Less common measure of protection against pests and diseases

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

Hares

The best remedy against them - it's a good fence.But you can also scare them away by hanging on tree branches black cardboard circles, half of which to smear lard.Do not carry hares naphthalene, Lysol.

Moles

a) to scare away the smell of rotten herring and acetylene.carbide pieces need to put in the hole and sprinkle the moist soil.

b) Terminate the moves using smoker, seasoned with juniper.

c) On both sides of the mole running into the hole to insert into the neck of a bottle of champagne with cut-off bottom.Generated through the neck rumble scary mole.

Mouse

a) Install stationary fence tree trunks metal (plastic) grid go wrap them in late autumn (to the freezing of the soil) is usednylon stockings and tights, stems of raspberries, pine branches (needles down).You can also use this plastic bottle, cut off their bottoms, the top and cut lengthwise.

b) deters mice plants (alive and dry), tansy, coriander, chernokornya drug, grouse Imperial.

c) mousetraps conventional catch or as a

milk bottle, which is digged into the soil and placed in the bottom piece of lard (bait) is poured or 50-100 g of sunflower oil.

g) To get rid of mice, by trapping them in different mousetraps, and the unfolding of poisoned baits.For example, 1 kg of grain mixed with 50 g of zinc phosphide or krysida 5 g, add 50 g of sunflower oil and a bait in small paper bags decompose in mouse holes.flour + plaster (1: 1) or flour sugar + + plaster (1: 1: 1) sunflower oil (for odors) The following compounds will act as a decoy against mice.

Wintering stage pests.Instead of eradicating the drug nitrafena when spraying before bud break, you can use 10% common salt solution (1 kg per 10 liters of water).

apple tree blossom weevil

When the air temperature is not above 10 ° C is recommended in the morning to shake beetles to spread out under the tree film.The phase of "green cone" spray solution concentrate pine - 2-4 tablespoons per 10 liters of water.

moth

Immediately after flowering trees to hang the container with the bait of the liquid composition: 1 liter of yogurt, yogurt or sour milk in the bucket of water.Every morning, remove from the tanks got there butterflies.Well to make a light trap as butterflies fly at night.

In early June, on trunks impose catching belt - bundles of corrugated cardboard.After every 10 days until August trapping zone is necessary to inspect and destroy the caterpillars had accumulated there.

to repel moths moth can be hung in the tree crown a few small jars with tar.

Aphids

Besides herbal infusions and decoctions against aphids, there are other methods.

a) It is possible to wash aphids from the leaves with water - jet from a hose.

b) Spraying the leaves with hot water (60 ° C).But there are two comments on the reception - it is necessary to monitor the temperature, so as not to burn the leaves, as well as the sprayer should have metal parts and not plastic (otherwise deteriorate).

c) Spray following compositions:

- soap-oil suspension (1 tablespoon soap + 1 cup of vegetable oil = concentrate which dilute with water 1: 1);

- copper-soap liquid (9 liters of water - 200 g of soap and 20 g mustard powder, pour the mixture into a solution of copper sulphate - 20 g per 1 L);

- mustard extract (100 g of dry powder per 10 liters of water -2 days, diluted in 2 times);

- extract of wood ash (third bucket pour hot water and leave for 2 days).

gooseberry moth

late fall or early spring to lay out pieces of tree trunks strip of roofing material, films, linoleum.After tying berries mulch can be removed, but you can leave.

gooseberry Moth.Spraying the bushes with a solution of brine herring - 1 cup per 10 liters of water.

most dangerous diseases:

Powdery mildew (on the currant and gooseberry)

a) Watering shrubs with hot water (60-70 ° C) in early spring before bud burst;

b) Spray following compositions:

- 200 g of dry mustard to 10 liters of water + 40 g of soap;

- 1 liter of milk serum or skimmed milk (not more than 2 daily exposure) to 9 liters of water;

- trisodium phosphate (washing powder) - 60-100 g per 10 liters of water;

- soda ash - 50 g + 20 g of soap in 10 liters of water.

- 4 kg grass field sow thistle 10 liters of water.Spray 3-4 times a day at weekly intervals.

scab (on apple, pear)

Spray trees 5-7% solution of urea (carbamide, 500-700 g per 10 liters of water) in late autumn, when approximately 1/3 of the leaves of the tree already opal, and early springreprocess soil around-trunk circle in the same strong solution.It will serve both nitrogen fertilizer.

to deprive

trees Gardeners do not have to worry too much about this, since lichens on trees can be considered a good indicator of the environment in the area.But with the lichen can be combated if wiping trunks weekly infusion of wood ash and potassium hydroxide (KOH) with water at a ratio of 1: 1: 8.It will also help to treatment with 5% solution of ferrous sulfate, and the following composition: 250 grams of carbolic acid + 400g salt + 400 g soap + 50 g turpentine.