They are different: some require alkaline soil, the other - slightly acidic.Some like to grow in the sun, others - in the shade.For each group of plants I will speak separately, but there are some common terms that you need to know.
Very often, growers complain that bad germinate the seeds of annuals and ask why.There are some subtleties: the seeds need to be sure to cheer up.You can certainly soak in "zirconium" or "Energene"."Gumi" or "fitosporin" can be used.But if you do not have these drugs, then soak the seeds for 5 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate bright pink, then rinse with clean water the seeds.You can do otherwise: lower the bags with seeds in hot water (53 degrees), hold there for 15 minutes and then put in the fridge for a day.If large seeds, you can sow them directly, laying the piece on the surface of moist soil in a planting container.Then sprinkle them on top of the dry soil to a height equal to twice the length of the seed crops seal spoon (so the seeds do not appear, no
Naturally, after emergence is necessary to move the light.However, there is a very small seeds.And we must remember one caveat when sowing.They need light for germination, so they must be sown on the soil surface moist, but not on top of the soil patch.That they somehow entered the soil, it should be sown in the snow, which, when the melting will involve small seeds in the ground by half, and this will be enough for them.To thicken crops, pour the seeds into the left hand, gently squeeze it.On the edge of the palm appeared furrow.That through it will sow the seeds, carefully emptying them into the snow toothpick individually.On the snow, they are clearly visible, so spread them over a distance of 1 to 2 cm from each other, because the seeds can not be thickened.Then, put a container of crops in a plastic bag and hold the light.The snow begins to melt and prolong half-seeds into the soil.
Any sown the seeds should be watered until the seedlings appear, correct to keep them tied to the bag to prevent drying of the surface layer of the soil, which makes it possible not to water the crops.
When sowing very small seeds, there is one subtlety: vo-pervyh that there was snow, you need to sow in late March or early April in the Northwest Region I at the relevant time - in the other.If you sow too early, for germinating flowers in the apartment will be very little light, and even the lights will not save.Plants will greatly extend and stems have a very thin and weak, so plants polyagut and the soil will not come off.Do not sow too early!Appear shoots somewhere in 10-14 days, and you can remove them from the package from now on.
Secondly, following tonkost- watering.Seedlings are very small, especially of the small seeds.Water can beat cotyledon leaves to the soil, and they too will not be able to break away from the soil.Constantly lying on the wet surface, begin to rot, leading to seedling death.Therefore watered, especially at the initial time, preferably through a syringe or with a needle or via a pipette.A syringe watering especially easy to do this, insert the needle and inject into the soil in the root zone as much water as necessary, measuring out her divisions on the syringe.Using a pipette, it is necessary to very carefully drip between the green dots shoots, in any case, not getting to them.For larger seeds using a teaspoon, carefully pour the water from the jar.Overdoing and pour seedlings is strictly prohibited, because in the early stages excessive watering seedlings lead to disease blackleg.
blackleg caused by three factors: the infectious agent, who lives in the soil, excessive dew or soil waterlogging and thickened shoots.Therefore, seedlings when they have 2-3 true leaves, you should remove or raspikirovat for individual small containers (for example, a glass of yogurt).At the same time, it should pour a plant soil, make it better with the help of a match.
Some annuals have to once again dive into larger containers with a diameter of 5-7 cm and a depth of about 8-10 cm, and only then planted in open ground.It is essential for these colors, which are afraid of frost, but because in the Northwest they should be planted in late May or early June.Those flowers, seedlings that carries early frost, it is better to sow in the ground, you can first seedlings in shkolku using the ends of the vegetable beds.They can be planted in the beginning or at the end of April.They have nothing else to do.You can cover the first crops of the film, but as soon as you see that the ground turned green, there were shoots, the film must be removed.If frost is expected, it is possible to cover the landing lutrasilom.
have annuals many advantages.Firstly, they can easily tolerate a transplant at any age.You can blossom in the middle of the summer to transplant (only with catfish ground) - and everything will be fine.
Secondly, they are very abundant and long-lasting bloom: early July until October.
Third, from annuals can create separate beds, curtains, and they can be planted when they begin to fade tulips.If you grow tulips in the box, you can sow them directly between them.If you dig the tulips, then your little schools where you planted a group of annuals, or directly from the boxes already raspikirovat you transplant these annuals in place, and they will have a wonderful bloom.You will be a short period when you dig in early June, tulips, frost was gone, and it is already possible to plant annuals in their place.
Fourth, the seedlings can be placed between annuals perennials, so they covered up empty on a bed or ridges place after the end of flowering perennials.
in pots or boxes, placed on the railing of a window sill or in containers located throughout the site, it is necessary to plant annuals.Containers can be relocated from one place to another, changing the flower patches and thereby updating the disposition.
If you are not very experienced gardener, you do not start with difficult plants.For example, the annual aster - a difficult plant, so it is best not to start with it.We need to start with a very simple plants that are always all work out without problems.
