Pest and diseases garden

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

cycle of the codling moth

INTEGRATED SYSTEM PROTECTION MEASURES

successful pest control is only possible when using a complex system of measures.They can be: preventive, mechanical, biological and chemical.But you can not rely on any one method, it is necessary to apply them in a reasonable combination.Then you can perform a basic requirement: to protect, not harm.

I. Preventive measures to protect plants from pests and diseases require the gardener:

- use a disease-resistant variety, so you need to look carefully at the description of the grades and pay attention to these properties;

- bookmark plantations to produce improved planting material in special nurseries, especially berries, because the most dangerous pests are spread mainly from seedlings.This bud mite in the currant, strawberry mites and nematodes on strawberries, raspberries izrastanie on;

- avoid planting thickened becauseit is there in the first place, successfully developing the disease: rot, spot, mushroom strikes.So, we ne

ed not often planted plants, and if there has been thickening, it is necessary to safely thin out trees and shrubs;

- purely apply some techniques, namely spray not only the top but also the lower leaf surface, sinceit was there that focus pests. unusual advice. action of the drug is enhanced if the cover film to spray the plant and in the pesticide solution to add soap for better adhesion.

II.For mechanical control measures include:

- removing and burning the nests and clutches Aporia Crataegi ringed silkworm (late autumn);

- clean old bark from the trunks and skeletal branches;

- whitewash trunks and branches of trees (fall and spring) with lime or special paint;

- cutting and burning of shoots affected by powdery mildew, moniliosis on cherries;

- catching bands, collection and destruction of larvae of the codling moth.Collection of fruit drop.

III.Biological control involves, firstly, the use of natural enemies of garden pests.

This is useful garden insects and insectivorous birds.They feed on caterpillars, larvae, beetles, aphids.Therefore, the gardener must advance to make and hang bird houses, and in the winter to feed the birds seeds, bacon, leave as part of the fruit on the trees rowan, irgi, wild cherry.

Beneficial insects garden: insect predators: 1 - lacewing and its larva;2 - ground beetle that eats caterpillars;3 - seven-spotted ladybug and its larva;4 - Fly-hoverfly and its larva;insect pests;5 - Trichogramma;6 - rider-melkobryuh

Another group of assistants gardener - a bird of prey and useful animals.In this regard, the task of the gardener - to protect them in every way, to use less pesticides, not to inflame the fires, not water irrigation.On the site you need to allocate space for sowing of green manure, which attract beneficial insects.

second area of ​​biological control - the use of plants with toxic to pests properties.Now discovered more than a hundred plants, extracts of which have insecticidal activity.It marigolds, potatoes, onions, dandelion, tansy, nettles, tomatoes, celandine, sorrel, yarrow, garlic.In the literature on gardening and horticulture are given recipes of these and other plant extracts insecticidal.

But when using herbal medicines in the form of decoctions and infusions must remember and observe the following rules:

1. Plants can be prepared beforehand.They can be dried and used in the following year.Plants are usually collected in the phase of budding and flowering, when they contain the greatest amount of toxic substances.

2. The water temperature for infusions of dried plants should not exceed 35-40 ° C..

3. Infusions and decoctions have to strain before spraying, and for better adhesion and wettability are typically added to 40 grams of soap per 10 liters of water.

4. Since herbal medicines have little effect and they will not rack, spraying should be carried out on the day of preparation, several times per season 3-7 days.

5. The processing plant to carry out only the sprayer, and not barbaric way - with the help of a broom.

6. Spray should be in calm weather, it is better in the evening, and closer to the night, in the dry leaves.

last two rules also apply to the use of chemicals.

7. After processing plant extracts vegetables can be eaten not earlier than 10 days, becausesome of them are not safe for human beings.

addition insecticidal have group of plants that have the effect of intimidating due to volatile secretions with an unpleasant smell for pest (phytoncide action).These plants are planted together with those who want to protect, in between rows, on the edges of the beds, and even in the ranks (patches).

example, deters ants peppermint, wormwood, tansy, valeryanitsa.Moth on apple will avoid planting garlic and wormwood in tree trunks.Moles do not tolerate the neighborhood with castor-oil plant, daffodils, and mice are afraid of garlic, chernokornya, clover, tansy, coriander.

bud mite on the currant and gooseberry Moth will not grow much, if bushes stick cut branches elderberry.This plant will also scare away the gooseberry moth and codling moth.The same effect is achieved by planting tomatoes in close proximity to the gooseberry and garlic - among the currant bushes.Seeded apple green nasturtium will deter aphids and tansy - moth.

