Overview: introduced into the culture relatively recently (not earlier than the IV century), probably because the wild thickets of raspberry fruits of high quality.Raspberries - a long-term shrub.Adventitious roots strong rhizomes grow and form root suckers, which in the first year grow in height and thickness.In the axils of leaves formed flower buds, for the second year formed lateral branches bearing flowers and ovaries.The more powerful shoots, the higher the yield the following year.At one place raspberries gives good yields of 10-12 years.Then plantation plowed and lay a fresh new planting material.
Although the first reliable data on cultural plantations of raspberries in Russia relate only to the XVII century, has entered it in the diet of the Slavs since ancient times as abundant grew wild in almost the entire territory of Russia: in the central and northern areas of the Urals andin Siberia, the Far East and the Caucasus.
chemical composition of raspberries is very varied.Its fruits contai
amount of vitamins in raspberries is not great, but their composition is very diverse, which makes the berries powerful vitamin means.Besides the amount of substances with vitamin P activity (vasodilator) ranges from 85 to 7500 mg% (depending on the grade of raspberry and their several hundred).Furthermore, raspberries contained 2 mg iodine%, which is extremely necessary people.The combination of berries in folic acid and iron allows the use of raspberries and its juice in violation of blood, and the presence of iodine - with endemic goitre.
raspberry juice has antipyretic effect, improves appetite, digestion, drink it in scurvy, anemia, stomach pains, it normalizes activity of the gastrointestinal tract, soothes abdominal pain.Juice drink for coughs, in avitaminosis C, is used as a means protivoskleroticheskoe due to the presence in it of fatty acids and P-sitosterol.Therapeutic effect and its raspberry juice for colds determined by the presence in the fruit juice and salicylic acid.raspberry juice has one specific property: it facilitates the effects of intoxication.
Berries and raspberry juice is contraindicated in patients with gout and nephritis, as in raspberries contains a lot of purine bases.
should be borne in mind that the juice of raspberries very difficult to remove.To take juice perfectly ripe berries before pressing douse them with cold water from the shower and then remove the sepals.Zatem.malinu placed in a pan and allowed to stand for about an hour.Juice dripped-off with the drained berries, and then add the berries in hot boiled water (1 cup per 1 kg of berries).The mixture was heated at 85 ° C for 15 minutes, and then pressed.
raspberry compote (option 1)
1 kg of berries, 1 cup of sugar.
Berries to sort, if a lot of worms, then pour in the salt water for 10-12 minutes.All of them float to the top.They just need to be drained with the water and rinse the berries clean to remove traces of salt.
doused with boiling water and put directly into the prepared jars (berries should occupy a quarter of the banks).Pour the boiling sugar syrup.Immediately roll up, turn on the cover and cool under a blanket.
Store at room temperature.
Note.If compote add 1 tablespoon per 1 liter of juice compote irgi or honeysuckle, the raspberry compote without losing its color.
raspberry compote (option 2)
1 kg of raspberries, 300-400 grams of sugar, 1 liter of water to make a syrup.
Volume of ready compote 2 liters.
Fill the jars with berries, cover and put on the stand in a pan of cold water.
water heated to 40 degrees.After a few minutes, when the berries will decrease in volume, the contents of two cans in a shift to the "coat hanger" and continue heating to 80 degrees.Remove and roll up.
raspberry compote (option 3)
Prepare the syrup.Banks, filled with berries up to shoulders, pour hot syrup to the shoulders, too.Place jars in a pan of water.Cover the lid and heated slowly to 75-80 degrees.Then do as in the embodiment 2.
Such compote can be made from the berries of black and yellow raspberries.Black raspberries gives compotes and other workpieces very beautiful color.
1 kg raspberry 0.8-1 kg of sugar.
Grind freshly collected from bushes clean hands raspberries with sugar.Cover with a cloth and let stand for 3-4 hours.Once the sugar is completely dissolved, spread out along the banks roll up and refrigerate.
Malina as redcurrants, is a natural preservative.If raspberries raspberry many larval flies, then do as mentioned above, the recipe for stewed fruit.
500 g raspberries, 500 g sugar, 1 liter of vodka.At the bottom of
Bottled pour ripe raspberries and fill it with vodka.Throat bottle plugged with a cotton swab.Put in a cool place for 3-4 weeks.
Prepare the syrup at the rate of 500 grams of sugar per 250 grams of water, boil, cool and pour into a bottle with a raspberry.Mix, filter and pour into bottles.Plug.The longer this liquor is, the tastier it becomes.
Cream Liqueur 'Crimson King »
4 eggs, 0.5 liters of raspberry jam, 250 g cream, 400 ml of vodka, a bag of vanilla sugar, 2 tbsp.tablespoons cocoa, 2 tablespoons.spoons of sugar.
Separate the yolks and beat with the sugar.Cocoa mix well with cream.Continuing to whisk the yolks, gradually pour into them cream, raspberry jam and vodka.At the end, add the vanilla.Strain through a sieve.Pour into a beautiful bottle.Plug.Liquor is prepared just before use.