Annuals that can be grown nonseedlings way:
Cornflower - a great flower, it is possible for everyone.Sow it should be right to place in the ground in late April-early May.
Kosmeya - the plant is very high, it is good to close from view of the garden, planted in the foreground in front of the toilet, the compost heap or somewhere in a corner, to cover neighboring unsightly buildings, or just close neighbors, placing such a green, highblooming all summer long "fence".Cosmo can also be sown directly in place in late April and early May.
Nemesia - creeping, silnovetvyaschiesya plant that closes all colored carpet.Also sown directly in place in late April-early May.Just do not be thickened, thicken if necessarily to transplant the plants where they will be two-leaf, Nemesia well tolerated transplant.Nemesia Seedlings should be under the scheme 15 × 15 cm. Then you will have a real, blooming all summer carpet.We need to do Nemesia pinched, torn off a central stem, when he grows up to 15 cm. Then the plant begins very quickly to branch, and from each plant the whole curtain wall is formed.
Mac also can be sown directly into the soil in place (you can sow in late autumn, before winter) is directly on the top soil.After sprouting poppy it is necessary to thin out the spring.Mack is deposited and not seated, as he has a taproot, so nothing intelligent will not work when transplanting poppy.Since these double poppies, give a big head with a poppy seed, is now to grow in home gardens is prohibited, you can replace them with a very easy-growing plants - Shirley poppy (golostebelchaty), Papaver rhoeas, California poppy (eschscholzia).These poppies do not form a large head, and their foliage does not contain narcotic substances, so they do not attract addicts.The first two are pretty poppy, variously colored flowers, swaying on thin branching stems.They sway with the slightest fluctuations in the air, reminding butterflies.California poppy, too beautiful, its leaves resemble carrot leaves, bluish shade, and flowers are the same as in years of oriental poppy (ie, not terry), only smaller, but more shiny, satin.And they come in white, pink, yellow, dark red.These poppies you sow in late April-early May, at the place.They can be sown directly germinating among the tulips (if you do not dig), or among other annuals that very quickly wither.
Marigolds - a very simple plant to grow, but they do not tolerate frost - just a - 1 degree, and all the marigolds killed.Therefore, marigolds you must first sow, then raspikirovat in a drawer or in a separate box and keep for a long time in the greenhouse, they let you stand there in the end, right in the aisle on the floor.Landed in the ground when the frosts end.Very well put them after flowering tulips, because they are well-disinfected soil.Marigold blossom abundantly and for a long time, and the small autumn frosts mature plants tolerate easily.If you grow marigolds through seedlings, do not sow them too early, as the seedlings grow.In our region, sow them in early May or late April, they bloom in June.Calendula (marigold) -The remarkable plant that has medicinal properties.It has large seeds, you can immediately put the piece in a box from under the yogurt and let it grow.They are also not very well tolerated spring frosts, so the change to the place, and direct seeding in the open ground seeds can be done at the beginning of May.Among the marigolds have Terry, have two-color, various colors of yellow tones.But all in all double flowers seeds are splitting.And about one third of the plants will nemahrovyh, this is normal, so do not get discouraged.But there is a sign to distinguish the future dressing plants from nemahrovyh still in the seedling stage.Usually double flowers seedlings is lighter than the nemahrovyh.So you can immediately pick terry, landed them separately.Nemahrovye marigolds can be planted among the vegetables on beds or on the edge of a bed obsadit to pests has not been touched.
Obsadite flower bed at the edge of marigolds or calendula.Pests that a bed does not touch.It can be planted between berry bushes for the same purpose.Calendula has potent antibacterial properties so that if you, for example, would cut just 3-4 and put a flower in a vase in the nursery,
then you can be quite sure that the air in it is almost sterile, no pathogenic bacteria will not be there.
This is a very useful plant.From it you can do with calendula oil.If you want to have a nice pickle, cut the number of petals of calendula or marigold and throw in a pickle, then it will be amber zhetly.The taste and flavor of the brine only improve.
can make cheese salad with calendula, wonderful thing.
All these plants (except marigold), renewed self-seeding, if you do not dig the soil beneath them.
Nasturtium - another remarkable plant, but, unfortunately, it also does not tolerate frost.It can be grown through seedlings, and you can not do this, because it is growing rapidly.It has large seeds.If you planted a bed of carrots or something else, in the middle of May, just a finger or a stick in the inclined portion of the beds and make a hole to insert a nasturtium seeds at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other.Seedlings appear quickly, and as soon as the first of its leaf, pungent odor starts to fool pests head, they fly past the beds with vegetables.
Young flowers can be put in salads, salads they give absolutely wonderful flavor, a kind of light spice.From the seeds of green nasturtium capers prepared, the seeds are used in marinades for mushrooms and for cucumbers or tomatoes.You can marinate the green seeds or buds, roll into a small jar and put the winter in soups and borscht.It gives dishes a very delicious taste.