Caring for raspberries

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

growing raspberries excellent solar and wet places almost the entire territory of Russia.It follows on the heels of a man literally.

Note the roadside just a paved road, forest felling, conflagration, and you will immediately notice a young raspberry bushes.raspberry seeds in the bird mainly spread.

in the stomachs of birds seeds themselves are not processed, only slightly softened solid seed coat, which contributes to the rapid germination.

During the multiplication of seeds of raspberries should keep this in mind and before sowing seeds stratified (break the seed coat, laminating seeds on sandpaper) or sustain about half an hour in a weak solution of hydrochloric acid or gastric juice (sold in the pharmacy).

Rubus idaeus L. This is one of the oldest berry plants.Cultivated kinds of raspberry are orange, red, purple and black berries.There are varieties plodonosya- yew once or twice a year.Of the cultivated varieties are grown mostly as follows: the most commonly plodonosyaschih- "Ruby", "Zev II o

f" of remontant - "Lloyd George" or "Garnet."The most useful in terms of nutritional benefits of wild raspberries.Raspberry contains approximately 1% protein, 13% sugar, particularly simple, as well as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium.It - a significant amount of copper that is essential for blood circulation.The raspberry about 20 mg% of vitamin C, carotene and vitamins there B1 and B2.There are also organic acids, especially citric acid, bioflavonoids, quite a lot of pectin, tannin, anthocyanin.The presence of salicylic acid is useful for colds influences.The high content of organic acids with the seed in the bones of berries has a positive effect on the intestinal cleansing.The berries have a mild diuretic and choleretic properties, also a beneficial effect in rheumatic disease and diseases of the liver and kidneys.Medicinal properties and leaves.The leaves are part of the tea blends (special cholagogue and diuretic).Young leaves are harvested during the flowering plants, they are dried and processed.Infusion of them useful and replaces the real tea, especially suitable for children with colds and those suffering from kidney disease.The leaves of raspberry have essential oils, bioflavonoids, a lot of vitamin C, tannins, organic acids, there is a salicylic acid.Fermentation is carried out as follows: fresh leaves are left in the shade for about 12 hours so that they wither.Then they need to be rolled with a rolling pin, wrapped in a towel and leave in this state for 1-2 days.The leaves acquire a brownish color and a pleasant smell.Then they must dosushit (such processing is called fermentation).Likewise stockpile blackberry and strawberry leaves, of which you can make a mixture.Leaves of wild raspberries (strawberries, blackberries) are collected not only for personal consumption, but also to pass as medicinal plants.Drying them to be careful, in the shade, so they do not lose color and are not damaged.From raspberry prepared syrups, jams, compotes, fruit drinks, juices, desserts, soups.Use raspberries and mixed with fruit slaboaromatnymi often make the mixture with a currant.

Features cultivation

What raspberry loves? Sun, good light all day (although it can put up with penumbra), humus-rich soil with a neutral reaction, feeding fertilizers containing nitrogen.She loves and fresh manure, moist soil.

raspberries What does not? slightest drying of the topsoil.Therefore, the soil under the mulch should be raspberries, that is to cover its layer of rotted sawdust height of at least 8 to 10 cm. It is possible for this purpose to use peat, leaves, hay, straw, moss, sphagnum moss, weed the weeds.Instead, mulch is permissible to lay the ground between the rows as well as on the roadside planting raspberries any opaque material, which will retain soil moisture and heat and will not allow weeds to germinate.Because raspberries surface root system is located in a layer of soil depth of 15-20 cm, it is strongly inhibit weeds, depriving of food and water.Earth under raspberries can pour a layer of 2-3 cm of slurry or mud from under fermented weeds, but before planting should be watered with water, so as not to burn the roots cause too high a concentration of mulch.

Dislikes raspberries acidic soil, heavy clay or loam, grows poorly on the sands, can not tolerate stagnant water in the winter thaw and spring flood.On meager soil before planting raspberries should bring a bucket of rotted compost or humus under every bush.It is best to plant shrubs on a flat surface, but if the water table is close to the surface or the land flooded by water, you must first fill the ridges of about 30 cm in height and a width of about 1 m and are planted raspberries.For better drainage under the ridge make firewood, stalks, wood chips, twigs.

varieties Choice

The modern varieties should choose the most hardy and resistant to major fungal diseases, with large berries.

Of varieties with red berries are the most promising Balm, Bryansk, Illusion, Krendo, modest, companion, Malakhovka, Meteor, Patricia, Ruby, Sunny, Maroseyka, Mirage, Pereseet, Gusar.Very large berries, up to 6-8 g, the varieties Padishah, Taganka, Aynsberri.There are varieties with even bigger berries - Beauty of Russia and whims of the gods.

