cornflower

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Different Colors

This is a very ancient plant, a faithful companion of rye, as well as poppy - wheat satellite.Where sowing rye, certainly it appears out of nowhere, and knapweed.

to us in Russian knapweed came from Asia together with rye, which was not known either to the ancient Egyptians or Greeks, why knapweed came to Central Europe, bypassing Srednezemnomore.It was first mentioned in the writings of Pliny the Elder, who lived from 79 to 37 till Christmas.Cornflower, apparently, was in Greece and Rome, along with rye - the main source of food for the slaves.But Roman patricians though did not eat bread made from rye, but yet his famous feasts adorn themselves with wreaths of cornflowers.There are several legends about the origin of cornflower.One of them says that the sky was angry that the ears of rye standing wall will turn heads in front of him, settled among them knapweed.When the rye ripened, then I bend their ears to the cornflower, which the blue color reminded her of all-powerful sky.

Weave garlands of corn

flowers among the peoples of Europe received widespread.But especially loved cornflowers in Germany.In the days of William I cornflower even became a symbol of German sovereignty.Cornflower and called - "the flower of the Emperor."Linked to this is an interesting and quite believable story.During the Napoleonic Wars, most German states joined the anti-Napoleonic coalition.When Napoleon conquered Germanic lands, he brutally cracked down on the defeated.Queen Louise was able to avoid the violence, hiding with the children in Königsberg.During the expulsion of the royal court luster dimmed considerably, and Louise often strolled with their children in the fields.One day she meets a village girl, who offered to buy the Queen in her bouquet collected in the field of cornflowers rye.It wove wreaths and putting them on the head of the royal children, he foretold a happy future and destiny uncommon.Moved mother generously endowed sharpness Woman.But the most striking was the fact that her son William became the first emperor of a united Germany, and her daughter Charlotte was married to the Russian Emperor Nicholas I and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna began.But modest cornflower has become not only a favorite of the two royal families, but also a symbol of the German state.I must say that the Germans loved flower.Flower of luck, he was loved and respected in Germany so far.In Russia, has long been loved without any mystical stories.

long cornflowers bloom in summer.Sometimes, it may undergo a second flowering in autumn.The earliest - Centaurea montana, a height of about 50 cm and blooms profusely from May to July, feathery inflorescences of white, purple or pink, depending on the variety.In the medium term (June-July) flowers Centaurea dealbata height of 60 cm, which has two excellent varieties: Steenberg large crimson flowers with a white center and an even larger John Coté with pink and yellow flowers.

highest (80-150 cm) cornflower Macrocephalae, the average period of flowering, which in the thick stems bloom yellow balls.

Cornflower requires virtually no worries.It likes sun and good soil proizvestkovannye (ie, he needs a calcium), but it can do and what we have, including put up with very poor soil and penumbra.It is quite drought-resistant, so that the North-West you can not water our wet region.

Although stories with cornflower dealt with the annuals, biennials and there, and perennials.All are easily propagated by seeds that can be sown in the spring, in April, and in the autumn, in October, and once in place previously freed from weeds.His large seeds buried in the soil under the scheme 5x5 cm tall varieties later should sit on the scheme 30 × 30 cm and nizkorosye -. 15 x 15cm.cornflowers are sown in spring bloom in the autumn of the same, and in the autumn sowing - the following year.Seeds remain viable for 3 years.Share and plant out perennials should be in 3-4 years, otherwise the bloom becomes defective.Thus they are propagated and - dividing the bush in the beginning of summer or at the very end.

Tall varieties look beautiful in group plantings and lawn edges and undersized well suited to the rocky hills.