1 egg, half a cup of sugar, 0.5 cups of raspberry juice.
Squeeze the juice through cheesecloth raspberries.Separate white and whip it, gradually adding the sugar and slowly pouring the juice of raspberries.
Mousse is ready when it is "cap".Yolk can be used for the preparation of eggnog, rubbed it with sugar and cocoa.
2 cups raspberries through a sieve, strain the juice, poured into an enamel bowl, cover with a lid and put in a cool place.The remaining pomace raspberries pour 1 of water, add the zest of 1 lemon, 50 grams of fresh mint leaves and boil on low heat for 7-10 minutes, strain and cool.Then take half the raspberry juice, add 1/2 cup of sugar and a wooden rubbing tolkushkoy, pounded poured into the broth, there is poured the remaining raspberry juice, all stir well.
Whipped cream with raspberries
0,5 l 35% -s' cream (or sour cream), 2-3 tbsp.tablespoons of powdered sugar, raspberry jam or fresh berries to taste.
Cool in the refrigerator the cream and beat them to supply increased in volume several times.Add powdered sugar and beat with more time.Put in bowls and add on top of raspberry jam or jelly, you can use fresh berries.
Note.Instead of raspberries, of course, you can use the garden strawberries (which is called strawberry) or wild strawberries.And you can sprinkle with grated chocolate whipped cream and chopped nuts.
Council for those who can not whip the cream or sour cream.Pour sour cream or cream in the corner of a clean cloth bag (at the very least, a clean pillowcase), hang on the faucet in the sink, substituting for it a plate, so that the liquid dripping into it.(Later, this serum and salt in a ratio of 10: 1 greased face, neck, arms and immediately wash away with warm water - get a gift of a silk skin.) Hour 2-5 Put the cream or sour cream in a bowl and place in refrigerator to cool for an hour.Now all you vzobetsya instantly.The fact that the sour cream and an industrial method of preparing a dry powder, instead of a fresh dairy product, and thus it is added vodichka.It is not something gives cream or whipped cream, no matter what their fat content.But natural sour cream (or cream) from the market vzobetsya easily.
1 kg of sour cream, 1 packet of gelatin, 1 cup sugar, 2-3 tbsp.spoon berry syrup (can be drained from the raspberry jam).
soak gelatine (take about 40 minutes) in half a glass of cold boiled water.Put it on the fire, bring to a boil and immediately remove from heat.
Sour cream whip with sugar.Mix gelatin with cooled down.Devide into two parts.One berry add syrup (or juice).
Pour into molds layers, alternating white and colored.Put in the fridge (not less than half an hour).
Before serving at the bottom of the molds slightly warmed, turn the content into the dish.
healing part: leaves, flowers, leafy branches.
plant features: branched thorns.
composition of tea and its method of preparation:
tea leaves, flowers, leafy branches: 1h .. mixture into 1 tbsp.boiling water.Brew the tea as a regular.Flavored drink with a delicate sweet flavor.
Healing properties: quenching thirst, regulation of the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
refreshing tea: dried leaves of fireweed and raspberry, linden flowers - 2: 2: 1.1 h .. mixture into 1 tbsp.boiling water, leave for 10-12 minutes, strain, add sugar to taste.
Healing properties: influenza and other respiratory diseases.
healing part: fruit.
composition and method of preparation of tea it:
sweatshop tea: 200 grams of dried raspberries for 600 ml of boiling water.Infuse for 30 minutes, drink at night for 2-3 glasses.
Medicinal properties: colds, flu, sore throat.
Cherry and raspberry juice
1 cup cherries, 1 cup raspberries, juice of 1 lemon, 2 water.Cherries are washed and removed from their bones, mixed with raspberries, poured sugar, stirred, covered with a lid and put in a cool place (in a refrigerator) for a day.Then squeeze the juice from berries, and the remaining pulp is poured into water and brought to a boil.The broth is filtered, cooled and combined with the pressed juice of lemon, mix and drink cold.
to 1/2 cup of ripe raspberries add 2-3 tbsp.spoons of sugar, zest of 1/2 lemon, juice of 1/2 lemon, all rubbing a wooden spoon or pestle, pour cooled boiled water, stirred, allowed to stand for 5-7 minutes, strain and drink.
200 g of fresh leaves of raspberry, 50 g butter.
Squeeze the juice of raspberry leaves, add the butter, all mixed.
salve affected areas.
Squeeze the juice of 100 g raspberries, strain it and add 2 tbsp.l.fresh milk.Then take the gauze and dip it into the mixture.Put gauze on the face for 15 minutes, then remove and rinse the skin with cool water.This procedure refreshes the skin very well.
Infusion raspberries and rowan with dermatitis
for 2 tablespoons.spoon raspberry fruit, rowan, 500 ml of water.
Grind fruits, pour boiling water, to insist 30 minutes.
Wipe inflamed areas.