Of varieties with yellow color of berries promising grade fugitive, Yellow Spirin (almost no infestation weevil), Pineapple Yellow Vigorova, Yellow Giant (unfortunately, not winter-hardy and requires a shelter for the winter), Slastena yellow.It should be noted that the yellow raspberries cultivated in exactly the same way as red.

From grades with black colored berries are most known varieties of Cumberland and Bristol.Promising varieties Nyo-Logan and Earley Cumberland.

Black (American) Red raspberry different from not only the color of berries.Firstly, it has a powerful, leaving deep into the root system, so it is quite resistant to drought.It can be watered much less frequently than the red, secondly, it does not form root suckers.Third, it does not lodge, her erect shrubs, so black raspberries do not need support.However, it is less hardy, so it is necessary for winter shoots bend down to the ground and cover of spruce branches.Young bushes should be formed correctly, then formed a strong hive, which gives a rich annual harvest.To do this at the beginning of the growing season, remove all broken, dry and diseased, weak shoots, cutting them to the ground.Once the annual shoots grow back to 50 cm, they should shorten the ends of 10 cm, while in September will form long shoots.Next spring, the weakest of these shoots are cut to the ground, a strong pruned, leaving only 4-5 buds.During this summer formed a powerful compact bush.

in recent years have been widely spread varieties of the new selection, called Rashbush.Varieties of fruit breeding twice on the same shoots: at the end of summer - the young shoots of the current year and again on them same summer of next year, that is, they are remontant varieties of raspberries.

One of the first varieties of this trend has been bred more IV V.Michurinym grade Progress.Now there are quite a few varieties of this sort The September, Follgoll, Korblyuer, Crane, Heritage, Indian summer.I have to say, in the North-West, these varieties not very promising because of the early autumn frosts.Berries do not have time not only mature but also normal ottsvesti.The ends of the shoots freeze, they have to be cut in the spring and summer because fruiting just miserable.

very interesting direction in raspberry breeding - creation of varieties of fruit-bearing shoots in the current year, ie the annual raspberries.After fruiting raspberries just mow and all.The next year grow new shoots, which ripens and the harvest.For such a plantation is easy and convenient to maintain.Besides annual raspberry less attacked by pests and diseases.There should definitely say thanks Bryansk wonderful raspberry breeder who has created almost all varieties of the above, and annual varieties of raspberries Hercules, Augustine, reliable, elegant, Apricot (yellow), Academician Ivan Vasilyevich Kazakov.

Relatives raspberry

First of all, erect blackberries or bramble, blackberry and creeping, or rosyanika.In addition there is a raspberry, or as it is called, polyanika, Prince berry, stone bramble arctic, Mamoura.

raspberry growing in the northern forests and is considered one of the most delicious berries North.Flowering raspberry abundant but little berries ties.It ripens in August and looks a bit like a raspberry.

raspberry hybrid polyanikoy (raspberry) was created about thirty years ago in Finland, which was called raspberry nectar, because it turned out to be sweet raspberry.This hybrid taken from two of their ancestors the best properties, namely, it is the taste and aroma as polyanika, and the harvest, like raspberries.Now quite widespread nectarine raspberry cultivar Finnish - grade Hayes.Shoots at nectarine raspberry shorter than that of raspberries.The bush is never higher than 1.5 m. The shrub grows slowly, so the shoots with virtually no problems.It ripens two weeks later than usual raspberries and leaves in autumn with flowers and berries.In order not to lose the crop, over the bushes in late summer it is advisable to put a tunnel cover, or at least cover the bushes double layer lutrasila.All other agricultural machinery is the same as that of conventional raspberries.

Blackberry in the garden should be planted, of course, erect, as with any creeping blackberry There is no getting.Her shoots once in contact with the soil, immediately begin to take root.However, just at rosyaniki larger and tasty berries, and withdrawn besshipye varieties.So the choice is yours.Erect varieties are naturally more compact and do not capture the territory around it as aggressively as rosyanika.Therefore, in small orchards it is better to grow brambles, ie erect blackberries.When choosing a place, we must remember that the less hardy blackberries than raspberries.Therefore rosyanika that is creeping blackberry easier winters, as almost always covered with snow.Blackberries less demanding on the soil than raspberries.However, she has a preference.He likes well-drained blackberries and fertilized with organic loam.The reaction of the soil should be slightly acidic or neutral.Location sunny, protected from northern winds.

Planting blackberries, unlike raspberries, better in the spring, but you can fall.In the planting hole depth of about 50 cm make compost bucket liter jar of ashes, if the soil is acidic, and 2 tbsp.tablespoons of double granulated superphosphate.The pit is filled to three-quarters, if necessary, adding the soil excavated from it.All mix well, pour the water, make a mound, which straighten the roots and fall asleep on top of the remains excavated from the pit of the earth.After planting, make a pruning, leaving stumps height of about 25-30 cm above the soil surface.Shrubs erect blackberries have approximately 1 m from each other.For rosyaniki need more space.Distance between landings should be at least 2 m. Care blackberries is no different from caring for raspberries.

