Pruning young trees (up to fruiting )
Pruning young trees (by BN Anzin)
Pruning these trees should begin immediately after planting.To restore the balance between the above-ground part and root system of the same age should be cut off, leaving a 70-80 cm escape, and on the two-year seedlings - shorten shoots on 1/3 or 1/2 of the length.
In the future task of the gardener - formation of a solid wood crown and facilitate the rapid entry into fruition.Shtamb wood should not exceed 50-60 cm and the crown should be formed from two tiers, so that the total height of the tree does not exceed 2.5-3 meters. Thus skeletal branches must have angles of divergence and the permissible difference.
height limit can not be extended to the trees, which give small fruits, intended exclusively for processing purposes (it is advisable to harvest them clean by shaking off).
Young trees can not be greatly shorten the annual shoots, because once the crown starts to thicken and slow start fruiting.It is necessary to shorten the only powerful shoots (50-70 cm lo
We must also ensure that the lateral shoots, future skeletal branches, did not depart from the trunk at an acute angle, otherwise they may break off.
During this period, you need to keep the center conductor and follow the subordination of the branches.But at the same time, be sure to avoid "competition" from the top 2 shoots leaving only one.Competitors and strong branching with acute angles of divergence cut "on the ring."Skeletal branches of the two-year wood for submission of a wire is better to cut off "translation into a side chain."On the tree need to keep all the emerging fruit branches (kolchatki, kopetsa, fruit twigs).
Many gardeners often complain that their trees for a long time do not come into fruition.It is in most cases connected with oiling plant and trimming irregular strong.So trees can help in two doses, one of which - banding.Due to delayed ringing outflow of nutrients in the cortex, they accumulate in the branch, which contributes to the formation of fruit buds.
second method - prigibanie branches, because, in accordance with the biological laws than the horizontal is an escape, the sooner and more abundant it will bear fruit.In addition to duck branches are located at a lower height than the upright.Translation of the branches in the horizontal position should be made in the period Share of flower buds in the early lignification of shoots (at the apple - from mid-June to September).
have varieties with high probudimostyu kidney and good branching and to weaken motivation to fruiting also need to change the slope of the branches and tie in closely to a horizontal or drooping position.
branch reaction to the position in space
To convert the branches in a horizontal position, you can use some tools.For securing wooden clothespeg on the 1-year-old runaway has started to grow over the side shoots will bud right direction.To correct the direction of the young shoots are also used special flexor branches.The horizontal position of the thicker branches can be achieved by pulling and pull them to the trunk of a tree or fixed in the ground hooks.This should ensure that there is no branch of the arcuate position, otherwise it may appear tops.