seed Harvesting

August 12, 2017 17:52 | General Information About Plants

good way to get high-quality certified seed is to collect seeds on the site.Such a method is practiced by almost all types of crops, especially for those who give a year of sowing seeds.First of all, we should know what and when to plant seeds produce a crop.Among the vegetables are different according to the type of biological development of plants: spring annual crops bloom and produce seeds in the sowing year, while winter perennial vegetable crops, forming a root or head, bloom, and therefore produce seeds only in the second year of life.

Seeds annual crops, formed in the year of sowing, it is necessary to collect fully ripe, that is determined by changing the color or the type of fruit in which they are enclosed.Sometimes this is not possible because of the shedding of the seeds, as in the case of umbrella inflorescence dill, caraway seeds and seed pods of some species of flowers.Then Spermathecas

Collect seed

1 .The plant, wherein the required qualities mark a ribbon in the period

before seed formation.

2. The mature seeds are collected in dry sunny

day unripe seeds in special cases leave

on ripening.

3. seeds taken out of the fetus or threshed,

dried, dispersed on the bags, which

inscribe and stored until spring sowing

in a cool dry place to collect unripe and leftto ripening, during which they acquire the taste, color, and all the qualities typical of ripe fruit, and then threshed.Mature seeds are stored in a dark, dry place until next year and used for spring planting.

Culture, giving

Culture, giving

seeds in the year of sowing

seeds in the second year

- dill

- carrots

- cumin

- beet

- cucumbers

- parsley

- tomatoes

- celery

- squash

- turnip

- zucchini

- radish

- pumpkin

- cabbage

- pepper

- salad

- radish

- floral culture

flowering, pollination, fertilization andformation of seeds of biennial crops occur in the second year after planting.Therefore, to obtain the seeds of these crops is necessary to collect uterine plants and store them in a cool place in winter, in the spring to select well-preserved specimens of the developed buds and shoots and planted in the garden, where the seeds of development continues;they form stems with buds, bloom and form seeds after pollination.Under the conditions of the middle zone of medium-sized roots of carrots, parsley, turnips, rutabagas not freeze and with sufficient snow to successfully overwinter in the soil.Wintered in the ground early roots begin to bloom and by the end of July to early August, give quality viable seeds.The seeds should be collected from the strongest plants.To procure quality seed should be the most productive, outstanding decorative or for any other signs of plant ribbon advance notice and after ripening seeds to collect them with exactly these plants.Seeds were collected at day and allowed to dry on paper to dry completely.Thereafter, they were laid out on a paper bag, and inscribe stored in a dry, dark place, the most favorable temperature for seed storage 10-15 ° C.

is also the case with the collection of seeds of fruit of vegetables: tomatoes, cucumbers, onions and others.They are extracted from fully ripe fruit, dried, pour into a paper bag and store in a cool dry place.

The seed must conform to the standard for seed quality, the most important of which - the ability to germinate or germination . Under the germination of seeds understand their ability to produce normal viable germs at a temperature, humidity and other conditions peculiar to a particular culture.Germination of seed is determined by the amount of seeds germinating under certain conditions over a specified period of time and is expressed as a percentage of the number of seeds taken for control.The degree of germination due to the energy of seed germination.The ability to germinate can be significantly reduced with the aging of the seeds, or as a result of improper storage conditions, and then we talk about the seed material with low vigor.Such seeds with a deterioration in growing conditions give late and disjointed seedlings or no germination.Determination of germination for 5-

7 days before spring sowing allows you to adjust the seeding rate, and at a lower germination it should be increased.

not ascended sown seeds - possible causes ,

seeds of poor quality, many of them were underdeveloped

seeds for some reason did not pass during the rest

seeds were struck by the disease before sowing or sick after sowing

Seedsdamage or destroy pests

S Too much depth of embedding small seeds, they do not have enough light and power to break through tolshe soil

"Svetovskhozhie seeds were covered with earth, which is contrary to their biological nature

. sowing date

Invalid selected seeds were overdriedduring the winter

There was no adequate moisture after sowing seeds in the period of germination

Sedimentation of soil at the site of planting adversely affects the germination of seeds