bulbous perennials, modified stem, the plant organs are formed in the bulb, which depart from the flower stalks and leaves;perianth corolla and six-membered or with the number of shares that is a multiple of six, 6 stamens, stigma trilobate;fruit - capsule.There are 7 basic forms of the flower: goblet, cupped, oval, liliales, parrot, terry and stellate.
In a culture known to more than 2,500 varieties and hybrids derived from several species of tulips;15 recovered in the labeling classes combined into 4 groups, three of which are allocated on timing of flowering.
Group I. early-flowering tulips.Flowering period: March-April-early May.
Class 1. Simple (nemahrovye) early tulips.It combines the early-flowering (usually the first decade of April) plants with low cup-shaped, cup-shaped or oval shape of the flower.The most famous varieties: "Brilliant Star" - a bright red flower with black base;"Van der Neer" - flower transparent dark purple;"Cooler Cardinal" - stems up to 40 cm tall, cupped fl
Class 2. Terry early tulips..The flowers are double, bloom later early (usually from the middle and second half of April).Varieties: 'Bopanza "- carmine flower with yellow border;"Murillo Maxim" - flowers in early flowering white, later pink;"Shoonoord" - white;"Electra" - cherry-red (with yellow central part and the stamen filaments), etc.
Group II..Srednetsvetugtsie tulips.flowering period: late April - May.
Class 3. Tulips Triumph tulips and the mendelevium.Combines srednetsvetuschie plant to 50 cm tall with large flowers goblet shape, often two-tone coloring.Grade Triumph: "The Aviator" - flower cherry red with pale pink border;"Crater" - a flower deep-red with a bluish bloom on the outside;"Korneforos" - crimson-red;Mendeleva varieties of tulips, "adjutant" - vdetok dark ruby;"Heh Grace" - raspberry pink with a light cream base;"White Sayle." - Light cream, white in bright sun, etc.
Class 4. Darwin's hybrid tulips.The flowers (and plants in general) are large, bloom early, perianth goblet, painting mostly red and yellow, sometimes red with yellow edge.Varieties: 'Apeldoorn' - orange-red with a black base, along the edge of which runs marked yellow border;"London" - shirokobokalovidny, bright blood-red color;"Oxford" - red on the edges of bright red, bright yellow base;et al. varieties.
Group III.Pozdnetsvetuschie tulips.flowering period: May (second half).
Class 5. Nemahrovye later - Darwinian, Briderovy and flowered tulips.It combines pozdnetsvetuschie varieties with large flowers.Darwinian tulips include a variety with flowers goblet shape with a square base;Briderovy - oval egg shape and color with a metallic tint;last subclass (Multiflora) includes varieties with several flowers on one stalk.
a) Grades Darwinian "Bargiton" - flower bright purple-red;"Princess Elizabeth" - shiny white and pink, white base, blue border;"Tsvanenburg" - white flower;And others.
b) Grades Briderovyh "Bacchus" - flower dark purple-blue;"Dillenburg" - shimmering from terra cotta orange to crimson hue;"President Hoover" - a brilliant orange-red;"Cherbourg" - the color of old gold (light purplish brown), etc.
c) Grades multiflorous "Georgette" - dark red;."Orange bouquet." - Orange-red, etc.
Class 6. liliales tulips.The flowers are delicate, elongated with curved outwards Tepals.Varieties: "Aladdin" - a bright reddish-orange with narrow yellow Donets;"Kepteyn Freyett" - with very sharp petals, dark ruby red with violet-blue ground;"Marietta" - pale purple-pink;et al.
Class 7. fringed tulips.It combines varieties whose leaves perianth have fringe.Varieties: "Aleppo" - outside the blue-gray, yellow inside;"Belflauer" - outside hot pink, cherry-red inside, the base of blue-and-white;"Hellas" - outside the rich, dark red, in red, bronze-green base;et al.
