Daylily - flower intelligent tape.There is a famous saying: if Lily - favorite flower of kings, the daylilies - the joy of their gardeners.Another name daylily, day-lily, and the right - gemerokallis.
interest and daylilies is increased, then subsided again.
Their homeland is considered the eastern part of Asia.In Japan and China, these plants are cultivated for many centuries.Incidentally, in these countries there is a belief that if the leaves and flowers daylily touch the hand - all the sadness go away from the soul.In Europe, the daylilies wild species are also known izdoena, but they can be found meadows, and to this day.But their arrival in the European gardens began only from the XVI century.
Since each flower spike can carry up to 40 buds, blossoms and simultaneously 3-4 bud and stems in each plant may be more than a dozen, and they do not grow at the same time, the daylilies in bloom profuse and prolonged.
Hemerocallis - surprisingly unpretentious and resistant plants.It has to be just right
daylilies have virtually no pests, and they are no sick, unless it can rot the root collar due to waterlogged soil.Therefore, do not put daylilies in low places, especially at close distance of the groundwater.In this situation, they should be planted on a raised ridge.In addition, around the root collar should pour a major river sand.The plant has a powerful rhizome, but compact and korotkovetvistoe, so a relatively small area you can place a lot of plants (planting scheme is 50 x 50 cm).Its roots deeply into the soil, forming an underground stolons.
High above the leaves rise up straight, strong, does not require garters flower stalks bearing a large number of buds gradually drop.Elegant flowers modern varieties like the lily a wide range of colors (except pure blue, white and blue).Often there are two-colored, with stripes and strokes or rings of a different color or tone.The variety of forms of flower petals, and an amazing variety of shapes are staggering when you see a collection of these beautiful plants.
There are varieties with a striped white and green leaves.
Pit should be prepared in advance, its size should be larger than the root system.Fill it with a mixture of soil excavated from the pit with sand and peat, adding well-rotted compost or manure in the ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1, add a glass of ash and well moistened.The roots before planting shorten by one-third of their length, to put them on for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate bright pink, then sprinkle "Kornevinom" or other korneobrazovatelem.Make a low mound in the center of the hole, spread the roots on it, cover the root neck coarse sand, and the roots of the soil.Now you have to plant and water the top soil under the plant zamulchirovat rotted manure.Check that the recessed root collar correctly.Deepening should not exceed 2 cm, otherwise the plant will not bloom!
spring, when the end of freezing, Feed the planting nitrogen and potassium (1 tbsp. Spoonful every 10 liters of water, consuming 0.5 liters per plant).If the plants are thrown flower stalks, then their Feed the phosphorus.It can simply zaryhlit the soil for planting (1 tbsp. Spoon under a bush), and after flowering Feed the phosphorus and potassium (1 tbsp. Spoonful every 10 liters of water).In the future, daylilies can not be fed mineral fertilizer if the fall will be for them to pour a bit of rotted manure, and in the spring - half a glass of ash or water the soil beneath them with a solution, "fitosporin" or "Gumi" in spring and autumn.Can every 3 years applied to the soil under the plants 1 h. Spoon of granulated fertilizer AVA.Or, instead of all this feed daylilies in spring, during bud formation and after flowering, Buyskikh fertilizer for flowers.Over time, the rhizome can become bare, so every 2-3 years to pour to it the sand and top soil.
propagated by dividing the rhizomes of daylilies, but this should be done, since the age of five.You can dig up using forks whole entire bush.Dilute with water from a hose roots.Dismantle their hands and gently cut the rhizome into pieces.Each delenki should have 2-3 buds.All sections were immediately sprinkle ash or grease green paint (available in pharmacies).But you can just distinguish acute shovel half of the bush, dig up her fork and divide by fission.The resulting void to fill a good, fertile soil.
Thus done and rejuvenation of the old bush.
There is one interesting way of breeding daylilies and accelerating sprawl bush, designed by American gardeners.In the spring, as soon as the aerial part grows back to a height of 5-7 cm, its low-cut (almost on level ground).If you leave a big stump, the plants do not bloom for a long time.Severed part can be cut of the same root in the usual way.Of the remaining roots in the soil quickly go from the land of several shoots.If you want to propagate the plant, in the fall of the shoots can be removed.
addition to all other advantages possessed daylily, he is also a hardy, so the shelter for the winter it is needed.Well, just perfect flower!You can choose varieties, flowering at different times, and you get a continuous flowering garden daylilies.The first of them, very early, begin to bloom in late May, early bloom in June is mid bloom from late June to early July, mid - late July-early August, srednepozdnie bloom throughout August.Major large-hybrids bloom in July and August.Late hybrids begin their bloom from late August to late September.In the Northwest, they generally fall under the first autumn frosts that the plant does not destroy itself, but the flowers are much spoil.In addition, even in the warm autumn they do not have time to lay the flower buds for next year, so we have a late varieties no longer justified.After flowering, the plants remain attractive.In recent years, it created a lot of double and semi-double hybrids.
Fit flower daylilies are divided into 3 groups: miniature flower with a diameter of 5-7 cm, srednetsvetkovye - up to 11 - 12 cm and large-- from 12 to 17 cm in height stems they are divided into Dwarf (about 30 cm).low (up to 50 cm), medium (50-80 cm) and tall (over 80 cm).
Dwarf suitable for rockeries (rocky hills).Low typically used for curbs, and the rest - in mixborders, rabatkah in group plantings, ponds for framing or landing individual clumps.Highest look good in the single crop here and there on the site.I must say that the beautiful foliage of daylilies can decorate unpretentious plants with the lower part, or such elevated part which loses decorative (or even lost) after flowering.Therefore, daylilies are planted in the foreground, in front of tall plants.They combine well with roses, phlox, delphiniums, all kinds of daisies.