Seedling method for growing annuals
Many annuals require a method of growing seedlings.This heat-loving plants: amaranth, Impatiens, marigolds, dahlias (nemahrovye), petunias, celosia, zinnia.They are planted in the ground in the later stages, at the end of spring frosts.Culture destined for processing and value over a long period of flowering, - ageratum, carnation Chinese, lobelia, lobulya-dence (alyssum), nasturtium, portulaca, sweet tobacco, Drummond phlox - with the seedling cultivation method bloom earlier.Astra and verbena have a long period of development from planting to flowering, which begins too late, if not to grow sprouts.Beginning of flowering Arctotis, godetsii, sweet peas, wallflowers, snapdragons, and annual species of chrysanthemum and
can be accelerated by 3-4 weeks due to the method of growing seedlings.All seedlings flower light-requiring culture, only seedlings marigolds, petunias and sweet-scented tobacco mono grown in 50 cm from the window with supplementary lighting.Closest to the glasses should be put gillyflow
interesting to note that sometimes a number of species and varieties of plants instead of two developing cotyledons of 3-4, and in some cases the cotyledons plate has teeth.
Shoots with rejection, it is better to transplant and watch them before flowering and seed collection.Often, these seedlings are subsequently give rise to plants with new valuable decorative qualities, such as terry, the original structure of a flower or inflorescence, unusual size and color of the flower.Seeds
cultures strongly in the targeted blackleg seedling age before sowing-etched 0.196 m solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes, followed by washing in water.Disinfection, increased germination vigor and also contributes 7-12 hour seed treatment solution trace salts mixture (sulfuric acid zinc salts, manganese, copper, cobalt, molybdenum acid ammonium - 0.03 and boric acid - 0.01 g1 liter of water).After treatment, the seeds need to be dried and sown.
Shoots wallflowers must be moved into the room with a temperature of 10-12 ° C for the selection of plants with double flowers.Their cotyledons are larger and paler colored than those of plants with simple flowers.
The increase cold resistance of plants contributes to treatment of seeds with variable temperatures.Soaked for 12 hours at a temperature of 18-20 ° C. Seeds should be rearranged in a refrigerator at 0-2 ° C also for 12 hours, to repeat it before the time on-klevyvaniya, then sow the seeds (asters, carnations Chabot, sweet peas,wallflowers).
sowing dates in open ground some annuals
plant time sowing
(month / decade)
Arctotis large May I
Akroklinium pink May I
Alyssum sea May I, II
Amaranth tailed May I, II, III
Astra China April III, May I, II
Marigolds fine leaved May I, II
Tagetes erect May II
Marigolds rejected May I
Cornflower blue April III, May I,
Verbena April III of, May I,
Carnation bearded July, September
Carnation Chinese May I
Gypsophila elegant May I
Godetsiya pretty April III of, May I
peas scented MayI, II
zawadzkii orange April III
Iberis umbrella April III, May I,
Iberis bitter April III, May I,
Ipomoea purpurea May I
Clark graceful May I,II
Cosmos April III, May I
kochia May I
Lavatera May I
Levkoy annual May I, and
snapdragon May II, III
nasturtium May I, II
Nigella Damascus April III
Calendula April III, May I
Petunia hybrid May II, III
Reseda fragrant May I, II
scabiosa April III, May I
Phlox Drummond April III
Chrysanthemum annual April III, May I
eschscholzia AprilIII, May I,
Most of the seedlings flower crops giving friendly shoots at 18- 20 ° C.But the seeds of snapdragons germinate at 8-12 ° C, ageratum, godetsii, sweet peas, and lobulyarii - at 12-15 ° C, asters and wallflowers - at 15-16 ° C.After the emergence of thermophilic plants (Ager-Tuma amaranth, Arctotis marigolds, verbena,
dahlias, lobelia, petunia, portulaca, tobacco, celosia, zinnias, sage) for growth need daytime temperatures above 20 ° C, night - not less than 15 °FROM.By lowering the temperature of the seedlings of these crops are stunted and often ill blackleg.More cold-resistant crops are grown, and at lower temperatures: aster and gillyflower - at 15-16 ° C, godetsiya, sweet peas, lobulyariya - at 12-15 ° C, snapdragons - at 8-12 ° C.This allowed the fall of night temperatures of up to 8 ° C, raising the day - up to 25 ° C.Air temperature is controlled ventilation.Strong ventilation (especially frost-free days), but without the drafts require asters, carnations, godetsiya, peas, lobulyariya, snapdragons, phlox, chrysanthemum, cautious - dahlia, petunia, zinnia, salvia.The rest of the culture - moderate ventilation.
