Cucumber

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Vegetable Plants

cucumbers come from tropical and sub-tropical forests of India, so they are heat-loving, light-requiring and hygrophilous.They can grow up with a little shade, but the harvest at the same time sharply reduced, cucumbers better develop and bear fruit in good light.What

like cucumbers? fertile, humus-rich soil with a neutral or slightly acid reaction (pH 5-6), feeding infusion of fresh manure, mineral dressing, wet (80-85%) and warm soil (root growth and development is at a temperature above 15-16 ° C)and humid (85-90%), warm air (for normal growth and development they need a higher temperature of 20 degrees Celsius).

What do not like cucumbers? sour, dense, poor, cold soil, watering with cold water (below 20 degrees), drafts, abrupt temperature change during the day and night (starts to taste bitter), cold nights (the night temperature should not fall below 12-16 degrees, otherwise not Zelentsygrow).In the daytime, cucumber prefers temperature 22-28 degrees, but not less than 20 and not more than 30-

32.At temperatures below 20 degrees cucumber growth and development is slowing, with 15-16 degrees fruiting is suspended at a temperature above 32 degrees suspended growth and development, and at temperatures above 36-38 degrees there is no pollination.cucumber dies at low temperatures.Cucumber does not like transplants.

If the air temperature drops to 3-4 degrees for a long time (10 to 15 days) the plants are not developed, much weaker and fall ill in the future root and stem rots.

have cucumbers, like all cucurbits crops weak root system and poor regeneration of the roots, so they do not like transplants, loosening soil, weeding, because at the slightest shifting of the soil they break off sucking the hairs and will not be restored at this root.It takes time to back up the new, which formed sucking hairs.Naturally, at this time, the development and fruiting is slowing.So better to grow cucumbers nonseedlings manner not repot the plants, especially when they have more than 2 of these leaves, mulch the soil under the plants, it was not necessary to loosen it, and cut weeds on level ground, and not pull them.

varieties Choice

better use released varieties or hybrids, well-established in your area.Do not chase the exotic, and in any case not sow all the greenhouse immediately varieties unknown to you.Carefully Collect what you need is something that will give you a stable yield and buy a little something new to try out in your garden.

Varieties and hybrids of cucumber created many, but not all, or you might like to come because of the local climate.However, there are versatile hybrids and varieties that have proved to be excellent in almost all regions.

When it comes to tomatoes, I usually do not recommend hybrids because they taste low quality compared to other varieties.But when it comes to cucumbers, it is recommended to use hybrids and not varieties.They are much more resistant to adverse weather, disease and pests, grow faster and develop more friendly give the crop and, more importantly, are not inferior in taste varieties, and sometimes even surpass them.However, hybrid seeds are more expensive, it should also be taken into account.

on bags with varieties usually write for an open or closed they are ground, and it should be considered.But hybrids are generally suitable for greenhouses, and for open ground.The best known universal hybrid Mansion House St. Petersburg company "Hardwick".He has good taste and gives a reliable crop in all weather conditions.Mansion House is good in any form: in salads, okroshka, marinades and pickling.

Especially for salting by "Hardwicke" was created grade Crisp exceptional palatability.

There are abundant hybrid multi-purpose Opal and Summer, there is a very tasty late variety Autumn gherkin, small cucumbers which do not exceed by 8 cm. Korotkoplodny abundant variety Pavlovsky MPV has a good taste and the ability to set fruit in low light.There are good varieties started in the VIR especially for regions with cool summers, and a lack of sunlight: Nick Kulik, Karelian.There dlinnoplodny Northerner hybrid created in the St. Petersburg University of Agronomy.

Good varieties and hybrids of the Moscow firms "Gavrish" and "Zedekiah": the day hybrids of open ground Asterix and Moscow dude and greenhouses hybrids day sail, Event, Glare, grades and Virenta Pirenta.In every region we can safely grow by widespread hybrids Marinda, Connie, to smear, Tempo (very early appearance of fruit).Interest is tiny hybrids specifically for the preparation of pickles: Spring, Butterfly, The Tinder Box, Micron.In recent years, breeders have created many new hybrids with short lashes that do not require pinching.As a rule, they bear fruit bouquet.This St. Petersburg jubilee, Merry Company, Friendly little family, bouquet, An acorn, wave of the wand in my volition, Okhotny Ryad, Spring, Emerald stream (very early, shade tolerant), Russian fun (salt-coating hybrid long fruiting).

should pay attention to the selection of the Dutch hybrids, which offers the company "Veijo": Asterix, Adam, Atlantis, Accord, Agibi, Amigo, Cupid.

great interest among fans caused a remarkable new generation of cucumbers, triple hybrids Valaam, Cucumber Sarov, Suomi.They have excellent taste, a rich harvest, and good resistance to adverse conditions.In addition, they have limited lateral growth of lashes, so that the whip is not necessary to pinch to the same fruiting beam, ie from several cucumbers from the leaf axils.The only drawback - quite a high price and yield quick returns.

