky, mauve, pink), and height (from 10 to 150 cm).The shape of the flower can also vary - from the narrow, highly elongated to wide-open, or stellate.
In Russia, these plants have long been known and have alw
There is a popular belief that a moat in the year, on the night of Ivan Kupala (from 6 but on July 7), you can hear a quiet ringing of bells.
most often from a rosette of narrow leaves are raised thin strong flower stalks, which are located paniculate or racemose inflorescences.There are giants up to 150 cm and above, such as persicifolia, with large white flowers.But there are, as the baby Carpathian, which so strongly branched stem, the plant is spreading in all directions and becomes literally ground cover.Tiny white flowers of a carpet dim all the space occupied by them.
blooming almost all the bells for a long time (about 40 days) and abundant, mostly from late June to early August.If you do not be lazy and pick off the dried flowers, then flowering can be extended in almost all plants.Carpathian bellflower, for example, blooms in itself almost all summer, from June to September.
Most bells prefer neutral soils, but can grow and slightly acidic.Responsive to make lime or ash.For the soil has low, but certainly better to grow and blossom into good garden soil.In this case, they may well do without fertilizing.But if the soil poor, in the spring they will have to feed or any other NPK fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (1 tbsp. Tablespoon per 10 liters of water).Large doses of fertilizer is not recommended to make under the bells, because although they are magnificent and long lasting bloom, but will die within 3-4 years.
Bells is quite drought-resistant, but prefer moderately moist soil.Watering them only at the time of bud formation and during the dry hot weather, and they may well do without irrigation.What do not like, it's stagnant water, so they should not be planted in low and damp places.Prefer slightly shading the place where the flower longer and more brightly than the sun.Tall plant with large flowers, such as persicifolia, krapivolistny, broadleaf, and some medium growth (eg, Takosima and Spot), tend to bloom well in shady corners of the garden.
After flowering stalks should be cut at ground level.Plants quite hardy, but some late autumn Mediterranean species better, just in case, fill with a mixture of peat and sand.
At one place can grow for a long time, but better than every 2-3 years to divide them and plant out, it is sufficient to separate the part of the new shovel, regrown in late summer rosette of basal leaves and move to another place.They can easily take root.It can be propagated not only by dividing the bush, but root suckers, which are separated from the mother bush spring.Bells easily propagated by softwood cuttings, which take in the early summer, young shoots grow back.Propagated by them and seeds.You can sow directly into the ground in the fall, but the seeds are small and tend to disappear.Therefore it is best to grow them through seedlings.Sow their home in March, the snow made by the soil in the container seedling.Place in a plastic bag, tie it, and leave in the fridge for a couple of weeks.After that, take out the room to light.When the seedlings will have 2-3 true leaves, raspikiruyte (seedling) on their individual apartment and after a pass by frost, transplant into place.For high-grade planting scheme is 50 x 50 cm, medium - 30 x 30 cm, and stunted varieties can be planted 20 plants per 1 m2.
Pests and diseases rarely damage the bells, but they love the slugs.Therefore, in the rainy summer should scatter around landings metaldehyde (sold under the names "Meta" or "Storm"), sometimes there is rust on the leaves.Then spray the plant should be any copper-containing drug.But it is always better to prevent disease than to treat the plant.Therefore, the easiest with the appearance of seedlings - process for the prevention of all the plants in the area "Healthy Garden", and then every 3 weeks to conduct spraying or pouring (directly at the plant and the soil beneath it) to repeat.And excellent prevention - soil watering in spring and autumn "fitosporin" drug solution plus "Gumi".
For flowerbeds and mixborders more suitable tall bluebells (120- 150 cm), such as broad-leaved, pyramidal, krupnokolosny.They look spectacular on the lawn by the pond.From sredneroslye (50-70 cm) can be arranged Curtain or a bed and place them along the track.Only it is necessary to consider one feature: after flowering, they almost disappear, and only after a month there is a new rosette of leaves.Therefore, they should not be put in the foreground.
most decorative bell Hoffman, Twisted, Mottled, Sarmatian From sredneroslye varieties.For the rocky hills are very attractive stunted form (about 30 cm) and ground cover (10-12 cm).In addition to this group of the Carpathian Mountains are, Bearded, Sartori, Gargan, Caucasian and others.They can be planted in pots, pots and containers, not just on the roller coaster.