It is often called the Japanese mint.Of perennials widely Monarda didyma (Monarda didyma), which in many European countries is called "sweet bergamot" for the sweet taste of its leaves and tubular Monarda.. Plant height 80-90 cm At dvoychatoy flowers, gathered in capitate inflorescence about 7cm in diameter, can have a variety of colors: white, purple, pink, purple, crimson, depending on the variety.There is a feature: from the middle of the lower inflorescence grows another over it, and therefore called dvoychataya.At the same Monarda tubular shaped blossoms are painted in purple color.
plant got its name in honor of botanist Nicholas Monardes that in 1571, after returning from a trip around the world, described what he saw in the West Indies (America), unusual plants.It was there, and the description of the plant, from the dried leaves which Indians drink medicinal tea.Later, the plant was given the name Monarda, but in England it was called bergamot.
Monarda leaves like mint leaves, but have a punge
Caution: Tea with bergamot, as well as with oregano, is contraindicated for pregnant women to avoid abortion!
Monarda grows well in full sun and in partial shade, undemanding to soil fertility, prefers slightly acidic, moderately moist soil.In the North-West under the plant behaves like maloletnik, not perennial, though written in the books that Monarda can grow in one place for 5-6 years without a transplant.Therefore, in 2-3 years, or are seated directly on the seeds in open ground in the spring.The distance between plants 40 cm. In order to avoid violating the composition, can sow the seeds near the parent plant.Thin out seedlings, unnecessary to transplant, and maternal, aging plant clean.Monarda bloom in July and August about 50 days.
Monarda is used for mixborders, beds, group plantings on the lawn.These colorful planting exotic look.