Prepare seeds

If you grow hybrids, then preheat the seeds do not have to, because they predominantly female flowering type.If you grow varieties and thus the seeds you fresh, it is recommended to warm up, to encourage rapid emergence of female flowers, as the grades on the main stem grows mostly male flowers (in female flowers have a small cucumber, while the men do not).

month before sowing the seeds hang the bag on the central heating battery.You can shorten this procedure, if before the planting of the seeds warm in a thermos with hot (53 degrees) water for 15-20 minutes, at the same time and release the seeds from pathogens of bacteriosis and anthracnose.

planting rights in the region with a cold summer cucumber is better not to grow in greenhouses to high vertical trellis, and in a horizontal position in the small hotbed because warm air rising from the ground at night, may well hold the heat in a small volume.In these regions, particularly in the Northwest, in the open field cucumbers do not grow, they have to be grown in a covering ground, that is, the night cover the ridge with cucumbers and open day.This is useful to do if over the beds of cucumbers set arc - metal or wicker.With cut twigs should be removed immediately bark (at this time it is removed very easily).Bend the bars arcs, sticking into the ground.These willow arch are 5-6 years old, if the winter to remove them from the soil, associate in bundles and to keep under the roof, so as not to get wet.

for growing cucumbers in the ground Covering convenient to build a special box without a bottom, 2 m wide and any length.The box is positioned so that its longest side was from west to east, because the cucumbers will grow across the box in a southerly direction.The north side of the box height is about 80, and the south - only 40 cm, the sides have oblique upper cut, dropping from 80 to 40 cm

Drawer bottom filled with biofuel..Use can be hay, straw, leaves, compost nepereprevshy, but not manure, as it will cause a rapid growth of the aerial part to the detriment of fruiting and provoke root rot.On top of biofuels poured fertile soil with a minimum height of 15-20 cm. Before the low edge of the box should not reach the ground about 5-7 cm.

seeds or seedlings planted by the high wall at a distance of th cm from it.Plants are placed quite often, about 15 cm apart.To the high back wall with a plate nailed film which spreads across the box and down on the ground for the lower edge so that it can be secured to the pipe and ground stones.During the day the film throws for the high wall at night throws over the low wall and fix completely hiding cucumbers.Strictly speaking, this is also a covering bed, but only work on it easier.

can in order to save space to grow cucumbers in a vertical cylinder.To do this, a piece of tar paper length of about 3 meters rolled up into a cylinder with a diameter of 80-90 cm, put the cylinder on end, tied with a rope, so that it does not fall apart, and fill it with the bottom part of torn magazines, old shoes, pieces of rotten stumps and planks pereslaivaya any groundthen add chipped branches with leaves, compost or nepereprevshy hay, straw, leaves, sawdust, add NPK (2- 3 cups), then poured a good soil.Before the top of the cylinder should remain about 20 cm of empty space.The soil should be well wet to the bottom of the cylinder.Then cover with foil and tied with a rope.After 10-12 days, the soil is well warmed up, and you can sow the seeds of cucumbers in it.

On a vertical garden of the seeds sown at a distance of 15 cm from each other on the circumference of the cylinder, stepping away from the wall at 10-12 cm, and covered with foil.Frosts are on the ground, and the seeds are located at a height of 80 cm, so do not freeze slightly.

shoots grow up to produce the first true leaf.The film was then removed, and the beds in the center of the pipe or drive a stake so that it protruded above the cylinder by about half a meter.To the top of the stake tied lutrasil that descends like a tent to the ground and secured so as not to turned the wind.Seedlings are inside the tent, and they are not afraid frosts.Lutrasil open only to water and fertilize plants.With all lutrasil the onset of hot weather is collected on the north side, opening a plant to the sun.As the plants will descend down the walls of the cylinder, so bed looks spectacular.

Of course, it is necessary to put a barrel on the very sunny location.It is located to 20 plants, and occupies only 1 m2 bed.

not possible to make the cylinder of the roofing material, and from the tires, stacked on each other.In the same vertical beds well-grown seedlings of different crops.But they can not put strawberries, because the cylinder freezes in winter and strawberries will be lost in areas where winters.In the spring to melt the ice, the soil in the beds of vertical poured very hot water.

