On the Origin of delphinium there nice legend.Greek boy decided to depict their favorite in stone.But the gods did not like it, and they turned it into a dolphin, forced to live in the sea.The girl every night waiting for a loved one on the beach.One swam to her dolphin threw at her feet a wonderful flower, which she named in honor of the beloved delphiniums.Delphinium is referred to as soda flower and herb even in the treatises of ancient Greece, and in European cultural sodas delphiniums modern varieties have appeared only in the XIX century.
Delphinium more than 150 species.Among them are annuals and perennials.
perennial delphiniums prefer loamy, rich booze, moderately moist soil, with near neutral (pH 5.5-6).planting site should be openly by, the sun, but the shading in the afternoon.Tall varieties (about 2-2.5 m) require garters to the supports.These plants do not Sakai single plants.They put a separate curtain wall on the scheme 60 × 60 cm. Long, up to 50-100 cm, inflorescence may contain up to
delphiniums usually bloom in July, approximately 2-3 weeks.If you cut the flower stalks at soil level (without touching the rosette of leaves!) At the time of wilting most of the flowers, it can cause re-bloom in late August, though not as plentiful.Please be aware that re-bloom leads to a weakening of the plant, and the plant is not as abundant flowering the following year.
Delphiniums - amazingly beautiful plants.There are varieties with flowers of pure tones, there are iridescent, rolling from one to another.Very often in the center of the flower has a different eye color, in particular black or white, which gives it a peculiar charm.Particularly elegant semi-double and double varieties.Of greatest interest to gardeners are the variety of cultural Spurrier Pacific Group.
The gardens Northwest especially popular varieties:
Black Knight - dark purple;
King Arthur - purple with white eye;
Blue Jay - blue with a dark eye;
Spring Snow - purple and white with a white eye;
pink sunset - purplish-pink with darker eye;
Vespers - a bluish-pink-purple;
Astolat - pink, raspberry pink, pink and red with a dark eye;
Senseyshn Pink - Pink iridescent;
Lilac spiral - purple with white eye;
Million - bright blue;
Blue Tit - dark blue;
Naina - purple-blue with a white eye;
Summer Sky - blue with a white eye;
Lyudmila - blue with a white eye;
blue lace - blue with a white eye;
Blue bis - light blue;
Daughter winter - white with a black eye, Sir Galahed - pure white;
Batterboll - cream.
Delphiniums carried out of the soil a lot of mineral elements, so the soil before planting should be well filled up with organic and mineral fertilizers.Planting holes should be prepared in advance.They are made deep enough, since delphinium taproot, leaving a considerable depth.That is why plants do not tolerate transplanting, especially at an older age.Landing pit should have a size of 40 x 40 x 40 cm. It is made 2 buckets of rotted compost, 1 cup of ash (or a half-glass of dolomite or lime), 1 tbsp.spoon any fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.It is best to prepare a hole in the spring, and plant the plant in August.Stems are cut when landing at a height of 10 cm. Bury the plant for 1 -2 cm. Before the onset of frost plants have time to take root well.Delphiniums - heat-loving plants can freeze solid in the harsh winters, so the fall should be planted delenki cover of spruce branches.In the spring, after the melting of snow, spruce branches should be removed.
For good flowering in the first year, in the spring, when the plant will go to the growth and reach 10 cm should be left at the 3 strong plant stem, while weak - only 1.
in the future should not be in the bush to leave more than 3-4stems shoots.In the spring when the stalks begin to grow, leave only the strongest, the others cut out by the roots.They, incidentally, can be used as cuttings for propagation.
All later shoots should also be removed.
Once bypassed frost, the plants are fed mineral fertilizer.It is best suited for this purpose "Rastvorin" Buyskiy chemical plant or flower of the same plant fertilizer, but in general you can use any other, containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.Suffice it to 1 tablespoon.tablespoons per 10 liters of water.Fertilizing but poured 1 liter at the root of each plant.If you grow foliage is pale green in color, it is necessary to feed an additional infusion of weeds or manure.When the buds again give mineral fertilizer, but for 3 tbsp.tablespoons per 10 liters of water.After flowering should feed delphinium phosphorus and potassium fertilizers - 1 tbsp.spoon every 10 liters of water (or autumn fertilizer plant Buyskiy -. 2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water), a solution of 0.5 liters under the bush.
Delphiniums are not big fans of nitrogen, so do not overdo dressings infusions of manure or weeds.They - kalielyuby, therefore, respond well to the introduction of ash and potash fertilization (only without chlorine!).They also need boron.The easiest way to pollinate the plants through the leaves a couple of times per season with powder of boric acid to water or boric acid solution (2 g per 10 liters of water).