IV.Chemical preparations against pests and diseases should be used in conjunction with other remedies in strict accordance with the regulations permitted, in accordance with phenophases and periods of plant development (see Table.).

system protections fruit crops from pests and diseases

relative peace

swelling kidney

bud - ( «green cone»)

Nomination buds.Flowering

November-March

April

May

June

Pome

p r s with a and a n s:

1. 5% iron sulfate.Whitewash trunks and skeletal branches.Otaptyvanie snow

2. 3% nitrafen (1 every 2-3 years) + 1% urea (tree trunks).Shaking off the weevils

3. 0,3% malathion 0.3% copper oxychloride or 3-4% Bordeaux mixture

4-5.0,3% malathion 0.3% copper oxychloride or 1% Bordeaux mixture

Drupaceous

o p p s lis in a districtI:

Whitewashing the trunks and skeletal branches

1.3% iron sulfate (crown) + 7% urea (tree trunks)

2. Inta-Vir (1 tab. per 10 liters) or 0.2% decis + 1% Bordeaux mixture

3-4.0,3% malathion + 0.3-0.4% copper oxychloride, or 0.1% topsin M

growth ovary

fruit development and ripening

Listopad

July

August

September

October

Pome

Cover hunting zones

collection of fruit drop, removal of trapping bands

Spraying 5-7% urea.Purification cortex.Protection of mice.Whitewash trunks and skeletal branches

Drupaceous

Cut diseased branches

Spraying 4% urea.Whitewash trunks and skeletal branches

system protection measures berry bushes from pests and diseases

relative peace

kidney swelling, leafing

Nomination buds

Flowering

November-March

April

May

June

Currants, gooseberries

p r s with a and a n s:

Pruning shrubs.Sprinkle 3% nitrafenom or treatment with hot water (70 ° C)

collection kleschovyh kidney

1. 0,3% malathion 0.3% copper oxychloride

2. 0,3% malathion+ 1% Bordeaux mixture

Raspberry

Spraying 2-3% nitrafenom

Trim the tops of the shoots

Spraying 0.3% carbo fosom 0.3% oxychloridecopper

shaking off the bugs.Tenderloin of young shoots damaged raspberry fly

growth ovaries

Ripening berries

Listopad

July

August

September

October

Currants, gooseberries

3. whey or infusions of manure

digging shrubs soil zone

Raspberry

shaking off the bugs.Tenderloin of young shoots damaged raspberry fly

Spraying 1% Bordeaux fluid, or 0.3% of copper oxychloride

Tenderloin otplodonosivshie shoots

Insecticides (against pests)

Fungicides (against disease)

Lepidocide (powder, tablets) -20-30 g / 10 liters of water

integral (liquid) - 25 ml / l

Decis (emulsion concentrate) -2 ml / 10 liters of water

Vectra (suspension concentrate) -2 ml / 10 liters of water

Danitol (emulsion concentrate) to 10 g / 10 liters of water

Speed ​​(emulsion concentrate) -2 ml / 10 liters of water

Inta-Vir (tablets) - 8-12 g / 10 l of water

strobe (pellets) - 2 g / 10 liters of water

Kreotsid (emulsion concentrate) - 2 ml / 10 liters of water

Copper sulfate (powder) -50-100 g / 10 liters of water

Karbotsin (emulsion concentrate) - 2 ml / 10 liters of water

Kuproksat (emulsion concentrate) - 0,25%

Iskra (powder, tablets) to 10 g / 10 liters of water, 1 tablet / 10 liters of water

Kartotsid (powder) - 40-60 g / 10 liters of water

Metaldehyde (tablets) - 30 g / m2 10

copper oxychloride (powder, tablets) -40 g / 10 liters of water

Abig Peak (aqueous suspension) - 0,4%