Monarda

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Different Colors

It is often called the Japanese mint.Of perennials widely Monarda didyma (Monarda didyma), which in many European countries is called "sweet bergamot" for the sweet taste of its leaves and tubular Monarda.. Plant height 80-90 cm At dvoychatoy flowers, gathered in capitate inflorescence about 7cm in diameter, can have a variety of colors: white, purple, pink, purple, crimson, depending on the variety.There is a feature: from the middle of the lower inflorescence grows another over it, and therefore called dvoychataya.At the same Monarda tubular shaped blossoms are painted in purple color.

plant got its name in honor of botanist Nicholas Monardes that in 1571, after returning from a trip around the world, described what he saw in the West Indies (America), unusual plants.It was there, and the description of the plant, from the dried leaves which Indians drink medicinal tea.Later, the plant was given the name Monarda, but in England it was called bergamot.

Monarda leaves like mint leaves, but have a punge

nt smell.Medicinal properties have Monarda are the same as at the mint.Tea leaves from mint leaves Japanese can gargle with angina or put gauze bag with steamed aboveground part of the plant to the aching joints, which relieves pain in them.Bergamot is used in the canning and the tea industry.Especially this tea is common in England.Collect bergamot leaves at the time of flowering and dry them in the shade, is stored in a sealed container for 2 years.The alcoholic beverage industry it was used as one of the ingredients in the manufacture of vermouth.In the food industry leaves other species Monarda (tubular), bitter taste, is used in place of bitter black pepper in marinades, salad, canned foods, dry spice blends.

Caution: Tea with bergamot, as well as with oregano, is contraindicated for pregnant women to avoid abortion!

Monarda grows well in full sun and in partial shade, undemanding to soil fertility, prefers slightly acidic, moderately moist soil.In the North-West under the plant behaves like maloletnik, not perennial, though written in the books that Monarda can grow in one place for 5-6 years without a transplant.Therefore, in 2-3 years, or are seated directly on the seeds in open ground in the spring.The distance between plants 40 cm. In order to avoid violating the composition, can sow the seeds near the parent plant.Thin out seedlings, unnecessary to transplant, and maternal, aging plant clean.Monarda bloom in July and August about 50 days.

Monarda is used for mixborders, beds, group plantings on the lawn.These colorful planting exotic look.