If after flowering to cut only the inflorescence, leaving stalks and leaves until they are completely drying, the rootstocks significantly
but razrostutsya but next year and provide luxuriant bloom.In the fall, when all pozhuhnet foliage, cut the aboveground part at the level of the soil.Many gardeners do not make such a short crop, hemp and leave 20 cm high, but definitely obscure sections of clay, because the hollow stalk of delphinium, and gotten it cut through the water causes a decay of rhizomes.It can be on the safe side, pour a bucket of peat on the plant to protect delphiniums from death in the harsh winter.In the spring, when the ground thaws, peat shovel from tillering center and around the rake.It will serve as mulch material for the plant.
autumn recommend delphinium often cut at a height of 30-40 cm. It can not be done, because it has a tubular stem and funnel water gets during the autumn rains, causing rhizome rot, or, as is done by amateur growers, it is necessary to coverclay slices.
for disease prevention delphinium can be regularly (once every 2-3 weeks) to spray the drug "Healthy Garden".
against disease, you can use "Zircon", which among other things also increases the size of the flower and the intensity of its color.
Of delphinium pests attacking a fly-scoop, spider mite.Regular spraying "Healthy Garden" plant pests do not touch.But if you do not have this drug, then spray every 3 weeks preparation "Fitoverm" or "bio-Spark", since the moment cherry blossom.Incidentally, the self-defense of any plant enhances regular fertilizing (1 every 2-3 weeks) organic fertilizer "Gumi" or microbial fertilizer "Ekstrasol".
If attacked delfiniumnaya fly the Zamulchiruyte peat soil.The fly does not like peat and delphiniums circled round.Sometimes the ends of shoots aphid colonizes.Against her excellent acting "Perimor", as well as preventative spraying spring "Healthy Garden" (2-3 times in May and June).
During wet summer delphinium may develop powdery mildew.Correct business easy: do not water the leaves - and it will not be.But the rains did not keep the plant, so you have to use a blue spray (Bordeaux liquid, homom, copper sulfate) or use the Zircon, soda ash (3 tbsp. Tablespoons per 10 liters of water).
Sometimes there is a black spot or bacterial wilt In both cases, good help "fitosporin" or Zircon ".
Delphiniums, generally speaking, are not perennials, they rather maloletniki, because they require dividing every 3 years, or you can suddenly lose them.They, like phlox, the middle of the bush becomes rotten.It should be cut.Transplant can be done in May, but in the North West is best done in August.It is necessary to dig up the shrub, divide it into separate parts by cutting out the middle, and sit down.All sections should be well fill with ash.
delphiniums propagated by dividing the bush, cuttings or seeds.Share can be 3-4-year-old bushes on 5-6 parts.Each delenki should have 2-3 buds resume and a good root system.Then the deposited plant will bloom the following year.But, as mentioned above, delphinium difficult to take root, so sometimes bloom postponed for a year.To help the plant, fertilize it regularly "fitosporin" plus "Gumi".If there is a "Ekstrasol", then add it to 1 tablespoon.spoon every 10 liters of solution.Spray "Cubic Zirconia" in the first year of planting (every 2 weeks), or use the "Healthy Garden".
cuttings are cut in the spring, when they grow up to 5-10 cm at the base of the root collar.They should not be below the hollow portion of the stem.The lower ends of the cuttings to be pollinated and ashes "Kornevinom".
Ensure that the soil does not dry up.Regularly watered and sprayed "Ferovitom" with "Cubic Zirconia".In the fall of rooted cuttings can be planted in place.
When seed reproduction parental properties are not passed, so you yourself will become a breeder and it can get a hitherto unknown variety.Fresh seeds (they ripen in August, for this it is necessary to leave the withered hand on the stems) immediately sown in the greenhouse.Shoots appear in autumn and spring can vymerznut, so they should be for the winter shelter spruce branches.To this do not bother, better to sow seeds directly under the winter (late November).In the spring shoots appear, they should be raspikirovat 2-3 plants in one container or thin out under the scheme 10x10 cm, and in August to drop into place under the scheme 40 × 40 cm. The following year, the seedlings can bloom.
If you sow the seeds for seedlings at home, they should be pre-stratification (cool).To do this, the seeds sown containers should be buried in the snow (on the balcony or balconies) or in the refrigerator for a week.Then put in a warm room into the light.There is a nuance: as delphinium seeds have a very small, they are not covered with soil at planting.The wet ground is compacted scatter seeds on the surface and cover with foil to emergence.Or at sowing seedlings at home in March in the snow making capacity on the surface of the soil and sown seeds in the snow.Melted, it will pull the seeds in the ground by half.Containers placed in a plastic bag, tie it.Shoots poured through a syringe needle which is inserted into the ground.When the plants begin to grow and overwhelm one side, it is necessary to match them podgresti soil.After a pass from frost threat, the seedlings can sit either in shkolku until next spring, either directly to the place.But here it is important not to let weeds score them and dry out the soil.
All delphiniums look beautiful in group plantings and among the other colors in the center of the flower beds.But in the latter case it is better to use a lower grade (1 - 1.5 m).For them, the planting scheme of 45 x 45cm.They are also suitable for the background in mixborders or rabatkah.Good combination with delphiniums phlox, rudbeckia, Lupin.There are stunted dwarfs, only 50-70 cm in height, which is enough for 30 x 30 cm.