Distillation - Narcissus hybrid -Narcissus hybridus hort.
Homeland narcissus hybrid - Central Europe, the Mediterranean, China and Japan.Numerous varieties are combined in one view - the rose garden hybrid resulting from the crossing of many kinds.
are grown from the beginning of the XVI century.To date, it received about 10 thousand. Varieties.
narcissus bulb is rounded, with a long neck, covered with a grayish or brown membranous scales, perennial, hardy enough.The leaves are linear, in a ground beam, the end of the vegetation die.Flowers are single or a few at the top 15
direct leafless flower stalk, large (diameter of 4 to 10 cm depending on the variety), fragrant, white, yellow or two-tone, with a round, flat perianth of six lobes and privenchika formed outgrowths fused sharesit has the shape of a funnel, tube or cup of various sizes.
for distillation - producing flowers, such as the New Year, 8 March.Use ranotsvetuschie varieties of the following classes: tubular and krupnokoronchatye, tatsettnye and zhonkillievye.
Daffodils belong to the group of p
For the distillation of selected large diameter 3.5-4.5 cm and more rounded, unimodal bulbs.
have daffodils are three distillation period: early -tsvetenie by January 1 or sooner;average - flowering by 1 February and early March and late - by 1 April - 1 May.For late forcing daffodils do not require special heat treatment.For very early terms after digging up the bulbs are stored for two weeks at 30 ° C, and then - at 17 ° C, and for 8-10 weeks before planting -with 9 ° C.These bulbs are called chilled and prepared for forcing.For conventional bulb distillation stored at 17 ° C of digging (June) before landing (10 October).For late forcing bulbs are planted not later than 15 November, the boxes filled with one-third humus soil mixed with sand or even a clean sand.The bulbs can be planted in ordinary flower pots, 4-5 pieces, very close to each other.As densely planted bulbs in drawers.Neck bulb should protrude above the soil surface.Planting is abundantly watered and put in a special room with a low (up to 9 PS) temperature or in a trench dug 20 cm deep. Boxes or pots is filled with sand first, and
Fig.narcissus flower forms: 1 - triatstsrusovy 2 krupnokoronchaty;3 zhonkillievy;4 - tube;5 - tatsettnyi
then earth layer 20 cm For good rooting daffodils temperature should be no higher than 10 ° C..With the onset of cold weather landing harbor peat, sawdust, suhIhM leaf layer of 20 cm. Bulbs rooting for 2.5-3 months, after which you can start the distillation.By this time, the germ must be at least 10 cm. Fits into darkness daffodils is not necessary.
Early forcing usually begin from 20 November to 1 December.Pots are removed from the trench daffodils for 1-2 days and placed in a cool room (10 ° C), then - the light and grown at 12-18 CC.Flowering occurs in about a month.Thus, to obtain colors by 24 December daffodils transferred to a warm place for 28 days;
- by January 7 - 26 days;
- by February 23 - 22 days;
- March 8 - 20 days;
- May 1 - 14 days.
Care should be taken so that the soil does not dry up.The air, too, should not be too dry, or may appear "blind buds."But more often this phenomenon is associated with a poor root development.
distillation temperature of the wound should be 18-15 ° C (the sooner - the better), for late - 15-12 SS (than later - so below).When will the buds, the temperature at 2-3 ° C increase.
Too high temperature and high humidity - the most frequent perpetrators of failures in forcing daffodils!Flowers daffodils cut when the bud rises vertically.
After flowering bulbs and drying of leaves left in the pot until June, after which they are planted in the ground on rearing.Usually 3-4 years, these bulbs can again be used in distillation.
for forcing most suitable varieties of narcissus, but Jty411 ^ 18 all use the following: from trubcha
tyh - Golden Harvest, Dutch Master, King Alfred, Mage nifisens, Mount Hood, Rembrandt;of krupnokoronchatyh - Carlton, Flower Record, Fortune;of melkokoronchatyh-Amur, Gryullemans Senor, Orange Monarch Rouge, Tibet;of terry - Irene Copeland, Texas, Chirfulness;of tatsett-tion - Geranium, Kanarienzis Herbert Lawrence Coster, St Agnes;of poetry only for late forcing - the variety act, Dante.
