Raincoat needle (Lycoperdon echinatum Pers.)
fungus is very rare and not abundant, in shady deciduous and coniferous, mainly spruce, forests growing on fertile humus soil, sometimes fallen trees, small groups from mid-July to mid-September.
Fruit mushroom body reaches 3.5 cm in diameter, spherical or egg-shaped, has a pointed false short leg.The outer shell of the fungus is dotted with numerous, long (up to 4 mm), thin, curved spines at the end of brownish color.The flesh is dense in young mushrooms, white, has a strong pleasant smell, which persists even when dried.With age, the flesh becomes gray in color, the old mushrooms it purple-brown or dark purple.Spore print brown.
mushroom is edible, IV category.It is used in boiled, fried and dried form.For use in the food suitable only young white mushrooms with firm flesh (Fig.).
fungus is very rare in deciduous and mixed forests, especially with an admixture of aspen, small groups, from mid-July to October.Boletus
now rare, it refers to protected mushrooms.
Chestnut mushroom Chestnut mushroom
is currently threatened with extinction, should be protected.
fungus-ram, or tinder foliose, Grifola frondosa (Grifola frondosa)
mushroom grows at the base of the stumps and trunks of old deciduous trees, mainly oak, beech, chestnut, found in August and early September. Mushroom rare , you can not see every year.
fungus-ram is the largest of tinder.Fruit body, which can be up to 1 m in diameter and 20 kg weight, is pincushion base from which depart numerous branching hemp with flat caps, the number of which on one mushroom can be hundreds.Hats thin, shapeless, undulating, poluokruglye, wedge tapering to the leg.Top hats gray legs around a little lighter.The bottom surface is white, tubular, with small pores.Spore print white.The flesh is white fungus has a strong pleasant smell, almost tasteless (Fig.).
fungus-ram edible, IV category.It can be used in boiled, fried and dried form.
fungus is very rare to be protected.
Trutovik branched or branched tinder, grifola umbrella (Grifola umbellata)
This fungus grows around the trunks and stumps of various deciduous trees, usually lime, oak, maple, near their base.It occurs very rarely, in August-September.
Fruit body Polypore branched grows up to 50 cm in diameter, composed of a large number of branching twisted white legs, which are joined at the base in one big, resembling a tuber leg white.Feet bear numerous small caps, whose number may reach several hundred.Hats small, up to 4 cm in diameter, round, plano-convex, slightly depressed in the center, a light-brown or grayish-brown, occasionally there are instances with white caps.The bottom surface of white caps, tubular, microporous.The tubes are very short, decurrent down the stem.Spore print white.The flesh is white, thick, fleshy, with a nice dill flavor and delicate taste.With age, the flesh becomes hard, the smell disappears, and the taste of spoiled (Fig.).
mushroom is edible, IV category.In the food consumed young mushrooms in boiled, salted and dried form.
Currently rare, should be protected.
staghorn Hericium (Hericium coralloides)
fungus is very rare on stumps and trunks on the dead branches, in the hollows of deciduous trees, usually birch, less oak, aspen, elm, from the beginning of July to September.
fruiting body of the fungus, reaching 40 cm in diameter, composed of coral branches.Sprigs of fleshy fungi young white, with age, acquire a yellowish tint.Each branch almost to the base covered with numerous spines up to 2 cm, the same color, as are the branches.The flesh is slightly fibrous, first white, yellowish in the mature mushrooms, has little bitter taste, almost odorless.Spore white powder (Fig.).
edible fungus.It can be used in boiled, fried or pickled.
Hericium staghorn refers to a rare fungus and should be protected.
Hericium yellow (Hydnum repandum)
fungus is very rare and not abundant, growing in deciduous, usually birch, mixed and coniferous forests from July to September.
mushroom cap is 15 cm in diameter, flat, uneven, with slightly concave middle, whitish, yellowish or pinkish-yellowish.The edges of the cap are bent down.The underside of the cap is covered with frequent short brittle spines yellow-pink color that is easy to crumble.Flesh is pale yellow, thick, dense, has a pleasant smell.The old mushroom flesh becomes more dense and like a cork.Spores yellowish.
leg up to 5 cm long, 1.5 cm thick, thick, whitish or yellowish.
mushroom is edible, IV category.You can boil, fry, add salt and marinate.The food should be consumed only young mushrooms.Old mushrooms have a bitter taste and are not suitable for consumption (Fig.).
