What features of planting fruit trees and berry bushes?They are associated with the concepts of grafted and own-rooted plants and different planting depth, which is determined by the location of the root collar.Root collar - a place of transition in the roots of the plant stem, it is present (in seed plants) and conditional (in vegetatively propagated plants).Place the root collar of the tree can also be defined by a color change from greenish bark tones in light brown.
Burying the stems of seed plants in the soil leads to podoprevaniyu and rotting tissue that, in turn, can cause the death of the plant.
That's why when planting apple trees, pears, cherries, plums, grafted on rootstock seed, you need to make sure that the root collar of plants (after watering and settling of the soil) was at the level of the soil surface, ie,without deepening it.
exception will be planting these trees on sandy soils, where it is possible a slight deepening of the root collar (5-7 cm).We must not bury landing as the off
In this connection, it is recommended to prepare the planting hole under fruit seedlings in advance, so that the soil has had time to settle.It is also helpful when filling the pit soil mixed with organic and mineral fertilizers, lightly compacted down.And that was not void at the roots of seedlings at planting should be shaken and, if necessary, to fill the soil between the roots of his hands.
Immediately after planting the roots for better contact with the soil should be poured 1-2 buckets of water for 1 planted tree or shrub 2-3 bucket.And then the soil tree trunks circles (bands) should be zamulchirovat (peat, compost, etc. material layer 3-5 cm).In the autumn planting of seedlings, especially on sandy soils, the soil around-trunk circle should be further zamulchirovat pieces of cardboard that will reduce the strong autumn and winter freezing.To protect the soil from drying out and weeds in tree trunks is also advisable to impose a permanent mulch pieces (of opaque films, roofing material, linoleum, etc.) size of 40 x 40 cm (a kind of "collar").In addition, it will enable the content of the soil at the garden under the sod as close as possible to the mower trunks of trees.
Planted fruit seedling need to tie in 2 places to cola or even 2nd stakes put crosswise.But in order to keep the seedling from the "intruders", the roots need trees to tie a strong rope (not synthetic) to a wooden board, which is put on the bottom of the pit.The roots of the seedlings and the "anchor" of the board is filled with soil.And in this case already difficult to pull the tree planted.
unusual advice. can cook well and do the planting at the same time, if we apply the method proposed Penza gardeners.The essence of this method is that when digging the hole in the center must be left intact throughout the entire depth except for the top layer of the soil in the form of a cone.And then settling planted tree will be minimal, and the amount of digging up the soil will decline slightly.
I. Excavation of soil top layer
II.Excavation of soil of the lower layers
III.Filling holes and planting
Landing "tapering" of seedlings of fruit crops (dimensions in cm)
In those cases, when there was a significant deepening of the grafted tree planted, you can do the following (optional): 1. In the spring dig a tree(if it is not older than 4-5 years) with the best possible preservation of the root system and the right to land again.
I. topsoil Excavation
2. Perform lifting an entire tree, previously very abundant Strait of soil water under it, and pour a clod with a root system of an additional volume of soil.
3. Otgresti soil from the trunk of the tree to the root collar, and tree trunks with a diameter of 1.5-2 m fence in order to avoid shedding of the soil.
Vegetatively propagated plants (Klopova rootstocks of apple), gooseberry, lemongrass, sea buckthorn, viburnum, and a number of other cultures roots easily form part of the stem.They also have a root neck (conditional), but they can and should be dug into the soil, without fear podoprevaniya stem tissue.In this case, the plants, planted with a deep formed on top of additional roots.Therefore, garden plants grafted onto vegetative propagated rootstocks, can safely be planted deeper than the root of the neck, leaving 5-10 cm before the vaccination site.