From erect blackberries most winter-hardy varieties of agave, Ufa spot, Flint.From creeping varieties - Texas.Of particular interest are besshipye rosyaniki grades: Tornfri, as well as a series of varieties Tornles.

Blackberry - berries are very tasty, many consider it to be delicious raspberries.She, like raspberries, rich in micro-and macro-elements, organic acids, vitamins, but the blackberry jam even tastier than raspberries.

Landing

It is best to plant raspberries in the summer kontse at the same time as the strawberries, that is, from mid-August to mid-September.But it can be transplanted from one place to another in the spring, and even in mid-summer, if you want to transplant the young shoots.It is recommended to choose a landing sunny place.Improve soil making rotted compost (1 -2 buckets under the plant).Deoxidizing ash (liter jar under a bush) or make lime glass.

There are different ways of growing raspberries.It is often planted large curtain wall, positioning the plant according to the scheme 50 cm x 50 uniformly over the entire area, with the stems bury the soil when planting 3-4 cm. If deeper raspberry plant stalk rot can, if higher, then there is a danger winterkillingplanting winter.Planting all ends, as more raspberries cast adrift.It grows by itself, as in a forest.Dressings do not, do not cut the old stems, the leaves are not removed.Only hosed down on the soil in dry weather.The underground part of raspberry lives about 12 years, so it Curtain have transferred to another place.

But more raspberries are grown along the site boundaries in one or two lines, placing the bushes at a distance of 80 cm from each other, and the series - at a distance of 1 m number of width for the raspberries should be about 40 cm All shoots, knocks over this limit..It should be cut, otherwise raspberry raspolzetsya around landings at quite a distance.When planting in rows is not convenient to dig individual holes for each plant and a continuous trench in which plants and plant.It is usually recommended to plant from two plants together.Before planting the roots it is necessary to put it in water for not less than two hours, so that they were filled with moisture, nice to add to the water "Kornevin" or "Geteroauksin".But the roots must be kept in water for a longer time, as they lose all potassium contained therein, and this will weaken the plant early engraftment.

In the planting hole or trench should be made all that was mentioned above, a good soak the soil with water, so that the plants are planted in the dirt.Make hills, spread the roots on them (broken or dried must first be cut) and fill them with dry soil.The trench bushes planted in hills located at 80 cm from each other.Then, the trench is filled completely with soil.The soil after planting, not compacted, but only slightly crimped around the stems of raspberries.

raspberry planting material immediately when you buy should be shortened, leaving the stems height of only 20-25 cm. If you otsazhivayut young shoots with his plantation, it also should be shortened before landing at the same height.Otherwise, the leaves evaporates moisture issushat stem, which is not supplied with moisture until the bush is not caught and does not appear sucking rootlets.

Planting should be several different varieties, as raspberries require pollination.In addition, we must bear in different varieties ripening raspberry patch.

Later leave no more than 4 young shoots in the bush, in addition to last year's 4 stalks.If left in the early summer to 4 young shoots, bushes greatly thickened, which leads on the one hand, in poor light conditions, and therefore yield to drop, on the other - to the spread of fungal diseases.

If you grow raspberry rows, make sure you need a garter stems, or they under the weight of berries or wet foliage will begin to gravitate toward the ground, and this can result in damage to the stem at the base, which is especially often in strong winds.To keep the stem in a vertical position two pull-out of the three horizontal trellis solid wire or a fiberglass cord, which is fixed on kolah driven into the ground at a distance of 2.3 m apart.

If you do these two fence at a distance of 40 cm from each other on both sides of the landing, the raspberries, you can not tie to the trellis.If the fence is only one, you have to tie stems to each of the horizontal trellis.Fences can be separated by the width of about 50-60 cm. To one side of the tie last year's shoots, from which we shall reap, and appeared to the young growth will remain sufficient space.It will not shade the fruit-bearing branches.As the young shoots should be tied to a trellis second fence.So you divide the last year and the young shoots.This greatly facilitates the care of plants.

To raspberries not sprawling from designated areas, it is necessary either to dig to a depth of 30 cm slate and restrict landings on both sides, or every spring and autumn on a bayonet spade to cut through the boundary lines along the landings.But you can do otherwise - leave along the raspberry planting sod width of about 40 cm on each side, on which are constantly walking, utaptyvaya grass.Malina does not like heavy soils and will not spread their roots in the trampled place.If, nevertheless, shoots appear in the wrong place, it should be removed, cutting the sharp spade and uprooted.Cut shoots of raspberries shears useless, as it will grow even thicker.