Brussels sprouts

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Vegetable Plants

Brussels - one of the most unpretentious dolgorastuschih and among all kinds of cabbage.It can tolerate poorer soils, can grow in slightly acidic soil, does not require a large and constant care, but, of course, better to grow and harvest yields with good care and good soil.

From Brussels sprouts have an early hybrid of Franklin F1 (130 days), medium Diablo F1 (160 days) and later Boxer F1 (170 days).

Features cultivation

From germination to the availability of the first kochanchiki takes about 150 days.Therefore, no seedling can not do here.The best time of planting seedlings - the beginning of April.

Clearly, under ambient conditions it can be done, if you give it good light, cool temperatures during the day (about 16-18 degrees Celsius) and

cold night temperature (about 5-6 degrees Celsius).In addition, the air in the room should have a moisture content of about 70%.You can grow sprouts on the balcony, gazebo or in a heated greenhouse.

Since Brussels sprouts rises rapidly, in about 4-6 days, t

he willingness to come somewhere in the mid-late September.Seeds should be sown at a depth of 2 cm, laying them at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other.

In stage one true leaf cabbage raspikirovat necessary for individual cups.At the age of about 45-60 days, the seedlings can be planted in open ground.This cabbage takes a lot of space, so the landing circuit 60 x 60 cm.

As the cabbage watered regularly clean the well, with cold water, do weekly fertilizing, alternating infusion of mullein, or weeds with mineral dressings (3 tbsp. Spoons of NPK per 10 literswater).It may be any other fertilizer containing nitrogen and potassium in equal doses phosphorus and nitrogen in half dose.

Unlike other types of cabbage, brussels sprouts less susceptible to clubroot disease, it can be grown on a slightly acidic soil.

For soil fertility it is demanding, like all cabbage.Before planting, the soil should be well filled with organic matter.Like all of the cabbage, brussels sprouts grow well on the AVA fertilizer, which is introduced into the hole when transplanting seedlings for about 1/3 h. Spoons at each plant.In this case, the cabbage can then be fed only organic fertilizing.Ash fertilizer AVA in this case is not a substitute.Since cabbage is quite high (about 80 cm) height, it is necessary to hill several times, moreover, requires a constant loosening - the root system needs a good air exchange.

Diseases and pests have Brussels sprouts are the same as that of the head out.But because of the sprouts contained therein mustard oils do not like cabbage fly and almost never it does not hurt.But it is very fond of cabbage moth and pierid.Control measures - the same as for cabbage.On the long, straight stalk sprouts grow rounded leaves, upward.This is not a sign of phosphorus starvation as, say, a tomato or eggplant, and feature growth.In the axils of the leaves are formed numerous (about 70 pieces) large kidney-kochanchiki.At the beginning of September, as soon as the first, the lowest of them will reach the size of a pea, it is necessary to break the top of the plant, to stop the growth of the plants up.This technique contributes to the rapid growth of kochanchiki.

kochanchiki Sometimes growth is delayed due to unsuitable weather conditions, and in September they do not exist.Do not rush to pull the plants out of beds.They still have time to form a crop in October, as brussels sprouts tolerate frosts quite well even up to -5 ...- 10 degrees and continues to grow until late autumn.

kochanchiki gradually terminated as soon as they become dense.They cut around the stem of the otherwise kochanchiki scattered into individual leaves.

kochanchiki fresh for a long time not to keep, but they perfectly retain their useful properties and taste of frozen.For long-term storage of brussels sprouts fresh, her dig the roots and dropped into the basement like a cauliflower.You can cut the stems with kochanchiki and stored between the window frames or on the balcony.