following seedlings flower crops require dry cultivation mode: Ager-tum, Arctotis, aster, marigold, verbena, clove gillyflower, lobulyariya, snapdragon, petunia, portulaca, phlox, chrysanthemum and zinnia.They carry a drying soil and dry air.Watering can be rarely, only when the drying of the upper layer, in the morning on a sunny day with just wetting the ground layer.More moist growing regime - both soil and air - require amaranth, dahlia, godetsiya, sweet pea, lobelia, mirabilis, nasturtium, sweet tobacco, sage.The drying up of land and dry air are detrimental to them.On hot days, an increase in humidity contribute to the spraying of plants, hanging moistened cloth, setting the water basins.All watering is recommended pink solution of potassium permanganate.
seed culture with a long period of cultivation - Chabot cloves and salvia - it is recommended to feed 3 times.The first feeding infusion of mullein, diluted with water at a ratio of 1: 20, a glass at 8 to 10 plants, carried out a week after the first pick.Second - 2 weeks after the first feeding the same mullein adding 1.5 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate and 3 g of superphosphate and 1 liter of water, 1 cup of liquid consuming 4-5 plants.Superphosphate desirable to add water for a day before.The third feeding is carried out one week after the second pick, the same solutions.
Feeding as irrigation, is recommended in the morning, on sunny days.After them, the plants watered, wetting the leaves, to wash away the solution in order to avoid burns.
At the time of the full development of the first true leaf begin March picks seedlings of crops.Small plants while seated at a distance of 2.5-3 cm and larger -. 5-6 cm thickened swordplay can lead to stretching of the seedlings and the emergence of diseases.The seedlings are removed from the sowing containers, the roots are pruned by one third, to better branch.When almost all the swordplay floral culture, except for pinks, you can bury a little, but do not fall asleep cotyledons earth.Under crops plants, strong striking blackleg, it is recommended to pour the calcined sand layer thickness of 0.5-1 cm. Pikiruemyh plants suitable wooden boxes, peat pots, paper cups.All the flower of culture is better to dive in separate containers, then when landing less damaged roots.This is especially important for plants with a stem (gillyflower), slightly branched (sweet peas) or an underdeveloped root system (petunia).Before landing in the open ground, starting from the first of May, conducted tempering seedling heat-loving annuals: amaranth, marigold, petunias, zinnias and salvia.If they grow in greenhouses, reveal first day, and then completely remove the frame, but they should be close to the cold nights (with temperatures below 10 ° C).If the seedling is in the room or on the veranda in warm days it bring to the balcony or on the porch, a little pritenit from direct sun.
Ageratum, amaranth, Antirrhinum, Arctotis, Impatiens, marigolds, verbena, gazania, cloves, gelih-Risum, dahlia annual, Gomphrena, gillyflower, nasturtium, petunia, salvia, beans, decorative, phlox Drummond, celosia, zinnia.
Ammobium, aster, cornflower, Gaillardia, baby's breath, godetsiya, peas fragrant, dimorfoteka, Ibe, rice, calendula, Clark, coreopsis, cosmos, KCE-rantemum, lavatera, lobelia, lobulyariya, malope, Mattioli, Nemesia, Nigella, mignonette, statice, chrysanthemum, schizanthus, eschscholzia.
As soon warms the soil, seedlings of crops just before planted in open ground sweet peas, carnations Chabot and gillyflower.These cultures tolerate frosts down to -5 ° C.The wells under the seedlings make NPK - 3-4, under the plant.All cultures;20-25 cm are put in a row, a bit I pro- glublyaya (1-2 cm), except for the studs, which does not react to it.In dry warm weather, the seedlings are planted with sauce that is cooked with water filling the pit, and the seedlings immersed in the muck from the water to the ground.Survival rate in this case it is almost one hundred percent.After planting, watering is not necessary.Above the hole sprinkle dry land.If the weather is hot and dry, which often occurs in May, the next watering seedlings produced in 2-4 days.
planting seedlings of annuals Terms
January - Carnation Chabot.February - salvia, lobelia.March - most annuals: aster, Ager-tum, godetsiya, gillyflower, lobulyariya, snapdragon, petunia, sweet tobacco and other
April - marigold, zinnia, sweet peas, nasturtium..
After 5-10 June, when the danger of late frosts has passed, planted in open ground seedlings are heat-loving annuals: ageratum, marigolds, scented tobacco, petunia, zinnia and salvia (sage).They should be in a timely manner, no later than 2 weeks prior to landing, temper - teach to the open air.
otherwise when landing inevitable burns and even death of plants.planting technique is the same as in May.The distance between the tobacco plants - 70 cm, for other crops -. 20-30 cm of soil in the areas provided for under the annuals can be prepared from the autumn, dig and fertilize.Then in the spring under the transplanting only need to loosen it and make fertilizer.