Mandarin

May 11, 2016 23:00 | Citrus

Family - Rutaceae.Homeland - South-East Asia.

Mandarin - a perennial evergreen plant.The room its height up to 1 m, with a compact well-leafy crown.The leaves are leathery, dark green, lanceolate.Flowers are white with a wonderful aroma, appear in spring.The fruits ripen in autumn and hang on the plant for several months.One plant can be up to 50 - 70 fruits.

main condition for growing mandarin in the room - it was his slaboroslyh and dwarfism.Such requirements are primarily responsible early-maturing tangerine Japanese origin.

Mandarin - calorie
Nutritional information per 100 g:

Calories - 40 kcal

Protein - 1g

fat content - 1 g

Carbohydrate Content - 8 g

♦ Placement - lightsunny areas.In the spring with the onset of warm weather it is best to bring the plant into the air (on the balcony, veranda).If you have a plot in the summer the plant can be dropped into the soil along with the pot.During the winter should be kept in a bright, cool place.

♦ Care.In the summer watering abundant

in the winter - very moderate, as the drying of the soil clod - defended water at room temperature.From April to September - weekly fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers.To increase the humidity is recommended to put a plant tray with water and 2 - 3 times a day to spray water at room temperature.Repot the plant to 7 - 8 years of age each year in early spring, in the future - in a year.The best substrate for indoor mandarin is "Biohumus" or ready-ground "Rose".

♦ Pests and diseases - different kinds of scale insects, red spider mite, mealybug, citrus whitefly.With an excess or lack of moisture on the leaves there are various types of spot and leaves fall.

scale insects settled on a dedicated sooty fungus.Sometimes the leaves appear very bright spots - a sign of iron deficiency.It is necessary to make micronutrient fertilizers.

♦ Reproduction.Cuttings rooted heavily in special heated teplichke.It can be propagated by grafting, using as a rootstock seedlings grown from the seeds of an orange.

Ispolzovanie

Jam tangerines

Whole tangerines (with peel) blanch in water at a temperature of 90 ° C for 15 minutes.Cooled and kept in cold water 10 - 12 hours.After cooling, they are cut lengthwise into halves.Hot syrup is then poured and allowed to stand for 6-8 hours.Cook for 4 doses.1 kg tangerines consumes 1.2 kg of sugar.

salad tangerines, oranges and apples

2 tangerines, 2 oranges, 1 apple.Peel tangerines, oranges and apples.Cut into cubes, sprinkle with sugar (or sugar).Pour dry white wine (50 g), stir and put in a salad bowl and sprinkle with chopped walnuts (30 grams).Before serving to withstand the cold.