Gumi - Elaeagnus multiflora
This close relative of the sea buckthorn.His homeland - China.Gumi is growing in Japan, where he was in our country during the occupation of southern Sakhalin Japanese.This is a low shrub (height of 1 - 1.4 cm).It is very decorative because of the beautiful shape of the bush and silver, rather large, shiny leaves.Blossoms gumi late, in late July-early August.Flowers had elongated bell-shaped with a pleasant and strong aroma that attracts pollinating insects.The fruits in the mature form painted in beautiful bright yellow-orange hue, covered with silvery dots, because of what they literally glow.Taste the fruits of a kind, pleasant, moderately sweet.Inside the fruit is an oblong one, a fairly large bone.The fruits hang on long stalk, which greatly facilitates their collection as compared with sea buckthorn.They are not large, about 2-3 cm in diameter, slightly oblong.They can be frozen, make them compotes, jellies, juices, wine, jam, where you want to add a little lemon juice, otherwise it will taste blan
Before you start gumi, should know that the bush freezes the level of snow cover, but recovered fairly quickly, though almost no blooms this year.Freeze it during spring frosts.In the North-West under him at this time should cover lutrasilom in two layers or even to grow in the greenhouse gumi.Wherever he grew up, it is necessary to take care of his shelter for the winter.You can just bend down and pinned branch early fall, after the harvest, to the land, to the bush covered with snow.Or make him a stack of dry hay, which cover film is not to the ground, had to vent, and strengthen their poles.You can, of course, to use spruce branches.
If it grows in your stationary greenhouse, snow pelted it or leave it two or three layers lutrasila.When choosing a location it is necessary to take into account that the plant photophilous, it should be planted under the cover of buildings or other plants for protection from north winds, and, moreover, in the place where you have on the site in winter stoned most of snow.If the winter thaws in your region is not present, and concerns you have about the safety of gumi will not.
Gumi can be planted in the spring, then a hole or landing site is prepared in the fall.And it can be planted in the autumn, then the seat should be prepared for a month and a half before landing, ie summer.The plant, like relatives, superficial root system, so well does not have to dig deep enough depth bayonet spades.Prefers gumi light loam or sandy loam, well-dressed organic matter.
on clay gumi will not grow.If the soil tight, then do not put in the pit, and prepare a solid area measuring 1.5 x 1.5 m. The roots sprawled far beyond the perimeter of the crown.Not growing gumi and in acidic soils, so in advance proizvestkuyte further site and do not forget to deoxidize the soil, or fruiting not wait.
is enough to make at each plant 200 grams of ash, it is better in the spring, in moist soil, but you can use dolomite, which is enough for half a cup under a bush.In addition, starting from the third year of life, gumi should be fed phosphorus fertilizer, closing up the soil on the perimeter of the crown of the bush 1 tbsp.spoonful of double granulated superphosphate before flowering.Potassium gumi makes little, and does not require nitrogen.
for gumi extremely suitable granular fertilizer the AVA, which is sufficient to make a landing, and subsequently for 1 st.spoon three times a year.It is embedded in the soil to a depth of 5-6 cm beyond the perimeter of the crown bush.In this case, it is not necessary to make superphosphate.Gumi - monoecious plant, that is, in principle, it is possible to plant a bush, but it will be much more abundant fruiting, if planted next to a bush 2-3.
fruiting shrub comes on the third or fourth year, and at the age of 12-15 years can produce up to 15-20 kg per bush.Carve only broken branches, bush rejuvenate aging, cutting out part of the branches to the ground level.
easiest to reproduce by dividing the bush can be propagated by cuttings, layering, root shoots but unlike buckthorn, gumi does not.You can, of course, grow from the seeds of gumi, but then it is necessary to sow fresh seeds just below the fall.Seedlings from seeds appear difficult and long, so be patient.If you get the seeds by mail, as soon as possible, place them in the wet sand and put in the long stratification in the refrigerator.It will take about 5-6 months.
What gumi pests and diseases?They are not here.
Almost gumi on the content of vitamins and amino acids are not inferior sea-buckthorn.In Japan, the fruit gumi considered fruit of longevity and youth.A decoction of the leaves gumi used for colds.