yellow spotted (Sarcodon imbricatus)
fungus grows in softwood, mainly pine, forests, prefers dry places with sandy soil, is very rare and not abundant, from late August to November.
hat at Blackberry motley large, up to 20 cm in diameter, at first flat or hemispherical, in mature mushrooms becomes funnel-shaped, concave in the middle, gray-brown or dark brown color.The surface of the cap is covered with thick, large, dark, behind the skin scales, arranged concentrically.The underside of the cap studded with frequent greyish-white spines up to 1 cm, decurrent on the stalk.
flesh is firm, young mushrooms whitish, then gray-brown, with a gentle spicy aroma and a pleasant taste.In mature mushroom flesh becomes hard, it gets a bitter taste.Spore powder is light brown in color.
Stipe up to 8 cm and a thickness of up to 2 cm thick, light gray or gray-brown color (Fig.).
mushroom is edible, IV category.It is used in boiled and fried.
shishkoobrazny agaric (Amanita strobiliformis)
fungus grows in deciduous forests, preferring oaks, sometimes in parks, rare, solitary or in small groups, from late July to October.
Cap up to 12 cm in diameter, young mushrooms rounded-ovoid in mature - convex-flat or flat, white or grayish color, covered with large thick gray scales irregular in shape.The edges of the cap at the young mushrooms are often bent down, with the remains of an off-white bedspreads.The plates are free, infrequent, mild, light gray.The flesh is thick, dense, white.Spore print of light-gray color.
foot mushroom shishkoobraznogo at up to 10 cm long, 3 cm thick, dense, cylindrical, slightly extended to the bottom, white, young mushrooms lightly striped.In the middle of the legs is white plёnchatoe ring covered with velvety scales (Fig.).
mushroom is edible, but eating it can be used with complete confidence in its correct definition.
Amanita shishkoobrazny is very rare and should be protected.
Rogatik pistillate (Clavariadelphus pistillaris)
Rogatik pistillate grows in deciduous and mixed forests on the remains of decaying wood or humus leaf litter, is rare groups in August and September.
fruiting body of the fungus is 30 cm in height and 5 cm in thickness, clavate, base thinner than the top, covered with longitudinal wrinkles, at first pale yellow, with age becomes a yellow-orange.By pressing the surface of the painting takes on a reddish-brown color.The flesh is dense, sponge-like structure, in white, on a break color changes to purplish-brown, with a pleasant smell and a slightly bitter taste.Spore powder of light yellow color (Fig.).
mushroom is edible, IV category.It is used in cooked form.
Rogatik pistillate relates to protected mushrooms.
Rogatik yellow (Ramaria flava (Fr.) Quel.)
This fungus is very rare, but sometimes abundant in deciduous and coniferous forests in August and September.
Fruit body height and a diameter of 20 cm, much branched.Sprigs of cream or pale yellow, with age becomes almost orange, flattened, of the same length, pointing upwards, below are connected in one leg.The flesh is dense, delicate, off-white or yellowish.Spores pale yellow.
leg up to 8 cm in height and 5 cm in diameter, whitish, with pressure becomes reddish color (Fig.).
Rogatik yellow edible, IV category.It is used in boiled, fried and dried form.Only the flesh of young mushrooms can be used in food.
Pluta chernokrayny (Pluteus atromarginatus)
fungus is rare in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests in the July-August, grows on rotten stumps and old fallen tree trunks.
mushroom cap to 7 cm in diameter, outstretched, silky, gray-brown with darker longitudinal stripes fiber.The plates are free, frequent, young mushrooms in white, with age becomes pink, the edges of plates of dark brown color.The flesh is thick, soft, off-white, with a pleasant smell and taste.Spore print light pink.
Stipe 5-10 cm long, 0.5-1 cm thick, dense, gray, dark fiber with longitudinal stripes (Fig.).
mushroom is edible, IV category.It is used in food in the boiled, dried and pickled.
beefsteak fungus (Fistulina hepatica)
fungus grows on oak trees and fresh oak stumps, closer to the ground, sometimes in the hollows, usually solitary, sometimes fusing two or three copies, rare, from mid-July to November.
Fruit body beefsteak fungus in large, up to 30-35 cm in diameter, the weight can be more than 15 kg, and looks like raw liver.Fruit body usually sedentary, sometimes with a short leg side, zhelvakoobraznoy, spade-tongue-shaped or elongated.The upper side hats red-brown color, at a young age is soft, slightly gelatinous, sticky, with age becomes fibrous, tough and dry.The tubular layer of fine-pored, yellowish at first, have a mature mushroom is yellowish-brown.Ducts are small, free, and not fused together.The flesh is thick, fleshy, at a young age juicy, soaked bright red juice, almost odorless and tasteless.The cross section of flesh visible light radially veins.Spores pale brown.