Description vygonochnyh varieties.Golden Harvest.Flower large, 10 cm in diameter, is placed horizontally.Shares perianth yellow, bright yellow tube broadly funnel-shaped, with a wavy edge, height 5 cm and the same width.The leaves are gray-green, flat, above the peduncle.
Dutch Master.Flower horizontally located 10 cm in diameter, the proportion of green-yellow, bright yellow tube with orange strokes but the edge is smooth, cylindrical, up to 4 cm long.The edges of the undulating bent.The leaves are dark green, flat.It is one of the best tubular varieties.
King Alfred.Flower 9 cm in diameter, placed horizontally, and the share of bright yellow tube.The tube narrowly funnel-shaped, with a large-toothed, bent edge, 3.5 cm in length.The height of the peduncle of about 30-35 cm, the leaves of the same length, dark green, narrow.One of the oldest varieties, have not lost their importance for nearly a hundred years.
Magnifisens.The flower diameter of 9 cm, is positioned horizontally, share and tube bright yellow.The tube length of 4 cm, folded, with corrugated edge.Peduncle to 20 cm, leaves gray-green, flat.
Mount Hood.Flower large, 10 cm in diameter, arranged vertically.Shares of the perianth and white tube.The tube is cylindrical, with a wavy edge, 4 cm long. The leaves are gray-green, flat.The aroma is weak.The variety has a universal application.19
Rembrandt.Flower large, a diameter of 10 cm, a uniform golden-yellow color.The tube 4 cm in height, cylindrical.Peduncle to 20 cm, leaves gray-green, flat.The aroma is weak.
Cupid.Flower large, 11 cm in diameter, fragrant.Shares perianth rounded-ovate, white, crown height 2.5 cm, yellow, slightly adjacent to the perianth.The edges of the wavy crown, notched.Peduncle 45-50 cm height.
Gryullemans Senor.The flower is very large, with a diameter of 10.5 cm, slumped.Shares perianth creamy white, the crown of orange-yellow, with a wide orange stripe around the edge, shirokovoronkovidnaya, corrugated, reaches 4.5 cm wide.The leaves are gray-green, wide.Flavor good.
Orange Monarch.The flower is large, with a diameter of 10 cm, perianth lobes white, rounded crown of bright orang-zhevaya, wide (about 4.5 cm), with a wavy edge.Peduncle about 30 cm. The aroma of good.Very spectacular variety.
Tibet.Flower 9 cm in diameter.Shares perianth creamy-white, round, white crown, funnel-shaped, 4 cm wide and 3 cm high, corrugated edges, serrated, strongly folded back.broad leaves.
Irene Copeland.Flower 7 cm in diameter.Shares of numerous, narrow, creamy white, to the center alternate with creamy yellow outgrowths crowns.Pistils and stamens not.Peduncle up to 30 cm. The aroma of good.
Texas.A large, double flowers, 9 cm in diameter.Greenish-yellow share interspersed with narrow orange.The aroma is strong.Blooms from mid-May.
Chirfulness.On peduncle 3-4 flower diameter up to 4 cm;share rounded exterior, white interior - smaller.They are interspersed with creamy yellow outgrowths crowns.Flavor good.Blooms in late May, color-
20 nose of 30-35 cm.
Geranium.On peduncle 2-4 flower diameter of 3-4 cm. The shares are yellow, oval.Crown 1 cm high and 1.5 cm wide, dark yellow, crinkled.The aroma is very strong.
Laurens Coster.On the peduncle are 2-3 flower 5-6 cm in diameter. The shares are white, round, smooth.The crown is yellow with an orange edge, the small (0.7 cm high and 1.5 cm wide).Flavor good.Blossoms from the twentieth of May.
St. Agnes.On peduncle 2-3 flower 3-5 cm in diameter.The petals and crown white, creamy greenish tinge.It blooms in mid-May.