Rare horticultural crops
Now, many gardeners grow rare culture on garden plots in the central zone, including in the suburbs.Of course, the concept of "rare" culture - relative, becausethrough advocacy and efforts themselves gardeners number of such plants from year to year, some of them are no longer a rarity then, and their widely grown as needed.
necessity of diversity set of crops caused, firstly, the possibility of replenishment of food in taste, nutritional and therapeutic terms.As you know, all the chemical compounds found in fruits and berries, are divided into two groups: food (energy) and biologically active (safety).The former include: sugars, organic acids, amino acids, proteins and mineral salts necessary for a person in large quantities as an energy source.A second group of compounds acting on the human body in very small quantities (of a milligram) as a preventive and therapeutic remedies for various diseases.This vitamins, minerals, antibiotics, glycosides, alkaloids, oksikumarina specific acid and other substan
therefore more diverse therapeutic culture, gathered in the garden, the more diseases can prevent grown therein fruit.
Here is a brief description of crops (in alphabetical order)
Apricot Apricot -. Vigorous tree up to 5-8 meters apricot plants are highly drought resistance and winter hardiness sufficient (tolerate temperatures down to -28-30 ° C), butthe output of the rest period (when the winter thaw) can be damaged at temperatures -15-20 ° C (there are frost-crack, sunburn, podoprevanie cortex).
stems of young shoots of apricot reddish-brown, shiny, naked.The leaves are alternate, simple.The trees begin to bear fruit for 5-6 years.Flower buds are formed on the previous year's gains, as well as on the spur.Flowering begins before leafing.Due to early flowering apricot spring frosts are dangerous.Flowers numerous, sessile or on very short stalks.
apricot cross-pollinated plants, samosterilnye.Therefore, at the site must have or more trees of different varieties, or more varieties on one tree.Apricot varieties are propagated by grafting on seedlings apricot, homemade plum, cherry plum, blackthorn, as well as on the clonal rootstocks Plum Kuban 86, Friendship, VVA-1.
japonica low (chaenomeles) is a shrub 60-100 cm. Shirokorasprostertye branches with spines 1-2 cm long.The leaves are ovate shirokoobrazno length of 3-5 cm with a very large stipules, dark green, shiny.Blossoms in May, orange-red flowers for 2-6 pcs.in the shortened hands.The fruits ripen in late September, they varied in form (mainly apple-) and color (from yellow-green to bright orange), sour, very fragrant, the average fruit weight - 20-30 grams (the varieties comes to 100-120 g), contain large amounts of pectin.The shrub begins to bear fruit with 3-4 years of age, the crop can be up to 5 kg of fruit.For cross-pollination is desirable to have at least 2 plants of different origins.Japanese quince can be propagated by seeds, root suckers, layering, dividing the bush and green cherenkami.-
Actinidia Kolomikta - winding bush (creeper) in length from 3 to 7 meters, it shoots encircle the support counterclockwise.The leaves are ovate-oblong, slightly pubescent along veins, dark-green, glossy leaves on some variegation appears.The plants are dioecious, bloom in late May - early June, the flowers are white or pink with a fragrance.Sometimes damaged by spring frosts.Oblong, round or oblong fruit weighing 1.5-4 grams, ripen asynchronously in late August - early September, the emerald-green color, sweet-sour taste with aroma reminiscent of pineapple.Vintage 1 shrub can reach up to 4 kg.In 3.5 g of the fruit of Actinidia contains a daily rate of consumption of vitamin C.
actinides can be propagated by seed, layering, woody and softwood cuttings.At 3-4 female plants must have 1 male (eg, class Commander).Generate and cut Actinidia preferably in late autumn.Young plants should be protected from damage cats.In the culture of varieties are abundant, Leningrad later, large-fruited, VIR-1, Queen Garden, Gourmet, Pretty, Slastena, Manor and others.
Cherry plum (plum plum or splayed Russian) - a valuable kind of plum, characterized by early appearance of fruit (for 2-3 years), resistance to fungal diseases, annual and abundant fruiting.It is a tree or shrub multicore, heliophilous and drought.Cherry plum fruits on a one-year increase, buketnye branches and spur, blooms in the second half of May, requires cross-pollination of other varieties.The fruits ripen in August and September.In conditions of Moscow region in recent years, well-grow varieties Kuban Comet, tent, found, Ruby, Gold of the Scythians, the July rose Timiryazevskaya, Cleopatra, Klondike, and others.Plum varieties can be propagated by softwood cuttings, grafting.
Barberry Barberry - multicore thorny deciduous shrub up to 2.5 m tall with slender erect shoots.Hardy and drought-resistant, love of light and undemanding to the soil.It tolerates shearing branches..
Inflorescences racemose, up to 6 cm Berries are bright red, sometimes yellowish-red, sour, ripen in September-October, the harvest from a bush - up to 2 kg.For therapeutic purposes, using berries, leaves, bark and roots.Barberry can be propagated by seeds, root suckers, by dividing the bush, green cuttings.