Mountain ash

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

Sorbus aucuparia L. var.edulis

Rowan appeared at us in the XIX century in the north of Moravia.However, it is known in other countries.It is a beautiful tree that looks good on the sunlit areas.It is necessary to disseminate more widely the tree on garden plots.Leaves imparipinnate rowan, gentle.Blossoms Rowan in the two-year branches with white flowers buds "thick plate".Flowering and fruiting of apple later regularly.The fruits are small, the size of 1.5 cm, bright orange color with the remains of the calyx at the top.The taste is sweet and sour, with no unpleasant astringency, they can be eaten straight from the tree.Sladkoplodnaya rowan spread throughout Europe.Due to the advantageous properties it is increasingly paid attention to as a selection or for decorative purposes.It is undemanding to the soil, it can grow in the high places, where more sun.common view "Moravian sladkoplodnaya" in Russia.

Dried rowan believe drug.It is prepared from the fruit, leaves and flowers.The most valuable fruit

is vitamin C. The fresh berries contain carotene, 48 mg% organic acids (malic and citric), 1% pectin, glycosides, sorbose, amino acids and tannins.The fruits have a mild laxative and diuretic effect, facilitate the excretion of bile.rowan berries are recommended for rheumatism.The mountain ash contains sorbitol, therefore it can be used and diabetics.Berries are used in hypovitaminosis and certain viral diseases (such as influenza).From rowan fruit can be cooked compotes, jams, it can be dried to make tea or used as raisins from the berries can also cook the syrup, wine, liquor.They can be used in sauces for venison.Compote served to badly digestible dishes.

In the world there are many types, there are about 40 species of red mountain ash in Russia alone.Red mountain ash growing everywhere, almost no forest, no matter where grown rowan.It is unpretentious, tolerates any soil, including infertile, even growing in acidic soils and clays, the other question, how it bears fruit at the same time.Rowan and reconciled with the penumbra, but usually with much stretched, trying to reach the light, but, of course, really blossoms and bears fruit in full sun.Rowan - a plant friendly, it can coexist on the site with virtually any plants.The root system is deep, so the plant does not need watering.Rowan hardy.And because it blooms late (early June), then the frost does not get.There is one of the people's will: if the red rowan fully blossomed, then freezing will be no more.And one more: if there was a lot of red mountain ash, the harsh winter comes.Unfortunately, not rowan fruits annually, it may be breaks in the fruiting.From the main pests - aphids, which spread the ants before flowering, which immediately causes a twisting of the upper, the newly opened leaves.Diseases her almost none.If you're not raking in the fall out from under the leaves of mountain ash, then you do not have to make dressings.

plant came to us out of the woods, so prefers leaf humus.Then Rowan gives a really big crop.Among the red rowan especially prized varieties of sweet fetal rowan.

Rowan -. Tree up to 20 m leaves her alternate, odd-pinnate, composed of oblong-ovate and serrated leaves.Flowers are white, forming a multi-colored umbrella thyroid inflorescence.Fruit spherical or elliptical, orange-red or yellow-orange.It is bitter, but the bitterness disappears after freezing.Blossoms Rowan in May and June.

rowan growing in coniferous and small-leaved forests in the undergrowth.In Russia Rowan common in the forest zone of European part of Russia, in Siberia, in the Urals, in the North Caucasus.Even in the Far North it meets unpretentious tree.

Medications rowan is prepared from the fruit, leaves and flowers.The fruits of mountain ash are very rich in vitamin C. The fresh berries contain carotene, approximately 50% organic acids (malic and citric), 1% pectin, glycosides, amino acids and tannins.In fruits of mountain ash contains little protein and fat;carbohydrate content (mainly fructose) can reach 8%.Fruits harvested from both wild and cultivated with trees.CUT shields after a frost, when they acquire a more pleasant bitter-sour taste.

varieties Choice

In the last decade has gained wide popularity Nevezhinskaja Rowan.This variety of national selection, which has long been cultivated by villagers Nevezhino Vladimir region.It is engaged in cultivation of many nurseries, so easy to buy it.The leaves of mountain ash are the same as in any forest, but the berries are much larger and sweeter.

