Violation of sulfur and secretion of the sebaceous glands of the outer ear canal
Violation of the functions of the sebaceous glands and sulfur (decrease or increase their function), located at the base of the ear canal promotes dryness or formation of cerumen in the ear canal.When sulfur reduced function of the sebaceous glands and excessive dryness is a concern, unpleasant and even agonizing itching in the ear canal.
Treatment consists of local application of ointments with menthol, using gentle massage of the skin ear canal in order to enhance the function of the sebaceous glands and sulfur, in some cases, improves subjective condition.Sulfur-epidermal plug removed instrumentally, sometimes in the operating room.
Congenital ear fistula occurs in 2-3 cases per 1000 newborns, has a diameter of 1-2 mm.Fistula ear can be on one or both sides (symmetrically) as a pinhole, from which the pressure-sensitive sometimes pus.Perhaps its combination with fistulas of the neck.Often only when excision of the fistulous discover that it comes down to the bone and to the tympanic cavity, or is co
the presence of inflammatory phenomena previously carried out an anti-inflammatory treatment with an abscess in the area of inflammation it opened.During the period of operation using only local anesthesia.The fistula was excised together with the tissue changes.
Anomalies of the middle and inner ear are often combined with anomalies of the inner ear, congenital hearing disorder of central origin.They can be combined with anomalies of the lower jaw, cleft hard and soft palate, known as cleft lip, facial nerve paresis and soft palate, congenital heart disease.In addition, often formed underdevelopment of the facial skeleton (lower jaw, and so on. D.), Dentition malocclusion.
anomalies of the middle ear can be in any part of the sound-conducting system - from the eardrum to the inner ear labyrinth.The tympanum may be missing or slit-like shape.The auditory ossicles (hammer especially) are often rudimentary, often soldered together, with the walls of the tympanic cavity or non-existent.Deformation of the auditory ossicles can be very different.There are congenital hypoplasia of the facial nerve, the anomalies of the inner ear labyrinth, auditory tube, blood vessels, muscles, joints anvil and stapes (small ossicles of the middle ear).Hearing changes depend on the severity of the ossicular anomalies, as well as their mobility.For children with a congenital anomaly characterized by the development of the auditory ossicles deafness and deaf-mutism.Sometimes changed their mental development, they begin to talk late, poorly in school.Often there is mental retardation (debility).Children with unilateral anomaly of the organ of hearing speech development is usually correct.
important to clarify the diagnosis of anomalies of the ear have data rentgenotomograficheskogo study, in which is possible to detect changes in the middle ear.
Operations produced in the middle ear, make it possible to restore sound conduction and hearing.Sometimes pre removed razrascheniya adenoid, polyps Hoan, carried turbinotomy.Operations, improve hearing, held at the large and small ear hypoplasia, abnormalities of the middle ear caused by endocrine diseases.The goal of surgery is to restore the external auditory canal, the reconstruction of elements of sound-conducting system of the middle and outer ear, followed by reduction of hearing.The scope and methods of operation depend on the nature and degree of underdevelopment of certain elements of the middle ear.
anomalies of the inner ear are rare in the absence of the labyrinth.Most meet a variety of limited malformations.Since all congenital malformations of the ear are often combined (outer, middle and inner ear), it gives reason to combine them into syndromes.