Stipe short and thick, blending smoothly into the bonnet, the same color with it, with a bunch of hard fibers at the base (Fig.).
mushroom is edible, IV category.It is used in boiled and fried, for use in the food suitable only young fruiting bodies of fungi.
Lopastnik kinky or curly gelvella (Helvetia crispa)
fungus is rare in deciduous forests, mostly with a dash of lime, singly or in small groups, from the beginning of July to September.
fruiting body of the fungus is 10 cm in height.Cap 2- 4 cm diameter, with two or four lobes, white or pale-yellow color.The edges of the blades loose, crimped or curly, hanging down and the only places adherent to the leg.Leg up to 7 cm, thickness 2 cm, hollow, flat or slightly extended to the bottom, straight or slightly curved, covered with narrow longitudinal folds or furrows, whitish.The flesh is white, thin, watery, tasteless and odorless.
conditionally edible fungus, IV category.Before the consumption necessary preliminary decoction, decoction should be drained (Fig.).
money root (Oudemansiella radicata)
mushroom quite rare, mostly in deciduous, sometimes in coniferous forests, is growing at the base of the trunks and stumps, from early July to late September.
hat with diameter up to 10 cm in young mushrooms bell-shaped, then it becomes flat, with a small hump in the middle, yellowish-brown color.The plates are free or slightly adnate, rare, white, with a dark edge.The plates are easily separated from the cap.The flesh is thin, friable, white or light gray, has a slight fruity aroma and a pleasant sweet taste.Disputes white.
Stipe up to 20 cm long and 1 cm thick, dense, tangled, expanding to the ground under the cap white, brown at the bottom (Fig.).
Fig.Money is the root
edible fungus, belongs to category IV.It can be eaten boiled and fried.
Mytinus dog (Mutinus caninus)
fungus is very rare in damp deciduous forests on rotting wood, fallen leaves, in small groups, from July to October.
Fruit body at mutinus caninus small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, oval or oblong-egg-shaped, white.During maturation of the outer shell is broken into 2-3 pieces and remains at the base of the mushroom.From base grows rapidly nozhkovidnoe education, which reaches a length of 15 cm, 1 cm thick, spongy inside, with fine-pored surface of white or light orange.At the top of the formation passes into the small head, the top of which is covered with a sticky spore mass olive green.From the fungus unpleasant smell of rotten meat (Fig.).
mutinus caninus rare, it refers to protected mushrooms.
Mytinus Ravenelya (Mutinus ravenelii)
fungus is very rare in damp deciduous and mixed forests on rotting wood, fallen leaves and needles, small groups, from late July to September.
Fruit mushroom body reaches 2.5 cm in diameter, oval or oblong-egg-shaped, off-white.During the ripening outer shell broken into 2-3 pieces and stored in the base of the fungus.From the base gradually grows nozhkovidnoe education up to 8 cm, hollow inside, with fine white surface at the base and on top of a light pink color.The upper part of the formation of strong-smelling covered with sticky spore mass of olive-green color (Fig.).
mutinus ravenelii is a rare mushroom and is subject to protection.
silverfish timber (Lepiota lignicola Karst. (L. amyloidea Sing.))
Mushroom growing in deciduous forests on the remains of decaying wood, usually birch, but sometimes other trees, is very rare, from mid-June to early September.
mushroom cap reaches 9 cm in diameter, young mushrooms convex, with age become prostrate, reddish-brown, dark surface is covered with small scales.The plates are free, infrequent, white or light gray.The flesh is dense, whitish or cream, has a pleasant smell, almost tasteless.Spore print is white.
mushroom leg length 8 cm, and 1.5 cm thick, cylindrical, tapering to the base, a hollow, reddish-brown, same as the cap or slightly lighter covered with scales.The fungus inedible.
silverfish wood is rare, endangered, protected refers to fungi (Fig.).
Diktiofora double or setkonoska (Dictyophora duplicata)
fungus grows in deciduous and mixed forests, sometimes in parks, on the remains of decaying wood, from mid-July to October.
Fruit body young mushrooms reaches 5 cm in diameter, spherical, egg-shaped, sometimes cylindrical shape, smooth, white or yellowish.With further maturation of the outer shell bursts, its remnants are preserved around the base of the fungus.