The nutritional value of mushrooms
Quite often called forest mushrooms meat.This definition implies that they should contain a lot of protein.However, this statement is not true, since various kinds of fungi contains from 2.5 to 3.5% protein.This amount of protein is typical for many kinds of vegetables.There
fungi, which contains up to 5% of protein, which was significantly higher than in the potato.These include white mushroom fungi.It is known that the dried porcini mushrooms in protein in 2 times higher than fish or beef.
scientifically proven that in order to meet the daily need for protein daily, people a day should eat at least 1-2 kg of mushrooms.However, some fungi can not eat for a long time.Therefore, this kind of food can only be considered as an additional protein source.Besides
proteins contained in mushrooms, and other nutrients that are essential for humans: carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins A, B1, B2, C, PP, and D. For example, a yellow chanterelles contained the same amount of vitamin B1as in beef liver.
In addition, mushrooms contain a variety of trace elements, which are actively involved in metabolism.
Most mushrooms contained of vitamin D, less - C and A, the number of the other vitamins can be found out with the help of Table.
content of vitamins in mushrooms
content of vitamins in mushrooms (mg per 100 g)
According to the content of minerals such as potassium,phosphorus, mushrooms may be compared to fruit water content are close to vegetables (tab.).
mineral content in mushrooms and other products
|Product||mineral content (in mg per 100 g of product)|
carbohydrates and fats contained in mushrooms are not many, but there is lecithin, which is also found in egg yolk.In addition, fatty acids contained fungi and glycogen.
mushrooms average contains about 91% water, 3.2% protein, 0.5% fat, 3.7% carbohydrates and 0.8% of mineral salts.
Mushrooms have a very pleasant aroma, which is explained by the fact that they contain a variety of extractive and aromatic substances.
In addition, mushrooms - a food product that contains relatively few calories - per 1 kg of the product - 320 kcal.That is why they can be eaten with potatoes, cereals and other side dishes.
And in conclusion, that the mushrooms - food that contains as few calories (per 1 kg 1340 kJ = 320 cal), how much it contains proteins and minerals.Especially recommended for mushrooms as an additive to foods with lots of carbohydrates?t. e. to the potatoes, grain and flour products.Nutritional value of mushrooms is listed in the Table.
Nutritional value of mushrooms