Big race, having a wide tropical distribution.The most well-known and economically important species is coconut nucifera (C. nucifera), widely spread along the coast and islands of the equatorial zone.This is due to the fact that its large fruit for a long time kept afloat and are carried by waves over long distances.This species is resistant to salinity and grows well on the ocean beaches and shallows, sometimes at the very edge of the high tide.Besides coconut nucifera for cultivation in the rooms are recommended:
Coconut Veddelya S. weddeliana (== Microcoelum weddeliana)
homeland - Brazil.
leaves are arched, the upper side of the leaf - a brilliant green, the bottom side - silver.Frond up to 1 m. On the leaf axis (rachis) sits up to 50 pairs of leaflets.Each leaf has a length of about 12 cm and a width of up to 4 cm
Coco feathery S. plumosa (= Syagrus plumosa)
Motherland -. Colombia, Venezuela.
Has large leaves (fronds) to 3.5 m in length.Leaflets linear pointed, arranged in
Coconut winding S. flexuosa (= Syagrus flexuosa)
Motherland -. Antilles, Costa Rica.
leaves (fronds) arc-shaped, up to 1.8 m in length.On leaf axis (rachis), sitting on 70 pairs of leaflets.Each leaf has a length of 25-40 cm and a width of 0.8 cm. The upper leaves are 10 cm and a width of 0.2 cm.
Courtship.The plants are placed as close as possible to the windows.The best place for growing these trees - the northeast or east window.On the south side you need to pritenyat curtains or paper.Optimum temperature 22-24 ° C.Winter contain at temperatures below 16 ° C.Watering is abundant in the summer, but the water from the pallets need to be drained immediately, because the plants did not tolerate its stagnation at the roots.Winter watering less frequently warm water (not less than 30 ° C).It is best to water when the top clod slightly dried out.We can not allow complete drying and cracking of the earth.When planting and transplanting a mixture of the following composition: turf ground, deciduous earth, coarse sand, you can add crushed tf or coral sand (1: 1: 1: 1/2).
reproduction.Seed.It is more expedient to carry out in a greenhouse or in a special hotbed heated.