There are 14 varieties of cultural rowan.Their selection started even Michurin, who received several new varieties by crossing the red mountain ash with irgoy, hawthorn and even pear.From Michurin varieties are very popular with black liquor, large, sweet berries;Burke with red-brown fruits;Grenade with garnet-red berries - a hybrid produced by crossing mountain ash with hawthorn blood-red;sladkoplodny grade Michurinskaya dessert.In the future, based on Nevezhinskaja rowan magnificent sladkoplodnye grades were obtained.Among them, titanium, obtained by crossing with krasnolistnyh apple and pear, with a crimson-red large berries, without bitterness.Sort Kubovaya has a large bright orange berries, sour-sweet taste, and variety of yellow, with drooping branches, it has a bright yellow fruits.Sort Belle obtained by crossing a mountain ash with pear.Its large orange fruits contain high amounts of vitamin C.

great interest Buzinolistnaya Rowan hails from Khabarovsk Territory.It is a shrub, not exceeding 2 m in the spring completely covered with large white or pink flowers.The berries have a pleasant sweet-sour taste, without astringency and bitterness.Moravian mountain ash, a native of the Czech Republic, has excellent taste, but it is not winter-hardy.But based on it produced remarkably delicious variety Alai.

There are interesting rowan - Powdery, which is so named due to the fact that its young shoots are covered with white fuzz.A particularly beautiful cultivar Aria, young shoots that have a yellow or cream color.Usually, powdery mountain ash is used as an ornamental plant.Its annual shear to cause the growth of numerous young shoots that give the shrub an extraordinary appeal.In recent years, Europe has received wide popularity bred breeders Kashmir rowan - low spreading tree, spring completely covered with tassels bright pink flowers, and in autumn - delicious crisp white berries.Now in vogue are no tall trees, which we used to see in the forest, and dwarf forms, often in the form of a small tree, or a tree with a weeping crown or plants in a bush.So a great choice.Modern mountain ash not only decorate your garden, but will harvest tasty berries are often not similar to the fruits of the forest ancestor.

Overview: rowan among fruit trees is one of the first places on winter hardiness.Transfers temperatures down to -50 ° C.The plant is unpretentious (it can be grown at an altitude areas up to 1200 m above sea level), high-yielding and simply beautiful, especially at a time when brush ripe.

Requirements: rowan not demanding growing conditions, growing at an outdoor shaded areas, hardy, drought-resistant, almost no damage by pests and diseases, tolerates transplant.Cultivars rowan samobesplodny require cross-pollination.

Composition: fruits are rich in carotene, vitamin P and especially vitamin C (in a glass of rowan juice contains about his daily dose).Rowan berries also contain a wide variety of minerals: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, iodine.Sorbic acid, a part of ash, has a strong bactericidal effect.

Reproduction: rowan propagated by layering, root suckers and grafting.Vaccination is the most practical and effective method of producing seedlings.Desired grade rowan seedlings grafted cuttings on all kinds of mountain ash.

Features cultivation

To improve the taste of the fruits of mountain ash Michurin and his followers crossed it with other species.Some interspecific and intergeneric hybrids proved to be very successful - liquor (hybrid with chokeberry Aronia), Ruby (blower), Grenade (with hawthorn), Burke (with alpine mountain ash).Tested and well-proven varieties such rowan as beads Nevezhinskaja, Sorbinka Titan and Scarlet large.

Landing: planted rowan as well as the apple tree.planting time - spring and autumn.Distance between vigorous plants of 3-4 m between slaboroslyh - 1.5-2 m

Care:. timely removal of the wild seedlings, fertilization, irrigation, tillage, soil mulching and pest and disease control (the fruit can be damaged by caterpillarsmountain ash moth, leaf - rowan rowanberry gall aphids and mites, the diseases often manifest mushroom - monilia or fruit rot, rust and mountain ash).Against a mountain ash moth and aphids plant a week after flowering can be treated with insecticides against mite rowan during bud - sulfur colloid (100 g per 10 liters of water).In severe cases repeat spraying sulfur mite medication in the fall after harvest.To destroy pathogens fungal diseases should be carried out spraying the crown of rowan 1% solution of liquid Bordeaux.

Pruning: culture rowan close enough to the wild form therefore does not require special techniques to form the crown.To care for a tree is cut constantly appearing root shoots, remove Volchkov shoots and conduct regular (every 3-4 years) sanitary pruning, during which the old cut, dried, broken, rubbing branches, clarified crown, improving it by lighting moderemoval of densely growing and inwardly directed branches of the crown.

