Mushrooms -doubles

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Mushrooms

For frequent toxic mushrooms with edible alike can confuse them.Some fungi superficial similarities, and others so that even a mushroom with a lot of experience will be able to take a mushroom for an edible.

Cep (boletus)

Externally mean white mushroom similar to inedible fungus gall (Fig.).

Fig.Gall mushroom

Podberёzovik

Podberёzovik can be confused with an inedible fungus gall.

Distinguishing features white fungus, podberёzovika and gall fungus

fungus Part

Mushroom

white fungus

podberёzovik

gall fungus

hat

light brown, gray-brown, yellow-brown, dark-brown

white, greyish, yellowish, brown brown, almost black

brownor brownish

Pulp

white on the fracture does not alter the color

white on the fracture does not alter the color

white, on a break turning pink, with a bitter taste

The tubular layer

white, then yellow, greenish

whitish, then gray-brownish

white, then dirty-pink

Leg

white, covered with whit

e mesh pattern

white, covered with dark brown scales

cream, covered with a dark mesh pattern -burym

Dubovik Dubovik

a Twin is satanic poison mushroom.

Armillaria mellea

most good taste have mushrooms growing on birch or oak trees and stumps, others have lower taste characteristics.

Armillaria mellea in appearance similar to honey agaric summer, enokitake, as well as toxic and hypholoma capnoides hypholoma fasciculare.

honey agaric summer

Refers to edible mushrooms, IV category.Use only the cap in boiled, fried, salted and pickled.

Distinguishing features Dubovik and satanic fungus

fungus Part

Mushroom

Dubovik

satanic mushroom

hat

olive-brown, yellowish-brown, gray-brown, dark -Brown

whitish, greenish-yellow or grayish-yellowish, sometimes with a pinkish or rusty spots closer to the edges of the cap

Pulp

lemon-yellow, on a break turns blue, then gradually becoming dirty-yellow, odorless and tasteless

white, yellowish or pinkish, on a break, first red, then turns blue, but gradually acquires the source color with an unpleasant odor andbitter taste

tubular layer

first greenish-yellow, then bright red or brownish-red, the touch of blue in

first pale yellow, then orange or red hue

Leg

yellow, covered with pink and brown netting or reddish dots

yellowish, covered with pinkish spots and rounded loops of the mesh pattern

Distinguishing features opёnka autumn, opёnka summer, opёnka winter, lozhnoopёnka seroplastinchatogo and lozhnooopёnkasulfur-yellow

fungus Part

Mushroom

Armillaria mellea

honey agaric summer

enokitake

hypholoma capnoides

hypholoma fasciculare

hat

gray or yellow-brown

yellow-brown or reddish-brown

honey-yellow

ocher-yellow

greenish-yellow, yellow-brown or sulfur-yellow

Pulp

white, with a pleasant smell and taste

brownish, with a pleasant smell and taste

light yellow or cream-colored, with a pleasant smell and taste

whitish, with a bitter taste

light yellow or yellow, with an unpleasant odor and bitter taste

plates

white, then pale yellow with rusty spots

whitish, then rust-brown

light yellow or cream, then darker

pale yellow, then sirenidae gray and purple-violet

yellow, then green and olive-black

Leg

top is light brown, the bottom of the dark brown

top

brown, the bottom darker

top yellowish downdark brown

top reddish-yellow, the bottom darker

top light yellow, the bottom yellow-brown

Distinguishing features shaft and shaft false

Part fungus

Mushroom

Valuoja

Valuoja false

hat

ocher-yellow or brownish-yellow, spherical, then ploskorasprostёrtaya, slightly concave in the middle

white or dirty-yellowish, convex, then prostrate, sometimes with a slight hump in the middle

Pulp

white, then yellowish, with a bitter taste

whitish, with redechnym smell and verybitter taste

plates

first white, then rust-yellow, with brownish spots, adnate to stem

whitish, then yellowish or grayish-yellow, slightly adherent to the leg or free

Leg

white or brownish, straight or thickened in the middle

white or dirty-yellowish, slightly thickened downwards, covered with brownish scales

Lactarius flexuosus

Lactarius flexuosus be confused with mlechnikom washed-out and Gladyshev.

Gladysh (mlechnik ordinary)

To remove the bitter milky juice, mushrooms should be soaked, then pour boiling water to become elastic pulp (Fig.).

Fig.Gladysh

Russula Russula green

green in appearance like the Russula virescens and that is very dangerous to deadly poisonous toadstool pale (the green form).

