The nutritional value of mushrooms

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Mushrooms

Quite often called forest mushrooms meat.This definition implies that they should contain a lot of protein.However, this statement is not true, since various kinds of fungi contains from 2.5 to 3.5% protein.This amount of protein is typical for many kinds of vegetables.There

fungi, which contains up to 5% of protein, which was significantly higher than in the potato.These include white mushroom fungi.It is known that the dried porcini mushrooms in protein in 2 times higher than fish or beef.

scientifically proven that in order to meet the daily need for protein daily, people a day should eat at least 1-2 kg of mushrooms.However, some fungi can not eat for a long time.Therefore, this kind of food can only be considered as an additional protein source.Besides

proteins contained in mushrooms, and other nutrients that are essential for humans: carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins A, B1, B2, C, PP, and D. For example, a yellow chanterelles contained the same amount of vitamin B1as in beef liver.

In addition, mushrooms contain a variety of trace elements, which are actively involved in metabolism.

Most mushrooms contained of vitamin D, less - C and A, the number of the other vitamins can be found out with the help of Table.

content of vitamins in mushrooms

Mushrooms

content of vitamins in mushrooms (mg per 100 g)

PP

B1

aspen

10,5

0,2

Podberёzovik

11,2

0,06

Chanterelles

10,8

0,37

Syroezhko

14,0

0,1

According to the content of minerals such as potassium,phosphorus, mushrooms may be compared to fruit water content are close to vegetables (tab.).

mineral content in mushrooms and other products

Product mineral content (in mg per 100 g of product)
Potassium Calcium Iron Phosphorus
mushrooms 277 4 6,33 84
White mushrooms 697 38 12 254
Ryzhikov 390 9 9 166
Chanterelles 410 10 29 97
Cabbage 572 70 8,3 216
Milk 190 175 0,5 168
Pork 393 79 4 465
Flour 224 3,3 27 221

carbohydrates and fats contained in mushrooms are not many, but there is lecithin, which is also found in egg yolk.In addition, fatty acids contained fungi and glycogen.

mushrooms average contains about 91% water, 3.2% protein, 0.5% fat, 3.7% carbohydrates and 0.8% of mineral salts.

Mushrooms have a very pleasant aroma, which is explained by the fact that they contain a variety of extractive and aromatic substances.

In addition, mushrooms - a food product that contains relatively few calories - per 1 kg of the product - 320 kcal.That is why they can be eaten with potatoes, cereals and other side dishes.

And in conclusion, that the mushrooms - food that contains as few calories (per 1 kg 1340 kJ = 320 cal), how much it contains proteins and minerals.Especially recommended for mushrooms as an additive to foods with lots of carbohydrates?t. e. to the potatoes, grain and flour products.Nutritional value of mushrooms is listed in the Table.

Nutritional value of mushrooms

Product Content,% Kcal
Water Proteins Fats Carbohydrates Fiber Minerals
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
fresh mushrooms
White 87,0 5,5 0,5 3,1 3,0 0,9 167
Podberёzovik 88,0 5,0 06 2,5 3,0 0,9 150
Butter mushrooms 92,0 2,0 0,3 3,5 1,6 0,6 104
aspen 88,0 4,6 0,8 2,2 3,5 0,9 146
Chanterelles 91,4 2,6 0,4 3,8 1,0 0,8 125
Honey mushrooms 90,0 2,0 0,5 4,0 2,7 0,8 121
Ryzhikov 90,0 3,0 0,7 2,4 3,2 0,7 121
Morels 90,0 3,7 0,5 4,0 0,8 1,0 150
Dried mushrooms
White 13,0 36,0 4,0 23,5 17,0 6,35 1174
Podberёzoviki 13,0 38,0 5,0 21,5 15,0 7,5 1212
comparison
Beef 74,0 21,0 4,0 - - 1,0 506
Fish 78,7 19,0 1,0 - - 1,3 351