Mushrooms , listed in the Red Book

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Mushrooms

Trutovik foliose, or Grifola frondosa, or fungus-ram (Grifola frondosa (Fr.) SF Gray)

Trutovik foliose, or Grifola frondosa, or fungus-ram grows in deciduous forests at the base of the trunks of old trees: oak, hornbeam,beech, chestnut.

fungus is rare and not every year.

hericium coralloides (Hericium coralloidess (Fr.) S. F. Gray)

mushroom grows on stumps and trunks of deciduous trees: birch and elm.The fungus is quite rare.

Until the foundation Sporocarp drevovidno- koralovidno or branched.The branches with a very meaty.The young mushroom are white tinged with pink, then yellow or cream-colored, the old fungus, they turn brown and covered with needles that are first white, then cream with a pink tinge.

Pulp fungus white or yellow, odorless and tasteless.

spore print is white, disputes - shirokoellipsoidnye.

mushroom is edible, but it needs the protection of universal (Fig.).

Fig.Hericium coralloides (Hericium coralloidess (Fr.) S. F. Gray)

Reshetochnik (klatrus) red (Oathrus ruber Pers)

Reshetochnik (klatrus) Red - a very rare fungus.It tunes us from the tropics.It can be seen in the southern republics of the CIS.

Reshetochnik a fungus related raincoat, and very similar to them.

Young mushroom looks like a white ball of 5-10 cm in height and thickness of about 5 cm. Under the cover of white color located dome-shaped formation.From the outside it is bright red in color, inside - green olive.

inner layer of slimy fungus, there are located the fungus spores.

Mushroom unpleasant smells.Its putrid odor attracts flies, which spread its spores.

fungus inedible.

Setkonoska or diktiofora double (Dictyophora duplicate)

This fungus is native to the tropics.But it is found not only in the south but also in the central part of Russia.

Young mushrooms are ball or egg white or white-yellow.The diameter of the ball - about 4-5 cm After the shell (peridium) reveals, grows long, off-white leg..Its length - 15-20 cm, thickness - 2.5-4.5 cm on the leg is folded olive green hat..

from under the cap at the foot down shirokokolchataya mesh white or yellowish color.

fungal spores small, ellipsoidal.

mushroom smell unpleasant.In the food it is not used as it is inedible, but it is widely used in folk medicine (Fig.).

Fig.Setkonoska or diktiofora double (Dictyophora duplicate)

sparassis crispa (Sparassis crispa)

sparassis crispa, mushroom or cabbage grows in mixed and pine forests.In some years, may occur quite frequently in August and September, but there are years when the fungus does not grow at all.

rounded mushroom form.It is fleshy, composed of thick and dense and legs extending from her branches, which are expanded and flattened.The surface of the branches is smooth, off-white, cream or yellow shades, but with age becomes brown.

Mushroom relatively large size, the mass of the fungus can reach 4-10 kg, in diameter it could be 15-30 cm (Fig.).

Fig.Sparassis crispa (Sparassis crispa)

Trutovik branched or branched Polypore (Grifola umbellata (Fr.) PH.)

silverfish timber (Lepiota lignicola Karst)

strobilomyces strobilaceus (Strobilomyces floccopus (Fr.) Karst)

Rogatik clubbedor rogatik pistillate (Clavariadelphus pistillaris (Pr.) Donk)

fungus grows in mixed and deciduous forests.It occurs rarely in August and September.

Fruit body height up to 30 cm, clavate, pale yellow or reddish color.When pressed turns brownish-red color.

Pulp mushroom thick, spongy, white.When a cut or fracture becomes purplish-brown tint.Smell nice, but the bitter taste (Fig.).

mushroom is edible.

Gyroporus Castaneus (Gyroporus castapeys)

fungus grows not only near deciduous trees: oak, beech, chestnut and conifers near.

Distributed in light deciduous and mixed forests.It grows mainly on sandy soils.

mushroom cap can be both convex and flat shape with a diameter of 3-8 cm, red-brown or chestnut color.The young mushroom is velvety, the old - smooth

Flesh white fungus, with a break coloring does not change.It has a faint odor and taste of hazelnut.

fungus usually fruiting is not very large groups.

mushroom is edible, but it gets a bitter taste when cooked.Suitable drying, at which the bitterness disappears.

Gyroporus Cyanescens (Gyroporus cyanescens)

fungus grows in mixed and deciduous forests, usually under the birch trees, as these trees it forms mycorrhiza fungus.

mushroom cap reaches a diameter of 5-15 cm. The shape of the cap varies from flat to convex, straw-yellow or brownish-yellow color, with pressure becomes blue.