Class 8. green flowering tulips.Colouring partly greenish perianth.Varieties: "Artist" - outside the center green, purple edge, inside the green with a salmon-pink edges, green filaments, anthers greenish-purple;"Champagne" - outside with green shading along the central vein with flaming-red background, in green combined with jasper red;et al.
Class 9. Rembrandt tulips.It includes all brightly-colored varieties, often cup-shaped form.Varieties: 'Cor del Hull "- background white, blood-red stripes;"Montgomery" - a white background with a thick pink-red touches, a base of blue-purple;"Pierrette" - white with dark red and purple stripes;et al.
Class 10. parrot tulips."Black Pierrot" - flower almost black on the outside with a bluish bloom, blooms in early June;"Discovery" - lilac-pink, silvery white edges;"Texas Gold" - yellow;et al.
Class 11. Terry late tulips.It includes varieties with double flowers Peony- form.Varieties: "Gold Medal" - densely golden yellow;"Cox" - Carmine red;"Symphony" - a bright crimson-red with a dark blue ground;et al.
Group IV.Other types of tulip varieties and hybrids.
Class 12. Tulips Kaufman (hybrids).The squat plants;leaves blue-green, often mottled, star-shaped flowers, early-flowering (March-April).Varieties: 'Antsilla "- sirenevato outside pink, inside pale cream with red dashes at the top;"Goudstuk" - outside dark carmine, on the edge of the yellow;"Caesar" - outside or carmine red and dark yellow;et al.
Class 13. Tyulyshny Fostpera (hybrids).Plants of different heights, stems pubescent, usually at the top of the dark;broad leaves, buds elongated, perianths bell-shaped flowers in late April - mid-May.Varieties: "Cantata" - brilliant, bright red;"Juan" - bright orange with a touch of red on the outside, yellow Donets;et al.
Class 14. Tulips Greig.They differ mottling of leaves and large flowers with a wide base, a slight bend in the middle and bent the tops of the flowers.Varieties: 'Paidur "- two-color carmine-red and light yellow;"Tango" - orange-red with a black base with yellow spots, etc.
Class 15. Tulips with biological characteristics of wild species (original forms)..
Tulip Alberta - undersized (up to 20 cm in height), the stem pubescent, curly leaves, single flowers, orange-red with black Donets.
tulip Greig - see a brief description of the class, curly leaves, flowers of different colors..
tulip Kaufman - see Kharkteristika class..On the inner side of tepals white or yellow, with yellow base, separated by a red border.
Tulip excellent - up to 30 cm tall, strong stems pubescent;Leaves pubescent, flowers up to 5 units (usually 1 - 3) uniform color (from orange to dark crimson).
Tulip F & amp; Sr. - 50 cm in height, stem powerful, pubescent, usually at the top of a dark, broad leaves, flowers fiery red with black and purple or yellow bottom.
Tulip Eichler - stem up to 20 cm tall pubescent;narrow leaves, bent, wavy edge on the bottom with red bordering;flowers solitary, bell-shaped, with a wide base and a shallow intercept middle Donets dark yellow fringe on top.Blossom in April-May.
Moisture Requirements: hygrophilous, but can not tolerate eaetoyavedy.
requirements to heat and light: antifreeze, photophilous plant, but pozdnetsvetuschie varieties tolerate a slight shading.
to soil requirements: prefers loose loamy or sandy soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction (acid soils can not stand), sand and clay must be properly reclaim.Dung and many other organic fertilizers, in addition to humus, the soil contribute to the site can only be for a couple of years before the cultivation of tulips on it;humus and mineral fertilizers are made before planting.
Reproduction: bulbs and babe;seed method - for selection.Before planting the bulbs is etched;they are planted in September and October, at the same time when seeded and baby, and then mulch for winter torero-grit or compost.
Features: The site should be well protected from the wind.At one point in order to avoid the accumulation of pathogenic fungi and bacteria for more than five consecutive years, it is better not to grow tulips.
Usage: flower beds, for cutting and forcing.