Distinguishing features Lactarius flexuosus, mlechnika blёklogo and Gladysh

Part

Mushroom

fungus

Lactarius flexuosus

lactarius vietus

Gladyshev

cap

convex then funnel-shaped, grayish-purple, with dark concentric rings

plano-convex, then funnel-shaped, gray-brown or purplish gray

flat, with a small pit in the middle, violetsulfur I, yellowish-gray or reddish-gray, with concentric rings or without

plates

downstream, rare,

pale yellow

color

downward, frequent, white oryellowish cream, graying at the touch of

descending or adherent to stem, sparse, thin, yellowish or pinkish-cream

Pulp

white

white or grayish

whiteor cream

Milky juice

white or watery, the air does not change

white, air sereet

white, air

becomes

yellowish

Leg

light gray, dense young mushrooms, hollow in the mature

little paler than the cap, hollow

same color hat, hollow

russula yellow

a Twin russules yellow is toxic Amanita citrina

russula golden-red

Syroezhko golden-red could be confused with poisonous Amanita muscaria

Distinguishing features russula green, russules greenish and pale toadstool (green form)

Part fungus

Mushroom

russula green

russula virescens

pale grebe (green form)

hat

convex, then prostrate, bluish-green, on the edge of a bright, with cream and strips

plano-convex, curved, wavy, rough, gray-greenish edges lighter

campanulate, then plano,light or olive-green, in the middle of a dark, silky

Pulp

white, thick, brittle

white, thick, strong

white, thin

plates

adnate to the stem, white or cream

adherent to the leg or loose, white or yellowish

free, white

leg

plёnchatoe ring tuberous thickening andthe vagina is not

plёnchatoe ring tuberous thickening and the vagina is not

at the top of plёnchatoe ring at the base of tuberous thickening, surrounded by a bag-shaped vagina

Distinguishing features russules yellow and Amanita citrina

Mushroom Part

Mushroom

russula yellow

Amanita citrina

hat

hemispherical, then flat or funnel-shaped, bright yellow,smooth

plano-convex, with a small hollow in the center, white, then yellow-greenish, with white large flakes on the surface

plates

adnate to the stem, white, then pale yellow

adnate to the stem, white, sometimes with a yellowish margin

leg

smooth, white, then yellowish or grayish, without plёnchatogo rings, tuberous swelling and vaginal

white, with a white oryellowish plёnchatym ring, tuberous thickening at the base, the prisoners in the vagina

Distinctive signs russules golden and red mushroom red

Part fungus

Mushroom

russula golden-red

Amanita muscaria

hat

convex, then prostrate, orange-yellow or orange-red, with yellow spots

spherical, then plano,bright red or orange-red color, covered with numerous white or yellowish warts

plates

adherent to the leg, infrequent, light yellow

free, frequent, first white, then yellow

Leg

pale yellow or yellow, smooth or slightly thickened to the base, dense, without the ring, tuberous thickening and vaginal

white, dense, then hollow, with plёnchatym ring, tuberous thickening at the base, concluded in the vagina

The features of the May fungus entoloma corymbose and entoloma poisonous

fungus Part

mushroom

May fungus

entoloma corymbose

entoloma poisonous

hat

creamy, yellowish or off-white

light gray or brownish-gray

white, then yellowish, fromold mushroom gray-brown

Pulp

white, with a pleasant taste and flour smell

white, slightly watery, with a pleasant taste and flour smell

white under the skin brownish inyoung mushrooms with flour smell, the old - with an unpleasant

plates

frequent, white or cream

rare, large, white, then pink

rare, large, whitish, thenpinkish-yellow

Leg

whitish, yellowish or cream-colored, slightly thickened to the base

white, smooth, straight or curved, covered with longitudinal scars

white, slightly thickened to the base,silky, without scarring

May mushroom (Clitocybe May Day, T-shirt, George mushroom)

May mushroom in appearance similar to entolomu corymbose and dangerous entolomu poisonous.

entoloma corymbose or garden entoloma

grows in deciduous forests, meadows, forests, often in large groups, from late May to September.

Cap up to 10 cm in diameter, light gray or brownish-gray in young mushrooms bell-shaped, then it becomes prostrate, with a thick hump in the middle, the curved edges of the cap, cracked (Fig. A).

plates adherent to the leg, a rare, wide, first white, with age becoming a pinkish hue.The flesh is white, slightly watery, thick, dense, with a pleasant taste and smell of flour.Spore print pale brown.

Stipe up to 10 cm, thickness 2 cm, white, smooth, straight or slightly curved, fibrous, hollow, covered with longitudinal scars.

edible fungus, IV category.It is used in boiled, fried and pickled form, requires the prior boiling.Entoloma corymbose appearance similar to the dangerous poisonous entolomu (Fig. B), and in May the fungus (Fig. C).

Greenfinch, or blewits green greenfinch

rarely worm-eaten.

fungus resembles the slaboyadovitoy blewits sulfur-yellow.

Distinguishing features Greenfinch and blewits sulfur-yellow

Part fungus

Mushroom

greenfinch

blewits sulfur-yellow

hat

greenish-yellow in the center of a dark, brownish-green

bright sulfur-yellow, the center is darker at the edges lighter without the green tint

Pulp

almost white, then pale yellow, tasteless, with a nice floury smell

yellow or greenish-yellow, with an unpleasant odor and bitter taste

plates

greenish-yellow, frequent

sulfur-yellow or greenish-yellow, rare

Leg

greenish-yellow, almost all hidden in the ground, covered with small scales

sulfur-yellow, with small brown spines

Fig.

Fig.

.

Fig.

Fig.