Pumpkin cultures can be grown seedlings, provided that you will transplant them into the ground transshipment, without damaging the roots, at the age of 20-25 days after germination.It is in the stage of 1-2 leaves seedling pumpkin rather well tolerated transplant, because she virtually has no root system.If you do change at a later age, it formed the plant root system and almost die after transplantation will start to grow again.

best to grow the seedlings in the deep cylinders made of newspaper.The newspaper folded twice in half and wrapped around a bottle.It turns paper cylinder.Its edges fastened with staples, remove the cylinder from the bottle and fill Peat mixture.Mozhnos using a soldering iron to weld these cylinders from the film piece.For this film is cut into a strip approximately 30 cm wide and is folded in half along the wide portion.Now we have to solder it on the edge and cut into pieces the length of 15 cm.

can bury seeds in moist soil without soaking, but you can pre-soak and sprout even.Do not forget to start feeding cucumbers, as soon as the shoots.

transplant will make reloading, putting the cylinders together with a newspaper in the prepared holes is the same as the cylinder depth.Backfill soil around the newspaper.Gradually newspaper razmoknet soil and sprout roots through it.If the seedlings grown in the cylinders of the film, it is necessary to lower the prepared wells together with the film, and then carefully cut the film.The whole earth would anyone in the hole without any damage to the roots.Now backfill the hole in the ground.

landing gently pour on the perimeter of the cylinder, without directing the jet at the roots, and trying not to fall on the leaves.If you want to get the first cucumbers in the early to mid-June, then sow them for seedlings for 40-45 days before, and transplant to a permanent place in the age of 20-25 days.

no matter, you will sow cucumbers in a low or high greenhouse, it is necessary to pre-dig a trench to a depth and width of the bayonet spade, make them dry hay, leaves or compost nepereprevshy.Return on hay soil excavated from the trench, lay on top of the board and walk on it to compact the ground.Good water the soil and cover with foil to warm the earth.After 5-7 days, the hay will begin to rot, thus will generate heat, the soil warms to 15-16 degrees, and you can sow cucumbers.I am doing in the soil deepening the bottom of the deep dish at a distance of 25 cm from each other.I take the seed of his thumb and forefinger, and bury it in the soil to a phalanx of a finger so that it fell on the edge.Do not believe me - check the seed planted on the edge rises better than delivered on the ass or put flat.

I for insurance are planted in each slot 2-3 seed in the middle recess, placing them on the triangle a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.Covering half of a two-liter plastic bottle, good recessed edge into the soil to slugs do not gnawed cotyledon leaves after germination.On top of covering or double spanbond lutrasilom.Plants quietly tolerate frosts to - 6 degrees and thus grow and develop well.Once cucumbers will be the first true leaves, they can sit down or to transplant the excess, leaving, of course, the best, or cut unnecessary by the level of soil scissors.Since then, the slugs they are not afraid, the bottle can be removed, leaving only the double spunbond directly on the plants before the threat of night frost has passed.

After frost cucumbers already have to tie up, if you grow them on a vertical trellis.For this tie at the first real piece of cord-free loops and obkruchivaya stem counterclockwise cord, spend it under each sheet.Pull the cord and tie a bow to the horizontal wire, stretched 1.5 m above the ground.Further, if the cucumbers are not the clinging to the cord around his swing the stem.

When cucumbers grow to the horizontal wire perekin'te them through the wire and get down to rise, which will have to tie the growing end of the stem to its lower part.

Fertilizing, watering

The soil should be loose, rich in organic matter.Before planting in each well should add 2-3 tbsp.NPK and spoon 1 hour. spoonful of potassium sulfate, or 1/2 cup of ashes.Mix the fertilizer with the soil well watered copiously with warm water.

kalielyubam relates to cucumber, he ratio of N: P: K of 34: 13: 53, and at the same time it makes relatively few nutrients from the soil (agronorma its N + P + k = 15).

Fertilizing is best combined with irrigation.For every bucket of water capacity of 10 liters is necessary to take 3 tbsp.NPK spoon and add 1 tbsp.spoonful of potassium plus 2 hours. Spoon "Uniflor-micro."It can be used for fertilizing ash scattering by watering the soil moist after 2 tbsp.spoons ash around each plant, trying not to fall on the stem.

Mineral feeding should be alternated one week with organic.As organic fertilizing is best to use the infusion of fresh manure (1: 10) or bird droppings (1: 20).All pumpkin like fresh manure, but only as a liquid feeding (they can not tolerate fresh manure entering the roots when planting).Instead, the infusion can be used manure weeds which must be diluted with water 1: 5.

Cucumbers like moist soil, but that does not mean that they should be watered excessively.The soil should be constantly moist, but do not turn into slush.It is best to arrange drip irrigation, using hoses with holes, or plastic bottles with a dressing.At the bottom of the half-liter bottles, make a thick red-hot nail holes along the entire lateral surface.The bottom of the bottle with a hole dig into the soil between the cucumbers and unscrew the cap.