Pulp fungus white or cream-colored, brittle.At the turn gets cornflower blue.

stipe thickened at the base, first with a cotton-like filling, after the hollow or small voids.

widely distributed in the Murmansk region.Well tolerated frosts.

edible fungus.

The characteristics of fungi sibling

fungus name








pale grebe (green form poisonous)

olive, green olive, to the center of the dark

White free

The base tuberiform-thickened, surrounded cupped vagina, on top of a white or striped ring

pale grebe (white form poisonous)

white or whitish

White free

The base swollen, surrounded wills howl ring white

Russula scaly

greenish, gray-green



Russula green

grayish green

White, adnate to stem


Agaricus campestris

white or grayish

Free, first white, then pink, gray, purple anddark brown

C ring, without swelling and Volvo

Agaricus field

White, if you touch, yellow

free, first white, then reddish, chocolate brown and black

to the base thickened, without Volvo, with a two-layer ring

cap ringed

yellowish-brown with a pink tinge

White, then clay-yellow, adnate to stem

Cring, but without Volvo

Float white

white, on the edge of the radial strip

white free

tuberous-swollen at the base, the ring no

Amanita whitedeadly poison


white or slightly pink, loose

tuberous swollen at the base, ring wide

Amanita smelly (poisonous)


white free

The base tuberiform-thickened ring white

mushroom umbrella white

whitish in the center of brownish

white form kollarium that separates them


At the base of thickened ring whitish

volvariella beautiful


first white, then pink

At the bottom to blow rings no

Agaricus pereleskovy

whitish, gray-whitish, yellow from touching

Dark reddish then dark brown

cylindrical shape at the base of the expanding ring white

Amanita pantherina (poisonous)

brown, yellowish-brown, orange-brown with white small warts


White, with a ring

Amanita gray-pink

Pale reddish


white, then reddish, white ring, then reddish

Lozhnoopenok sulfur-yellow (poisonous)

sulfur-yellow, in the center of a reddish-brown

sulfur-yellow, then green

Light yellow

Armillaria mellea

rusty-brown, gray-brown, brownish, scaly

bright, yellowish-white

Bottom brown under the cap white


cream or honey-yellow

Light yellow

velvety to the base of brown, black and brown, the top light

Lozhnoopenok seroplastinchaty

In his youth, pale yellow, then purple-gray


rusty underneath, on top of a pale-yellow-reddish

honey agaric summer

first whitish, later rustybrown


with brownish scaly ring brownish

blewits sulfur-yellow (slightly toxic)

thinly fleshy, sulfur-yellow, 3-10 cm in diameter

rare, yellow, black and olive-green or yellowish

whitish sulfur-yellow, 5-8 in length and thickness of 0.7-1 cm


Tolstomyasistaya;greenish-yellowish, up to 15 cm in diameter

Frequently, greenish-yellow or sulfur yellow

Greenish-yellow flakes with a length of 4-5 cm and a thickness of 2 cm

Gall mushroom


Bitter, white on a break turns pink

With brown mesh


White, gray, then yellow-green

white, the color on the fracture does not change, not bitter

with white mesh


whitish or grayish with brown spots

white, the color on the fracture does not change, has a pleasant taste


Scleroderma citrinum (inedible)

Warty or scaly

dense;first yellow-whitish, later violet-black or olive-gray


Porohovka lead-gray

membranous, powdery or smooth

Soft, first white, later purple-brown


Porohovka blackened

thin, white, papery

Soft, first white, later ocher, olive or purple-brown


Clitocybe voskovataya (very toxic)

White, watery concentric circles

whitish or grayish


clitopilus prunulus

white or yellowish, latergraying without circles

first white, later turning pink

Pale pink

entoloma venomous (poisonous)

white, initially convex, later prostrate in diameter and 20 cm

Broad, almost free, rare.Young mushrooms are whitish, in mature with a pink tinge

dense, silky, shiny, length 4-10 cm, thickness 2-3 cm

entoloma garden

Young mushrooms campanulate, laterprostrate in the center of a thick mound, diameter 5-10 cm


hollow, flat or curved, longitudinally ribbed, white, long 5-12 cm, 0.5-4 cm thick

May fungus

convex, later prostrate with wavy edge, cream or yellowish

Frequent, notched or adherent to the leg, whitish to creamy tint

Thick, clavate, brownish, brownishcreamy or yellowish in length up to 10 cm, thickness 3 cm