Prior to the entry into fruiting plants pruning is done for the formation of the crown, characterized by small size and strength.Form a tree trunk with a low (20 to 50 cm in different varieties) 4-5 skeletal branches.The fruiting period, except health, spend omolazhizayuschuyu and limiting crop growth.

Harvest: fruits, intended for juicing, removed in low-lying areas in late August, and in the higher-lying areas - in mid-September.Especially tasty fruits after they grab frost.When removing the fruit cut brushes.The collected rowan with peduncles can be stored in a cool place at a temperature no higher than 2 ° C until March.

Use: of mountain ash fruits are prepared, liqueurs, fruit drinks, candy, jam, pzhemy, marmalade, vinegar, there are recipes rowan kvass.Fruits are sweet rowan forms can be eaten fresh s.In forms with a bitter fruits of bitterness disappears after subfreezing.Dried fruits of mountain ash are part of the therapeutic vitamin fees.

rowan compote contributes zhelchevydele-NIJ, pickled berries are a good seasoning for venison.

Landing

planted rowan or early spring or autumn, the most suitable month - September.The pit should be large enough to dig - 60 x 60 cm - and a good fill, humus soil.Drizzle.In the center make a small mound, straighten the roots on it and covered with soil so that the root collar was at ground level.If rowan bury, it will give a lot of root shoots, but shoots just have to constantly cut to the core.As you pour the ground roots and watered each layer, whereas under the roots are not formed and the soil is well voids all nalipnet roots.I am against the trampling of the soil around the plants planted because the soil is heavily compacted and it stops intense work of microorganisms.In addition, the roots need a good air flow, and it is not enough in a dense soil.If you put a fairly high tree, then it must be tied to a stake, and even better to drive a three-Cola, the ends of which should be tilted to the sapling and link them together.The plant will be under the protection of the three inclined poles.

Rowan tolerates transplant, but do not forget that it has a deep root system, and digs deep planting.If you know how to vaccinate plants (and do not know how, so learn - it's easy), then the easiest way to dig a little pock in the woods and transplanted it to the site.The following year, if the plant is stuck in the spring can plant it several cuttings of different varieties.You will have a mountain ash to suit all tastes.Do not forget to cut the root growth, or grafted cuttings die out, leaving only the wildings.Where to take cuttings?Look at the neighbors or from other gardeners by correspondence.Cuttings varietal rowan trees often sold in any exhibitions.If the neighbors do not want you to cut a twig, then ask a couple of kidneys in August and make an inoculation eye.

have wild mountain ash growing in the area, root growth can be used for rootstock.It is deposited from the mother plant and plant cultivars.Inoculated rowan, of course, so can not be duplicated, as she shoots from the root graft, that is wild.Rowan is well propagated by cuttings and layering.This is done in the same way as described in the chapter devoted to black currants.

Reproduction

Rowan fairly well reproduces by seed, growing quite rapidly and is already on the 3-4th year you can instill cultivars.Incidentally, this is not a bad way to earn money - to dessert, weeping and ornamental varieties of good, steady demand.But at dessert rowan seed reproduction sometimes splits offspring, and varietal characteristics can be lost.On rootstock grafted red rowan Aronia - Aron.It turns a beautiful bush on foot.Aron can be cut, so it is easy to form a spherical bush.They look very elegant these bushes.Seeds should be sown directly below the winter, after the berries collection.Their smear on paper and seeded directly with it in the appropriate place.Top seeds should sprinkle a layer of earth in the 1.5-2 cm.

not give much to stretch up the mountain ash, if you rowan tree.This usually occurs when there is insufficient ambient light.Shorten the top of the year up to that mark what you need.Otherwise, pick berries will be a bird, not you.If you have a mountain ash in the bush form, then make sure that the hive is not much thickening, because the berries will not be in the center of the bush.

on rowan can instill a pear.Just pick up the tree trunk with a rather thick (not thin twig).Vaccination is best done in splitting, then it can be done on a mature tree, sawed off his trunk at the level of 15-20 cm. This will shtamb.Pear pretty quickly thickens the site of inoculation, and gradually the whole mountain ash barrel zaplyvet sprawling trunk of a pear.You can instill in several varieties of pears, but, as experience shows, is usually one that is most compatible with a pear or a hardy variety, the others either cease to bear fruit, or die altogether.Pref (cuttings for grafting) should be taken with fruit-bearing branches, then grafted pear too quickly come into fruition.